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[BOAI] DOE: The Importance of Requiring Institutional Repository Deposit Immediately Upon Acceptance for Publication

From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum AT gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 5 Aug 2014 09:26:24 -0400


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*THE DOE OA POLICY* <http://www.osti.gov/PublicAccess/>

A peer-reviewed journal article is either *accessible* to all its potential
users or it is *not accessible* to all its potential users =E2=80=94 only t=
o those
at subscribing institutions.

Open Access (OA) is intended to make articles accessible (online) to all
their potential users, not just to subscribers, so all potential users can
read, use, apply and build upon the findings.

OA comes in two forms
<http://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2008/08/greengold-oa-and-gratislibre=
-oa.html>
:

*Gratis OA* means an article is accessible online to all its potential
users.

*Libre OA* means an article is accessible online to all its potential users
*and* all users also have certain re-use rights, such as text-mining by
machine, and re-publication.

For individual researchers and for the general public the most important
and urgent form of OA is Gratis OA.

The reason Gratis OA is so important is that otherwise the research is
inaccessible except to subscribers: OA maximizes
<http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html> research uptake, usage,
applications, impact and progress.

The reason Gratis OA is so urgent is that lost research access means lost
research impact and progress. The downloads and citations of papers made OA
later never catch up <http://arxiv.org/vc/arxiv/papers/0906/0906.5418v1.pdf=
>
 with those of papers made OA immediately:

Gentil-Beccot, A., Mele, S., & Brooks, T. C. (2010). Citing and reading
behaviours in high-energy physics
<http://arxiv.org/vc/arxiv/papers/0906/0906.5418v1.pdf>: 
*Scientometrics*,
84(2), 345-355.

*The date when a peer-reviewed paper is ready to be made OA is the date
when the final, peer-reviewed draft is accepted for pubication.*

Sometimes there can be delays of months between the date of acceptance and
the date of publication of the pubisher=E2=80=99s version of record (VOR).

And some (a minority
<http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/statistics.php?la=3Den&fIDnum=3D|&mode=3Dsim=
ple>)
of publishers have imposed embargoes of up to 12 months from the date of
publication before authors can make their articles OA.

The delay from acceptance to publication, and the delay from publication
till the end of any OA embargo all add up tp lost research access, uptake,
usage, applications and progress.

DOE and OSTI <http://www.osti.gov/PublicAccess/> have been directed by 
OSTP
<http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/ostp_public_=
access_memo_2013.pdf>
 to adopt a policy that ensures that OA is provided to federally funded
research =E2=80=94*by 12 months after the date of publication at the very l=
atest*.

This is *not* a mandate to adopt a policy that ensures that OA is provided
"at the very latest possible date."

Yet that is what DOE has done =E2=80=94 no doubt under the influence
<http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/1027-Revealing-Dialogue-=
on-CHORUS-with-David-Wojick,-OSTI-Consultant.html>
 of the publishing industry lobby
<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%2=
0archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg=
&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&q=3D(publishing+OR+publisher)+lobby+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess=
.eprints.org%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
.

The interests of research and researchers -- and hence of the public that
funds the research -- are that the research should be made OA as soon as
possible.

The interests of (some of) the publishing industry are that it should be
made OA as late as possible
<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%2=
0archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg=
&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&q=3Dembargo+OR+embargoes+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.or=
g%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
.

The DOA has adopted a policy that serves the interests of the publishing
industry rather than those of research, researchers and the tax-paying
public.

The simplest remedy for this is *not* necessarily that the permissible OA
embargo length needs to be reduced (though that would be extremely welcome
and beneficial too!).

Even within the constraints of a permissible OA embargo of 12 months at the
very latest, there is a simple way
<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%2=
0archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg=
&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+mandate+blogurl:http:%2F%2Fopenaccess.epr=
ints.org%2F+-ignore&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
 to make the DOE policy much more powerful and effective, guaranteeing much
more and earlier access.

All that has to be done is to make immediate deposit of the author=E2=80=99=
s final,
peer-reviewed draft, in the author=E2=80=99s institutional repository, mand=
atory
immediately upon acceptance.

Not just the metadata: the full final draft.

If the author wishes to comply with a publisher OA embargo, the deposit
need not be made OA immediately.

