Budapest Open Access Initiative      

Budapest Open Access Initiative: BOAI Forum Archive

[BOAI] [Forum Home] [index] [prev] [next] [options] [help]

boaiforum messages

[BOAI] Netherlands Boycotting Elsevier to Sustain Bloat

From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum AT gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 7 Jul 2015 18:12:30 -0400


--001a11c24eb28285a9051a5051a9
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

Sander Dekker
<http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?serendipity%5Baction%5D=3Dsearch&s=
erendipity%5BsearchTerm%5D=3DDekker&serendipity%5BsearchButton%5D=3D%3E>,
Netherlands=E2=80=99 State Secretary for the Ministry of Education, Culture=
 and
Science wants Open Access and has set some deadlines for how soon he wants
it for Netherlands. That=E2=80=99s fine.

But the Netherlands' Sander Dekker, like the UK's Finch
<http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/1099-Dutch-Echoes-of-Fin=
ch-Fools-Gold-vs.-Fair-Gold.html>
Committee,
wants Gold Open Access.

That means Universities must pay Elsevier=E2=80=99s asking price for Gold O=
A.

Elsevier=E2=80=99s asking price is a price per article that will maintain
Elsevier's current total net subscription revenue.

Elsevier=E2=80=99s current total net subscription revenue is enormously blo=
ated =E2=80=94
not only by huge profit margins (c. 40%) but by obsolete product and
service costs forcibly co-bundled into the price (print edition, online
edition, access-provision, archiving).

The Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU)
<https://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/news/dutch-universities-urge-elsevi=
er-editors-resign-open-access-row>
has
a consortial Big Deal subscription with Elsevier, and they have said they
will continue to pay it if Netherlands authors can have Gold OA for their
articles at no extra charge.

This is basically trying to transform a bloated subscription deal into a
bloated Gold OA membership deal, rather like SCOAP3
<http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/937-SCOAP3-Gold-OA-Membe=
rship-Unnecessary,-Unscalable-Unsustainable.html>
.

The reasons this transformation cannot work globally are many, but locally
it can be made to work, for a while, by fiat, if VSNU collaborate and
Elsevier agrees.

And on the surface it is not obvious why Elsevier would not agree, since it
looks as if the deal would give Elsevier exactly what it wants: current
revenue levels per Elsevier article will be maintained, but with the
Netherlands paying its share not as subscriptions but as memberships
<http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/660-OA-McMemberships,-Di=
smemberment-and-MC-Escher.html>,
in exchange for Gold OA for Elsevier articles by Netherlands authors.

But what about the rest of the world? They continue paying subscriptions =
=E2=80=94
not just to Elsevier, but to all other publishers. And VSNU, too, must
continue paying subscriptions to all other publishers whose journals
Netherlands users need.

Would this local Netherlands solution be stable, sustainable and scalable?

The answer is that it would be none of these -- and *Elsevier knows that
perfectly well*. And that explains why they are not eager to make this
local Gold membership deal with VSNU (even though Springer
<http://www.springeropen.com/libraries> has been trying to encourage the
consortial Gold membership model for its subscribers) -- and why VSNU is
contemplating asking Elsevier editors at Netherlands institutions (and
eventually all Elsevier authors in Netherlands) to boycott Elsevier unless
Elsevier makes this transition to Gold

A Gold consortial membership model is unstable, unsustainable and
unscalable because memberships, like subscriptions, are *locally
cancellable* -- by an institution or a country -- and because there are
other (competing) publishers in the world.

And membership would be unstable and unsustainable even if the scalability
problem could be magically surmounted by a global =E2=80=9Cflip
<http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/421-SCOAP3-and-the-pre-e=
mptive-flip-model-for-Gold-OA-conversion.html>=E2=80=9D
in which all institutions on the planet and all publishers on the planet
solemnly agree jointly to go from their current subscriptions to Gold OA
memberships for all their journals with all their publishers at their
current subscription price *all on the same day.*

The very next day the system would destabilize, with cash-strapped
institutions cancelling their =E2=80=9Cmemberships=E2=80=9D to journals tha=
t their users
needed to use but in which their authors published little, preferring
instead to pay for publishing by the piece for the few articles they
publish in them.

This would in turn destabilize the sustainability of yesterday=E2=80=99s
subscription revenue streams via memberships, which would mean that
membership fees would have to increase for the non-defecting institutions
to sustain all publishers' net revenue, which would in turn mean that
institutions would be paying more for memberships than they had been paying
for subscriptions.

