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[BOAI] Re: [GOAL] The Open Access Interviews: Deputy Director General of the Bureau of Policy at the National Natural Science Foundation of China

From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum AT gmail.com>
Date: Thu, 19 Jun 2014 07:03:54 -0400


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The two Chinese OA Mandates
<http://poynder.blogspot.co.uk/2014/06/the-open-access-interviews-deputy.ht=
ml>
 (NSFC <http://roarmap.eprints.org/1080/> and CAS
<http://roarmap.eprints.org/1079/>) came fast (2014), but the possibility
of complying with them is coming slowly (no repository till 2016).

In addition, articles need not be deposited until 12 months after
publication.

In most fields, especially the fast-moving sciences, the benefits of Open
Access (maximised uptake, usage, impact and progress) are biggest and most
important within the first year of publicatio
<http://slac.stanford.edu/pubs/slacpubs/13500/slac-pub-13693.pdf>n. That 
is
the growth tip of research. *Access losses in the first year are never
fully caught up in later years*. The iron needs to be struck when it is hot=
.

There are two very simple steps that China can take to minimise the
needless loss of research uptake, usage and impact because of lost time:

(1) China should set up the repositories immediately, using the available
free softwares such as EPrints <http://www.eprints.org/> and DSpace
<http://www.dspace.org/>. It requires only a server and a few hours worth
of set-up time and the repository is ready for deposits. There is no reason
whatsoever to wait two years. It would also be sensible to have distributed
local repositories
<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%2=
0archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg=
&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dcentral+institutional+deposit+blogurl:http:%2F%2Fopenaccess=
.eprints.org%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
=E2=80=94
at universities and research institutions =E2=80=94 rather than just one ce=
ntral
one. Each institution can easily set up its own repository. All
repositories are interoperable and if and when desired, their contents can
be automatically exported to or harvested by central repositories.

(2) Although an OA embargo of 12 months is allowed, China should mandate
that deposit itself must be immediate
<https://www.google.ca/search?lr=3D&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&hl=3Den&tbm=3D=
blg&sclient=3Dpsy-ab&q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http:%2F%2Fopenacc=
ess.eprints.org%2F&oq=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http:%2F%2Fopenacce=
ss.eprints.org%2F&gs_l=3Dserp.3...362811.367408.2.369372.19.12.0.0.0.0.0.0.=
.0.0....0...1c.1.47.psy-ab..54.0.0.YrpglCnJKDk&pbx=3D1&bav=3Don.2,or.r_cp.r=
_qf.&bvm=3Dbv.69137298%2Cd.aWw%2Cpv.xjs.s.en_US.zU3ZnWRgvtc.O&biw=3D1133&bi=
h=3D790&dpr=3D1&ech=3D1&psi=3DdWyhU_a8O4mvyAT6voHwAQ.1403087990985.9&ei=3D1=
GyhU9DmIMuRyAShioGoCQ&emsg=3DNCSR&noj=3D1>(immediately
upon acceptance for publication). Access to the deposit can be set as
closed access instead of OA during the embargo if desired, but EPrints
<http://wiki.eprints.org/w/RequestEprint> and DSpace
<https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/DSDOC4x/Request+a+Copy#RequestaCopy-Int=
roduction>
repositories
have the =E2=80=9CRequest-Copy=E2=80=9D Button
<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%2=
0archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg=
&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive&gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&lr=3D&q=3DButton+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&saf=
e=3Dactive&tbas=3D0&tbm=3Dblg>
for
closed-access deposits so that individual users can request and authors can
provide an individual copy for research purposes with one click each. The
repository automatically emails the copy if the author clicks Yes.

