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[BOAI] Release of 1st DRIVER Summit report

From: "Jones Sophia" <Sophia.Jones AT>
Date: Fri, 25 Jan 2008 13:49:32 -0000

Threading:      • This Message
             [BOAI] Libraries, repositories and metric research evaluation (pre-print , free download) from Chris.Armbruster AT
             [BOAI] Harvard Open Access and the significant move of Copyright Retention from Chris.Armbruster AT

(apologies for cross posting)

Dear colleagues,

On 16 and 17 January 2008, DRIVER II successfully carried out its first
Summit in Goettingen, Germany. Approximately 100 invited representatives
from the European Community, including representatives of the European
Commission, over 20 spokespersons of European repository initiatives as
well as experts in different repository related fields from Europe, the
U.S., Canada and South Africa came together to discuss their experiences
and concrete actions with respect to the further building of
cross-country repository infrastructures.

The first DRIVER Summit was a successful milestone on the way to
building a professional, active repository community. Over the course of
2008, DRIVER II will invite various stakeholders to support DRIVER in an
advisory capacity and to prepare the building of a Confederation, by
exploring models of and potential liaisons with, existing organisations
and initiatives (like SPARC, LIBER, the European Digital Library,
Alliance for Permanent Access, etc.).

On behalf of the DRIVER II Consortium, Dr Norbert Lossau, Scientific
Coordinator, has prepared a brief report on the Summit, available on the
DRIVER website and the following link:

The EC-funded DRIVER II project is leading the way as the largest
initiative of its kind in helping to enhance repository development
worldwide. Its main objective is to build a virtual, European scale
network of existing institutional repositories using technology that
will manage the physically distributed repositories as one large scale
virtual content source. For further information please go to the central
entry point of the DRIVER initiative:

[BOAI] Libraries, repositories and metric research evaluation (pre-print , free download)

From: "Armbruster, Chris" <Chris.Armbruster AT>
Date: Sat, 9 Feb 2008 07:48:39 +0100

Threading: [BOAI] Release of 1st DRIVER Summit report from Sophia.Jones AT
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This paper looks at possible additional functions of digital repositories and 


The growth and increasing complexity of global science poses a grand challenge 
to scientists: How to organise the worldwide evaluation of research programmes 
and peers? For the 21st century we need not just information on science, but 
also meta-level scientific information that is delivered to the digital 
workbench of every researcher. Access, usage and citation metrics will be one 
major information service that researchers will need on an everyday basis to 
handle the complexity of science.
Scientometrics has been built on centralised commercial databases of high 
functionality but restricted scope, mainly providing information that may be 
used for research assessment. 
Enter digital libraries and repositories: Can they collect reliable metadata at 
source, ensure universal metric coverage and defray costs?
This systematic appraisal of the future role of digital libraries and 
repositories for metric research evaluation proceeds by investigating the 
practical inadequacies of current metric evaluation before defining the scope 
for libraries and repositories as new players. Subsequently the notion of 
metrics as research information services is developed. Finally, the future 
relationship between a) libraries and repositories and b) metrics databases, 
commercial or non-commercial, is addressed.

Services reviewed include: Leiden Ranking, Webometrics Ranking of World 
Universities, COUNTER, MESUR, Harzing POP, CiteSeer, Citebase, RePEc LogEc and 
CitEc, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar.

Chris Armbruster

[BOAI] Harvard Open Access and the significant move of Copyright Retention

From: "Armbruster, Chris" <Chris.Armbruster AT>
Date: Wed, 13 Feb 2008 22:39:15 +0100

Threading: [BOAI] Release of 1st DRIVER Summit report from Sophia.Jones AT
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In a very interesting move, the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard 
University on 12 February 2008 not only adopted an open access mandate but also 
adopted the following

     [COPYRIGHT RETENTION POLICY] Each Faculty member grants to the
     President and Fellows of Harvard College permission to make available
     his or her scholarly articles and to exercise the copyright in those
     articles. In legal terms, the permission granted by each Faculty
     member is a nonexclusive, irrevocable, paid-up, worldwide license to
     exercise any and all rights under copyright relating to each of his
     or her scholarly articles, in any medium, and to authorize others
     to do the same, provided that the articles are not sold for a profit.

I am particularly interested to see the effects of this over the coming years. 
In an article written for the Yale A2K2 conference, I advocated that 
universities should take a more pro-active approach to copyright and that 
nonexclusive licensing was the optimal way to create a competitive market that 
is highly compatible with open access to scientific knowledge (OA2SK). For now, 
the Havard copyright retention policy enables opt-out on a case-by-case basis 
(in writing, to the Dean). The policy will be reviewed in three years. To date, 
I consider this the most optimal university policy.

The original pre-print of the Yale A2K2 paper (Winner of the A2K2 writing 
competition) is available here: 

"Cyberscience and the Knowledge-Based Economy, Open Access and Trade 
Publishing: from Contradiction to Compatibility with Nonexclusive Copyright 

The article was subsequently published in IJCLP: 

What is required of universities and governments, scholars and publishers, is 
to clear the way for digital innovations in knowledge distribution and 
scholarly publishing by enabling the emergence of a competitive market that is 
based on nonexclusive rights. This requires no change in the law but merely an 
end to the praxis of copyright transfer and exclusive licensing. The best way 
forward for research organisations, universities and scientists is the adoption 
of standard copyright licenses that reserve some rights, namely Attribution and 
No Derivative Works, but otherwise will allow for the unlimited reproduction, 
dissemination and re-use of the research article, commercial uses included.

Chris Armbruster

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