And the Global Consortial Gold Membership Deal (which is in reality a
global producer oligopoly
<http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/343616/1/PoynderVelt.pdf> sustained by a 
global
consumer consortium) would begin unravelling the moment it was =E2=80=9Cfli=
pped.=E2=80=9D

Trying instead to get there more gradually, institution by institution,
publisher by publisher, journal by journal rather than via a miraculous
global =E2=80=9Cflip=E2=80=9D instead destabilizes the scalability of the G=
old membership
model rather than just its sustainability. Institutions as well as
publishers would be participating in a multi-player prisoner's dilemma,
with defection always being the optimal choice.

But this also is the relevant point to recall that there is another way to
give and get OA, namely, Green OA self-archiving:

For institutions struggling with bloated, unaffordable journal subscription
prices, the far more natural route is to reduce subscriptions to just their
users' must-have journals and to mandate Green OA for their own publication
output, rather than to lock themselves into increasingly unaffordable
subscriptions in the form of membership fees in exchange for Gold OA for
their own institutional publication output.

*This, of course, is exactly why publishers are trying so hard to embargo
Green OA*: Not because the survival of refereed journals is at stake but in
order to hold publication hostage to either current bloated subscriptions
or bloated Gold OA fees that sustain the same net revenue either way they
are paid.

That way the bloated asking price price will never go down and the costs of
the obsolete products and services can continue to be forcibly co-bundled
into the asking price.

But publishers know perfectly well that they are fighting a battle that
they will ultimately lose, and that all they are doing now is doing
whatever they can to sustain their current revenue levels as long as
possible, with the vague hope that piece-wise Gold OA fees might continue
to sustain the bloat as unstable, unscalable and unsustainable consortial
"memberships" could not.

So publishers continue conning the likes of Sander Dekker into believing
that today's bloated Fool's Gold OA is the only way to have OA, and that
Green OA would destroy journals altogether, so it must be embargoed.

And VSNU thinks it is fighting the good fight by threatening another
embargo against Elsevier unless they agree to Fool's Gold consortial OA
membership for the Netherlands.

A stable, scalable, sustainable solution, of course, is within reach,
through a transition to affordable, unbloated Fair Gold induced by first
universally mandating and providing Green OA (there is even an antidote
<http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18511/> for publishers' embargoes on 
Green
OA) -- but neither Sander Dekker nor VSNU are grasping it.

Harnad, S. (2007) The Green Road to Open Access: A Leveraged Transition
<http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/13309/>. In: Anna Gacs. *The Culture of
Periodicals from the Perspective of the Electronic Age*. L'Harmattan.
99-106.

*______* (2010) No-Fault Peer Review Charges: The Price of Selectivity Need
Not Be Access Denied or Delayed
<http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july10/harnad/07harnad.html>. D-Lib Magazine 16
(7/8).

*______* (2013) The Postgutenberg Open Access Journal
<http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/353991/> (revised). In, Cope, B and Phillips, 
A
(eds.) The Future of the Academic Journal (2nd edition). 2nd edition of
book Chandos.

*______* (2014) The only way to make inflated journal subscriptions
unsustainable: Mandate Green Open Access
<http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2014/04/28/inflated-subscrip=
tions-unsustainable-harnad/>.
LSE Impact of Social Sciences Blog 4/28

Houghton, J. & Swan, A. (2013) Planting the Green Seeds for a Golden
Harvest: Comments and Clarifications on "Going for Gold".
<http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january13/houghton/01houghton.html> D-Lib
Magazine 19 (1/2).

Sale, A., Couture, M., Rodrigues, E., Carr, L. and Harnad, S. (2014) Open
Access Mandates and the "Fair Dealing" Button
<http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18511/>. In: *Dynamic Fair Dealing:
Creating Canadian Culture Online* (Rosemary J. Coombe & Darren Wershler,
Eds.)

Swan, Alma; Gargouri, Yassine; Hunt, Megan; & Harnad, Stevan (2015) Open
Access Policy: Numbers, Analysis, Effectiveness
<http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/375854/>. *Pasteur4OA Workpackage 3 Report*.

Vincent-Lamarre, Philippe, Boivin, Jade, Gargouri, Yassine, Larivi=C3=A8re,
Vincent and Harnad, Stevan (2015) Estimating Open Access Mandate
Effectiveness: I. The MELIBEA Score
<http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/370203/> JASIST,
in press.