Stevan Harnad


On Wed, Jun 18, 2014 at 5:04 AM, Richard Poynder <
richard.poynder AT btinternet.com> wrote:

> On May 15 both the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the National
> Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) announced new open access
> policies.
>
>
>
> Both funders=E2=80=99 policies require that all papers resulting from fun=
ded
> projects must be deposited in online repositories and made publicly
> accessible within 12 months of publication =E2=80=94 a model pioneered by=
 the US
> National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 2008, when it introduced its
> influential Public Access Policy.
>
>
>
> As a result of the new Chinese policies there will be a significant
> increase in the number of research papers freely available, not least
> because it comes at a time when the number of papers published by Chinese
> researchers is growing rapidly. In reporting news of the policies, Nature
> indicated that Chinese research output has grown from 48,000 articles in
> 2003, or 5.6% of the global total, to more than 186,000 articles in 2012,
> or 13.9%.
>
>
>
> Of the latter figure, more than 100,000 papers, or 55.2% of Chinese ouput=
,
> involved some funding from the NSFC.
>
>
>
> A Q&A conducted by email with Prof. Yonghe Zheng, Deputy Director 
General
> of the Bureau of Policy, NSFC can be viewed here:
>
>
>
>
> http://poynder.blogspot.co.uk/2014/06/the-open-access-interviews-deputy.h=
tml
>
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> GOAL mailing list
> GOAL AT eprints.org
> http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/goal
>
>

