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[BOAI] On old traditions and new technologies: BOAI should step out of Oldenbourg?s long shadow
From: "Armbruster, Chris" <Chris.Armbruster AT EUI.eu>
On old traditions and new technologies: BOAI should step out of Oldenbourg’s ↵ long shadow “The willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their ↵ research … without payment” in conjunction with the internet will facilitate ↵ worldwide open access to knowledge – but only if we get it right. The technology and economics of the internet mean that the marginal costs of ↵ disseminating research articles are decreasingly rapidly. By comparison, the ↵ digital doubling of research articles by way of institutional repositories is ↵ cumbersome, time consuming and expensive. It needs to be mandated. And then ↵ policed… Why bother? OA advocates seem unable to step out of Oldenbourg’s long shadow. Some think ↵ that they must either archive all the peer-reviewed journals again in OA (in ↵ which case national licenses, implemented worldwide, would surely be cheaper ↵ and quicker in converting research articles into a public good) or else clone ↵ the traditional journal online but charge the author… Both solutions are neither creative nor adequate: they are fundamentally ↵ incompatible with the technology and economy of the internet. The WWW Galaxy ↵ means that dissemination is cheap and certification is expensive - a reversal ↵ of the premises of the Gutenberg Galaxy, in which peer review was cheap and ↵ printing costly. Surely, it is important to think through the consequences for open access to ↵ research articles? It seems amazing that OA advocates would go about ↵ re-erecting price barriers by ignoring the possibility of providing publishing ↵ services that are free to readers and authors – like ArXiv, SSRN, RePEc. Indeed, how do we justify author charges of USD 1000, 2000 or even 3000 per ↵ article when there is positive proof that open access to research articles may ↵ be had for USD 1, 2 or 3 per article? Chris Armbruster "Cyberscience and the Knowledge-based Economy, Open Access and Trade ↵ Publishing: From Contradiction to Compatibility with Nonexclusive Copyright ↵ Licensing" (October 2006). Available at SSRN: ↵ http://ssrn.com/abstract=938119 "Five Reasons to Promote Open Access and Five Roads to Accomplish it in ↵ Social and Cultural Science" (November 12, 2005). Available at SSRN: ↵ http://ssrn.com/abstract=846824 "Open Access in Social and Cultural Science: Innovative Moves to Enhance ↵ Access, Inclusion and Impact in Scholarly Communication" (November 15, ↵ 2005). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=849305
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