--001a11c24eb28285a9051a5051a9
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

<div dir=3D"ltr"><a 
href=3D"http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?serendi=
pity%5Baction%5D=3Dsearch&amp;serendipity%5BsearchTerm%5D=3DDekker&amp;sere=
ndipity%5BsearchButton%5D=3D%3E" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Sander 
Dekker</a><span st=
yle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;f=
ont-size:13px">, Netherlands=E2=80=99 State Secretary for the Ministry 
of E=
ducation, Culture and Science wants Open Access and has set some deadlines =
for how soon he wants it for Netherlands. That=E2=80=99s 
fine.</span><br st=
yle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;f=
ont-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,h=
elvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font=
-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">But the 
Netherla=
nds&#39; Sander Dekker, like the UK&#39;s=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://ope=
naccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/1099-Dutch-Echoes-of-Finch-Fools-Go=
ld-vs.-Fair-Gold.html" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Finch</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(5=
1,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=
=A0Committee, wants Gold Open Access.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,he=
lvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">That means Universities must pay 
Elsevie=
r=E2=80=99s asking price for Gold OA.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,he=
lvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Elsevier=E2=80=99s asking price is a 
pri=
ce per article that will maintain Elsevier&#39;s current total net 
subscrip=
tion revenue.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ar=
ial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);f=
ont-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">Elsevier=E2=80=99s current total net subscription revenue 
is en=
ormously bloated =E2=80=94 not only by huge profit margins (c. 40%) but by =
obsolete product and service costs forcibly co-bundled into the price (prin=
t edition, online edition, access-provision, archiving).</span><br 
style=3D=
"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helveti=
ca,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-famil=
y:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The</span><a href=3D"h=
ttps://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/news/dutch-universities-urge-elsevier=
-editors-resign-open-access-row" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0Association of 
Univ=
ersities in the Netherlands (VSNU)</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fo=
nt-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0has 
a co=
nsortial Big Deal subscription with Elsevier, and they have said they will =
continue to pay it if Netherlands authors can have Gold OA for their articl=
es at no extra charge.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51=
,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><spa=
n 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">This is basically trying to transform a bloated 
subscrip=
tion deal into a bloated Gold OA membership deal, rather 
like=C2=A0</span><=
a 
href=3D"http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/937-SCOAP3-Gold=
-OA-Membership-Unnecessary,-Unscalable-Unsustainable.html" 
style=3D"color:r=
gb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"=
>SCOAP3</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,hel=
vetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);=
font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D=
"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helve=
tica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The reasons this transformation cannot 
work=
 globally are many, but locally it can be made to work, for a while, by fia=
t, if VSNU collaborate and Elsevier agrees.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51=
,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br =
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">And on the surface it is not 
obviou=
s why Elsevier would not agree, since it looks as if the deal would give El=
sevier exactly what it wants: current revenue levels per Elsevier article w=
ill be maintained, but with the Netherlands paying its share not as subscri=
ptions but as=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.ph=
p?/archives/660-OA-McMemberships,-Dismemberment-and-MC-Escher.html" style=
=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">memberships</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">, in exchange for 
Gold OA=
 for Elsevier articles by Netherlands authors.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb=
(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><=
br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-se=
rif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,=
arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">But what about the rest of 
the w=
orld? They continue paying subscriptions =E2=80=94 not just to Elsevier, bu=
t to all other publishers. And VSNU, too, must continue paying subscription=
s to all other publishers whose journals Netherlands users 
need.</span><br =
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial=
,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fo=
nt-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Would this 
loc=
al Netherlands solution be stable, sustainable and scalable?</span><br 
styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,hel=
vetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-f=
amily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The answer is 
that=
 it would be none of these -- and=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,=
51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Elsevier=
 knows that perfectly well</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fami=
ly:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">. And that 
explains w=
hy they are not eager to make this local Gold membership deal with VSNU (ev=
en though=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://www.springeropen.com/libraries" sty=
le=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fo=
nt-size:13px">Springer</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ve=
rdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0has been trying 
to e=
ncourage the consortial Gold membership model for its subscribers) -- and w=
hy VSNU is contemplating asking Elsevier editors at Netherlands institution=
s (and eventually all Elsevier authors in Netherlands) to boycott Elsevier =
unless Elsevier makes this transition to Gold</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><b=
r 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">A Gold consortial membership 
mode=
l is unstable, unsustainable and unscalable because memberships, like subsc=
riptions, are=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">locally 