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<div dir=3D"ltr"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://p=
oynder.blogspot.co.uk/2014/06/the-open-access-interviews-deputy.html" 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">two Chinese OA Mandates</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);f=
ont-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0(</span=
><a href=3D"http://roarmap.eprints.org/1080/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);=
font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">NSFC</a><spa=
n 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">=C2=A0and=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://roarmap.eprints.=
org/1079/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px">CAS</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-=
family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">) came fast 
(2014=
), but the possibility of complying with them is coming slowly (no reposito=
ry till 2016).</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">In addition, articles need 
not =
be deposited until 12 months after publication.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rg=
b(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">In most fields, especially 
the =
fast-moving sciences, the benefits of Open Access (maximised uptake, usage,=
 impact and progress) are biggest and most important=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D=
"http://slac.stanford.edu/pubs/slacpubs/13500/slac-pub-13693.pdf" 
style=3D"=
color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-siz=
e:13px">within the first year of publicatio</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,=
51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">n. Th=
at is the growth tip of research.=C2=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,=
51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Access l=
osses in the first year are never fully caught up in later 
years</em><span =
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px">. The iron needs to be struck when it is 
hot.</span><br st=
yle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;f=
ont-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">There are two very simple 
steps=
 that China can take to minimise the needless loss of research uptake, usag=
e and impact because of lost time:</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);f=
ont-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(1) China should set up the 
rep=
ositories immediately, using the available free softwares such as=C2=A0</sp=
an><a href=3D"http://www.eprints.org/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">EPrints</a><span st=
yle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;f=
ont-size:13px">=C2=A0and=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://www.dspace.org/" sty=
le=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fo=
nt-size:13px">DSpace</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">. It requires only a 
server =
and a few hours worth of set-up time and the repository is ready for deposi=
ts. There is no reason whatsoever to wait two years. It would also be sensi=
ble to have=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp=
;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://op=
enaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=
=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=
=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dcentral+institutional+deposit+blogurl:http:%2F%2Fop=
enaccess.eprints.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb=
(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">d=
istributed local repositories</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=C2=A0=E2=80=94 
at =
universities and research institutions =E2=80=94 rather than just one centr=
al one. Each institution can easily set up its own repository. All reposito=
ries are interoperable and if and when desired, their contents can be autom=
atically exported to or harvested by central repositories.</span><br 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(2) Although an OA embargo 
of 1=
2 months is allowed, China should mandate that deposit itself must be=C2=A0=
</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?lr=3D&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;saf=
e=3Dactive&amp;hl=3Den&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;sclient=3Dpsy-ab&amp;q=3D%22immedi=
ate+deposit%22+blogurl:http:%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&amp;oq=3D%22imm=
ediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http:%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&amp;gs_l=3Ds=
erp.3...362811.367408.2.369372.19.12.0.0.0.0.0.0..0.0....0...1c.1.47.psy-ab=
..54.0.0.YrpglCnJKDk&amp;pbx=3D1&amp;bav=3Don.2,or.r_cp.r_qf.&amp;bvm=3Dbv.=
69137298%2Cd.aWw%2Cpv.xjs.s.en_US.zU3ZnWRgvtc.O&amp;biw=3D1133&amp;bih=3D79=
0&amp;dpr=3D1&amp;ech=3D1&amp;psi=3DdWyhU_a8O4mvyAT6voHwAQ.1403087990985.9&=
amp;ei=3D1GyhU9DmIMuRyAShioGoCQ&amp;emsg=3DNCSR&amp;noj=3D1" 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x">immediate</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,aria=
l,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(immediately upon acceptance for 
pub=
lication). Access to the deposit can be set as closed access instead of OA =
during the embargo if desired, but=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://wiki.eprin=
ts.org/w/RequestEprint" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,ar=
ial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">EPrints</a><span 
style=3D"color:rg=
b(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=
=C2=A0and=C2=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/DSDOC4x=
/Request+a+Copy#RequestaCopy-Introduction" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);fon=
t-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">DSpace</a><span=
 style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-seri=
f;font-size:13px">=C2=A0repositories have the 
=E2=80=9C</span><a href=3D"ht=
tps://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%2=
0OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&=
amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactiv=
e&amp;gws_rd=3Dssl#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3DButton+blogurl%=
3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbas=3D0&amp=
;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetic=
a,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Request-Copy=E2=80=9D 
Button</a><span style=3D=
"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px">=C2=A0for closed-access deposits so that individual users can 
requ=
est and authors can provide an individual copy for research purposes with o=
ne click each. The repository automatically emails the copy if the author c=
licks Yes.</span><br>
<div><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><br></span></div><div><span style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">St=
evan Harnad</span></div>
</div><div 
class=3D"gmail_extra"><br><br><div 
class=3D"gmail_quote">On Wed,=
 Jun 18, 2014 at 5:04 AM, Richard Poynder <span 
dir=3D"ltr">&lt;<a href=3D"=
mailto:richard.poynder AT btinternet.com" 
target=3D"_blank">richard.poynder AT bt=
internet.com</a>&gt;</span> wrote:<br>
<blockquote class=3D"gmail_quote" style=3D"margin:0 0 0 
.8ex;border-left:1p=
x #ccc solid;padding-left:1ex"><div lang=3D"EN-GB" 
link=3D"#0563C1" vlink=
=3D"#954F72"><div><p class=3D"MsoNormal">On 
May 15 both the Chinese Academy=
 of Sciences (CAS) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NS=
FC) announced new open access policies. 
<u></u><u></u></p>
<p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal">Both =
funders=E2=80=99 policies require that all papers resulting from funded pro=
jects must be deposited in online repositories and made publicly accessible=
 within 12 months of publication =E2=80=94 a model pioneered by the US Nati=
onal Institutes of Health (NIH) in 2008, when it introduced its influential=
 Public Access Policy.<u></u><u></u></p>
<p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal">As a =
result of the new Chinese policies there will be a significant increase in =
the number of research papers freely available, not least because it comes =
at a time when the number of papers published by Chinese researchers is gro=
wing rapidly. In reporting news of the policies, Nature indicated that Chin=
ese research output has grown from 48,000 articles in 2003, or 5.6% of the =
global total, to more than 186,000 articles in 2012, or 
13.9%.<u></u><u></u=
></p>
<p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal">Of th=
e latter figure, more than 100,000 papers, or 55.2% of Chinese ouput, invol=
ved some funding from the NSFC. 
<u></u><u></u></p><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><u=
></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal">A Q&amp;A conducted by email with 
Prof. Yonghe Zheng=
, Deputy Director General of the Bureau of Policy, NSFC can be viewed here:=
<u></u><u></u></p><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal">
<a 
href=3D"http://poynder.blogspot.co.uk/2014/06/the-open-access-interviews=
-deputy.html" 
target=3D"_blank">http://poynder.blogspot.co.uk/2014/06/the-o=
pen-access-interviews-deputy.html</a><u></u><u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNorma=
l">
<u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p></div></div><br>___________________________________=
____________<br>
GOAL mailing list<br>
<a href=3D"mailto:GOAL AT eprints.org">GOAL AT 
eprints.org</a><br>
<a href=3D"http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/goal" 
target=3D"=
_blank">http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/goal</a><br>
<br></blockquote></div><br></div>

--001a11c12a5829364704fc2e55ce--

        
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