Institutional repositories have an automated copy-request Button
<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%2=
0archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg=
&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&q=3DButton+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F+&safe=3Da=
ctive&tbm=3Dblg>
 with which a user can request a single copy for research purposes, and the
author can comply with the request, with just one click each.

This is not OA, but it is almost-OA
<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%2=
0archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg=
&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&q=3D%22almost-OA%22+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F+=
&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>,
and it is all that is needed to maximize research access, usage and
progress during any permissible OA embargo.

And besides maximizing access during any permissible OA embargo, requiring
immediate institutional deposit also mobilizes institutions to monitor and
ensure timely compliance
<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%2=
0archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg=
&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&q=3Dinstitutions+monitor+compliance+blogurl:http:%2F%2Fopenaccess.epr=
ints.org%2F+&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
 with the funding agency=E2=80=99s requirement.
The metadata for the deposit can be exported
<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%2=
0archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg=
&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&q=3Drepository+export+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&safe=3Da=
ctive&tbas=3D0&tbm=3Dblg>
 from each institutional repository to the DOE PAGES portal
<http://www.osti.gov/pages/> immediately, and then the portal, too (like
google and google scholar), can immediately begin referring users back to
the Button at the institution so the author can provide almost-OA with a
single click until the end of any embargo.

There is no need whatsoever to wait either for the publisher=E2=80=99s VOR,=
 or for
the end of the publisher=E2=80=99s embargo, or for Libre OA re-use rights: =
those
can come when they come.

But immediate institutional deposit needs to be mandated immediately.

Otherwise the DOE is needlessly squandering months and months of potential
research uptake, usage and progress for federally funded research.

Please harmonize the DOE OA policy <http://www.osti.gov/PublicAccess/> 
with
the corresponding EU <http://roarmap.eprints.org/987/> OA policy, as well
as the HEFCE <http://roarmap.eprints.org/834/> OA policy in the UK, the 
FRS
<http://roarmap.eprints.org/850/> OA policy in Belgium, and a growing
number of institutional OA policies <http://roarmap.eprints.org/> the 
world
over.