cancellable</em><spa=
n 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">=C2=A0-- by an institution or a country -- and 
because t=
here are other (competing) publishers in the world.</span><br 
style=3D"colo=
r:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13=
px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ver=
dana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">And membership would be 
uns=
table and unsustainable even if the scalability problem could be magically =
surmounted by a global =E2=80=9C</span><a 
href=3D"http://openaccess.eprints=
.org/index.php?/archives/421-SCOAP3-and-the-pre-emptive-flip-model-for-Gold=
-OA-conversion.html" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial=
,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">flip</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,5=
1,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=E2=80=
=9D in which all institutions on the planet and all publishers on the plane=
t solemnly agree jointly to go from their current subscriptions to Gold OA =
memberships for all their journals with all their publishers at their curre=
nt subscription price=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fam=
ily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">all on the same 
day.=
</em><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,s=
ans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,=
51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The v=
ery next day the system would destabilize, with cash-strapped institutions =
cancelling their =E2=80=9Cmemberships=E2=80=9D to journals that their users=
 needed to use but in which their authors published little, preferring inst=
ead to pay for publishing by the piece for the few articles they publish in=
 them.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,hel=
vetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fam=
ily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x">This would in turn destabilize the sustainability of 
yesterday=E2=80=99s=
 subscription revenue streams via memberships, which would mean that member=
ship fees would have to increase for the non-defecting institutions to sust=
ain all publishers&#39; net revenue, which would in turn mean that 
institut=
ions would be paying more for memberships than they had been paying for sub=
scriptions.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,aria=
l,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fon=
t-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"=
color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-siz=
e:13px">And the Global Consortial Gold Membership Deal (which is in 
reality=
 a global producer=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/343616=
/1/PoynderVelt.pdf" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,=
helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">oligopoly</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=
=C2=A0sustained by a global consumer consortium) would begin unravelling th=
e moment it was =E2=80=9Cflipped.=E2=80=9D</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,=
51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br s=
tyle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;=
font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,aria=
l,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Trying instead to get there more 
gra=
dually, institution by institution, publisher by publisher, journal by jour=
nal rather than via a miraculous global =E2=80=9Cflip=E2=80=9D instead dest=
abilizes the scalability of the Gold membership model rather than just its =
sustainability. Institutions as well as publishers would be participating i=
n a multi-player prisoner&#39;s dilemma, with defection always being the 
op=
timal choice.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ar=
ial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);f=
ont-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">But this also is the relevant point to recall that there is 
ano=
ther way to give and get OA, namely, Green OA 
self-archiving:</span><br sty=
le=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fo=
nt-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,he=
lvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-=
family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">For 
institutions =
struggling with bloated, unaffordable journal subscription prices, the far =
more natural route is to reduce subscriptions to just their users&#39; 
must=
-have journals and to mandate Green OA for their own publication output, ra=
ther than to lock themselves into increasingly unaffordable subscriptions i=
n the form of membership fees in exchange for Gold OA for their own institu=
tional publication output.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fami=
ly:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rg=
b(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=
<em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px">This, of course, is exactly why publishers are 
trying =
so hard to embargo Green OA</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fam=
ily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">: Not because 
the su=
rvival of refereed journals is at stake but in order to hold publication ho=
stage to either current bloated subscriptions or bloated Gold OA fees that =
sustain the same net revenue either way they are paid.</span><br 
style=3D"c=
olor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size=
:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:=
verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">That way the bloated 
ask=
ing price price will never go down and the costs of the obsolete products a=
nd services can continue to be forcibly co-bundled into the asking price.</=
span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,s=
ans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,=
51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">But p=
ublishers know perfectly well that they are fighting a battle that they wil=
l ultimately lose, and that all they are doing now is doing whatever they c=
an to sustain their current revenue levels as long as possible, with the va=
gue hope that piece-wise Gold OA fees might continue to sustain the bloat a=
s unstable, unscalable and unsustainable consortial 
&quot;memberships&quot;=
 could not.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,aria=
l,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fon=
t-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"=
color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-siz=
e:13px">So publishers continue conning the likes of Sander Dekker into 
beli=
eving that today&#39;s bloated Fool&#39;s Gold OA is the only way to 
have O=
A, and that Green OA would destroy journals altogether, so it must be embar=
goed.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helv=
etica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fami=
ly:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:=
rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
">And VSNU thinks it is fighting the good fight by threatening another 
emba=
rgo against Elsevier unless they agree to Fool&#39;s Gold consortial OA 
mem=
bership for the Netherlands.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:=
rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:13px">A stable, scalable, sustainable solution, of 
cours=
e, is within reach, through a transition to affordable, unbloated Fair Gold=
 induced by first universally mandating and providing Green OA (there is ev=
en an=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18511/" style=
=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">antidote</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0for 
publishers&#39; em=
bargoes on Green OA) -- but neither Sander Dekker nor VSNU are grasping it.=
</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ve=
rdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(5=
1,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Har=
nad, S. (2007)=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/13309/=
" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">The Green Road to Open Access: A Leveraged 
Transition</a=
><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,san=
s-serif;font-size:13px">. In: Anna Gacs.=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb=
(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">T=
he Culture of Periodicals from the Perspective of the Electronic 
Age</em><s=
pan 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px">. L&#39;Harmattan. 
99-106.=C2=A0</span><br style=3D"co=
lor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:=
13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,=
sans-serif;font-size:13px"><u 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">______</u><span 
style=3D"col=
or:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:1=
3px">=C2=A0(2010)=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july10/ha=
rnad/07harnad.html" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,=
helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">No-Fault Peer Review Charges: The 
Pric=
e of Selectivity Need Not Be Access Denied or Delayed</a><span 
style=3D"col=
or:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:1=
3px">. D-Lib Magazine 16 (7/8).=C2=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px"><u 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helve=
tica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">______</u><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0(201=
3)=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/353991/" style=3D"colo=
r:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13=
px">The Postgutenberg Open Access Journal</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51=
,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0(=
revised). In, Cope, B and Phillips, A (eds.) The Future of the Academic Jou=
rnal (2nd edition). 2nd edition of book Chandos.=C2=A0</span><br 
style=3D"c=
olor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size=
:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><u 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ver=
dana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">______</u><span style=3D"co=
lor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:=
13px">=C2=A0(2014)=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofso=
cialsciences/2014/04/28/inflated-subscriptions-unsustainable-harnad/" 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">The only way to make inflated journal subscriptions 
unsustainab=
le: Mandate Green Open Access</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">. LSE Impact of 
Soc=
ial Sciences Blog 4/28=C2=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:=
rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:13px">Houghton, J. &amp; Swan, A. 
(2013)=C2=A0</span><a =
href=3D"http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january13/houghton/01houghton.html" 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">Planting the Green Seeds for a Golden Harvest: Comments and 
Cla=
rifications on &quot;Going for Gold&quot;.</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,5=
1,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0=
D-Lib Magazine 19 (1/2).</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family=
:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><s=
pan 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px">Sale, A., Couture, M., Rodrigues, E., Carr, L. and 
Har=
nad, S. (2014)=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18511/=
" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">Open Access Mandates and the &quot;Fair 
Dealing&quot; Bu=
tton</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvet=
ica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">. In:=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,=
51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Dynam=
ic Fair Dealing: Creating Canadian Culture Online</em><span 
style=3D"color:=
rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
">=C2=A0(Rosemary J. Coombe &amp; Darren Wershler, 
Eds.)=C2=A0</span><br st=
yle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;f=
ont-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,h=
elvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font=
-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Swan, Alma; 
Garg=
ouri, Yassine; Hunt, Megan; &amp; Harnad, Stevan 
(2015)=C2=A0</span><a href=
=3D"http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/375854/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-f=
amily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Open Access 
Policy=
: Numbers, Analysis, Effectiveness</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fo=
nt-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">.=C2=A0</span>=
<em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px">Pasteur4OA Workpackage 3 Report</em><span 
style=3D"col=
or:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:1=
3px">.=C2=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fo=
nt-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D=
"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px">Vincent-Lamarre, Philippe, Boivin, Jade, Gargouri, Yassine, 
Larivi=
=C3=A8re, Vincent and Harnad, Stevan (2015)=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://e=
prints.soton.ac.uk/370203/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdan=
a,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Estimating Open Access 
Mandate=
 Effectiveness: I. The MELIBEA Score</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);=
font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0JASIST=
, in press.</span><br></div>

--001a11c24eb28285a9051a5051a9--

        
--      
To unsubscribe from the BOAI Forum, use the form on this page:
http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/boai-forum

[BOAI] [Forum Home] [index] [prev] [next] [options] [help]

 E-mail:  openaccess@soros.org .