*Stevan Harnad*

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<div dir=3D"ltr"><div><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdan=
a,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><a 
href=3D"http://www.osti.gov=
/PublicAccess/"><b>THE DOE OA 
POLICY</b></a></span></div><div><span style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px"><br>
</span></div><div><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ar=
ial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">A peer-reviewed journal 
article is=
 either=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ar=
ial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">accessible</em><span 
style=3D"colo=
r:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13=
px">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">to all its potential users or 
it is=
</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helveti=
ca,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51)=
;font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">not 
accessi=
ble</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvet=
ica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0to all its potential users 
=E2=80=94 o=
nly to those at subscribing institutions.</span><br>
</div><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,=
sans-serif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Open Access (OA) is 
inten=
ded to make articles accessible (online) to all their potential users, not =
just to subscribers, so all potential users can read, use, apply and build =
upon the findings.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verda=
na,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">OA comes 
in</span><span style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2=
008/08/greengold-oa-and-gratislibre-oa.html" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);f=
ont-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">two 
forms</a>=
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">:</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fami=
ly:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><br styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Gratis OA</em><span 
style=3D"colo=
r:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13=
px">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">means an article is accessible 
onli=
ne to all its potential users.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-=
family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Libre OA</em><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,aria=
l,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">means an article is accessible 
onlin=
e to all its potential users</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-=
family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><em =
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px">and</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ver=
dana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span style=3D=
"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px">all users also have certain re-use rights, such as text-mining 
by =
machine, and re-publication.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">For individual researchers 
and =
for the general public the most important and urgent form of OA is Gratis O=
A.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helveti=
ca,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The reason Gratis OA is so 
impo=
rtant is that otherwise the research is inaccessible except to subscribers:=
 OA</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helv=
etica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://opcit.eprin=
ts.org/oacitation-biblio.html" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:ver=
dana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">maximizes</a><span style=3D=
"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdan=
a,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">research uptake, usage, 
applic=
ations, impact and progress.</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-=
family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><br =
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The reason Gratis OA is so 
urge=
nt is that lost research access means lost research impact and progress. Th=
e downloads and citations of papers made OA later</span><span 
style=3D"colo=
r:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13=
px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://arxiv.org/vc/arxiv/papers/0906/0906.5418=
v1.pdf" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:13px">never catch up</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,5=
1);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</s=
pan><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,=
sans-serif;font-size:13px">with those of papers made OA 
immediately:</span>=
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Gentil-Beccot, A., Mele, 
S., &a=
mp; Brooks, T. C. (2010).=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://arxiv.org/vc/arxiv/=
papers/0906/0906.5418v1.pdf" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verda=
na,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Citing and reading 
behaviours=
 in high-energy physics</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">:</span><span style=3D"co=
lor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:=
13px">=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Scientometrics</em><span style=3D"c=
olor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size=
:13px">, 84(2), 345-355.</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fami=
ly:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><br styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The date when a peer-reviewed 
pap=
er is ready to be made OA is=C2=A0<em>the date when the final, 
peer-reviewe=
d draft is accepted for pubication</em>.</em><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,5=
1);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Sometimes there can be 
delays o=
f months between the date of acceptance and the date of publication of the =
pubisher=E2=80=99s version of record (VOR).</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51=
,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">And some 
(</span><a href=3D"htt=
p://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/statistics.php?la=3Den&amp;fIDnum=3D|&amp;mode=
=3Dsimple" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px">a minority</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">) of 
publi=
shers have imposed embargoes of up to 12 months from the date of publicatio=
n before authors can make their articles OA.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(5=
1,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The delay from acceptance 
to pu=
blication, and the delay from publication till the end of any OA embargo al=
l add up tp lost research access, uptake, usage, applications and progress.=
</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><a 
href=3D"http://www.osti.gov/PublicAccess/" style=3D=
"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px">DOE and OSTI</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ver=
dana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span style=3D=
"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px">have been</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ver=
dana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a href=3D"htt=
p://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/ostp_public_acce=
ss_memo_2013.pdf" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,he=
lvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">directed by OSTP</a><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,aria=
l,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">to adopt a policy that ensures 
that =
OA is provided to federally funded research =E2=80=94</span><em 
style=3D"co=
lor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:=
13px">by 12 months after the date of publication at the very 
latest</em><sp=
an 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-se=
rif;font-size:13px">.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ve=
rdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">This 
is</span><span style=3D"co=
lor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:=
13px">=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">not</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51=
,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=
=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helv=
etica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">a mandate to adopt a policy that 
ensures t=
hat OA is provided &quot;at the very latest possible 
date.&quot;</span><br =
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Yet that is what DOE has 
done =
=E2=80=94 no doubt under the</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-=
family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a h=
ref=3D"http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/1027-Revealing-Dia=
logue-on-CHORUS-with-David-Wojick,-OSTI-Consultant.html" 
style=3D"color:rgb=
(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">i=
nfluence</a>=C2=A0<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ar=
ial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">of the</span><span 
style=3D"color:=
rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&am=
p;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.=
eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp=
;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;q=
=3D(publishing+OR+publisher)+lobby+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprint=
s.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font=
-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">publishing 
indus=
try lobby</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,h=
elvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The interests of research 
and r=
esearchers -- and hence of the public that funds the research -- are that t=
he research should be made OA as soon as possible.</span><br 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The interests of (some of) 
the =
publishing industry are that it should be made OA</span><span 
style=3D"colo=
r:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13=
px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&=
amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openacces=
s.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&a=
mp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp=
;q=3Dembargo+OR+embargoes+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&=
amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">as late as 
possible</a><s=
pan 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px">.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The DOA has adopted a 
policy th=
at serves the interests of the publishing industry rather than those of res=
earch, researchers and the tax-paying public.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The simplest remedy for 
this is=
</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helveti=
ca,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51)=
;font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">not</em><sp=
an 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-se=
rif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">necessarily 
that th=
e permissible OA embargo length needs to be reduced (though that would be e=
xtremely welcome and beneficial too!).</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51=
,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0<=
/span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,=
sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Even within the constraints 
of =
a permissible OA embargo of 12 months at the very latest, there is 
a</span>=
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search=
?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogu=
rl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqd=
r:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=
=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+mandate+blogurl:http:%2F%2=
Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F+-ignore&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" style=
=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">simple way</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ve=
rdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">to make the DOE policy much more powerful and effective, 
guaran=
teeing much more and earlier access.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51)=
;font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">All that has to be done is 
to m=
ake immediate deposit of the author=E2=80=99s final, peer-reviewed draft, i=
n the author=E2=80=99s institutional repository, mandatory immediately upon=
 acceptance.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Not just the metadata: the 
full=
 final draft.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ar=
ial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">If the author wishes to 
comply =
with a publisher OA embargo, the deposit need not be made OA immediately.</=
span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,s=
ans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Institutional repositories 
have=
 an automated</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,=
arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://=
www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20=
archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tb=
m=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;=
gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;q=3DButton+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fo=
penaccess.eprints.org%2F+&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:r=
gb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"=
>copy-request Button</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span style=3D"=
color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-siz=
e:13px">with which a user can request a single copy for research 
purposes, =
and the author can comply with the request, with just one click each.</span=
><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,san=
s-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-=
family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">This is not OA, but it 
is</span=
><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,san=
s-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/searc=
h?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blog=
url:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dq=
dr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=
=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;q=3D%22almost-OA%22+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.=
eprints.org%2F+&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,10=
2);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">almost-OA=
</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,=
sans-serif;font-size:13px">, and it is all that is needed to maximize 
resea=
rch access, usage and progress during any permissible OA 
embargo.</span><br=
 style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-seri=
f;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">And besides maximizing 
access d=
uring any permissible OA embargo, requiring immediate institutional deposit=
 also mobilizes institutions to</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fo=
nt-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><=
a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20O=
R%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp=
;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;=
safe=3Dactive&amp;gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;q=3Dinstitutions+=
monitor+compliance+blogurl:http:%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F+&amp;safe=
=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">monitor and ensure timely 
complia=
nce</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helveti=
ca,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,5=
1);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">with 
the =
funding agency=E2=80=99s requirement.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">The metadata for the deposit can 
be</span><span styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&a=
mp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://=
openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;nu=
m=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=
=3Den&amp;q=3Drepository+export+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;=
safe=3Dactive&amp;tbas=3D0&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font=
-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">exported</a><spa=
n 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fam=
ily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">from each 
institutio=
nal repository to the</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:=
verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a href=3D"=
http://www.osti.gov/pages/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdan=
a,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">DOE PAGES 
portal</a><span styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ve=
rdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">immediately, and then 
the =
portal, too (like google and google scholar), can immediately begin referri=
ng users back to the Button at the institution so the author can provide al=
most-OA with a single click until the end of any embargo.</span><br 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">There is no need whatsoever 
to =
wait either for the publisher=E2=80=99s VOR, or for the end of the publishe=
r=E2=80=99s embargo, or for Libre OA re-use rights: those can come when the=
y come.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,he=
lvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">But immediate institutional 
dep=
osit needs to be mandated immediately.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,5=
1);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Otherwise the DOE is 
needlessly=
 squandering months and months of potential research uptake, usage and prog=
ress for federally funded research.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);=
font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Please harmonize 
the</span><spa=
n 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://www.osti.gov/PublicAccess=
/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-se=
rif;font-size:13px">DOE OA policy</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fon=
t-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><s=
pan 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px">with the corresponding</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=
=C2=A0</span><a href=3D"http://roarmap.eprints.org/987/" 
style=3D"color:rgb=
(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">E=
U</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51)=
;font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">OA 
policy, =
as well as the</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://=
roarmap.eprints.org/834/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,=
arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">HEFCE</a><span 
style=3D"color:rg=
b(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=
=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,h=
elvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">OA policy in the UK, 
the</span><span st=
yle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;f=
ont-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://roarmap.eprints.org/850/" sty=
le=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fo=
nt-size:13px">FRS</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span 
style=3D"col=
or:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:1=
3px">OA policy in Belgium, and a growing number of</span><span 
style=3D"col=
or:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:1=
3px">=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://roarmap.eprints.org/" style=3D"color:rg=
b(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=
institutional OA policies</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family=
:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0</span><span styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px">the world over.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><strong 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verda=
na,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Stevan 
Harnad</strong><br></d=
iv>

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