Budapest Open Access Initiative      

Budapest Open Access Initiative: BOAI Forum Archive

[BOAI] [Forum Home] [index] [prev] [next] [options] [help]

boaiforum messages

[BOAI] Some Nudge! Some Notion!

From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum AT gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 27 Nov 2013 13:13:05 -0500


--14dae9cdc8ff754f2e04ec2c8cd9
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=windows-1252
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

*Critique of excerpts from UK Government
<http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmbis/833/83304=
.htm>
Response
to BIS Committee
<http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/1040-.html> *




*Joint "Re-Engineering" Plan of UK Government and UK Publisher Lobby 
for
"Nudging" UK Researchers Toward Gold Open Access*

*UKGOV: "...in the long term the most effective form of OA will be Gold
OA=85. there is no distinction to be made between the Government's and
BISCOM's direction of travel for OA. The envisaged final destination is
likely to be what the Finch Group termed a 'mixed economy' of Gold and
Green OA, the proportions of which the decisions of researchers and
behaviour in the market will decide=85"*

Throughout its response, it is evident that the UK Government is not
perceiving OA primarily as a means of maximizing UK research uptake and
impact -- for the benefit of the UK tax-payers that fund the research, and
for the progress and productivity of research, in the UK and world-wide --
but as a means of sustaining the current revenue streams of peer-reviewed
journal publishers, come what may.

That is why the Government's "travel" plans tend to be framed far 
less in
terms of the real needs of UK research and researchers and far more in
terms of "business models," "market," a "mixed 
economy," and how these can
be "re-engineered" to keep them congruent with publishers' terms and
timetable.

There seems to be little room in the UK Government's vision for even
considering the following contingencies:

-- that 100% OA is not only already fully feasible today, thanks to the
online medium, but also urgent for research and researchers, indeed already
overdue;

-- that the online era has already made a lot of the traditional products
and services of journal publishers (and their costs) obsolete;

-- that publishers' current revenue streams are greatly and needlessly
inflated;

-- and that the embargoes and other retardants that publishers are
themselves placing in the path of OA are not, in reality, necessities, to
sustain the essential functions of peer-reviewed journal publishing, as
publishers claim=F9; they are merely contrived to prop up the expensive and
obsolescent functions of publishers *in order to sustain publishers'
current highly inflated levels of income* at all costs, come what may.

What is keeping the economy "mixed" and slow to provide OA, in other 
words,
is that *publishers are holding OA hostage to their current revenue streams=
*,
by embargoing Green, and transitioning to Gold only on terms and on a
timetable that guarantee those revenue streams.

The UK Government's "re-engineering" plans are designed to make sure 
any
transition stays on that track.

*UKGOV: "...Government's approach, therefore, amounts to a subtle
re-engineering of the present market. By 'nudging' the flow of revenue for
the publishing industry towards it becoming income from Article Publication
Charges (APCs) for Gold OA=85"*

This "subtle re-engineering of the present market" consists of 
sustaining
current publisher income streams (and *modera operandi*) by only providing
OA on condition that current subscription revenue levels per article are
sustained, and continue to be collectable in the form of Gold APCs in place
of subscriptions.

The is no thought given to the distinct
possibility<http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july10/harnad/07harnad.html>
 that *with all peer-reviewed final drafts deposited in institutional Green
OA repositories, there will no longer be any need or demand for a print
edition, online edition, access-provision or archiving (and their
associated costs)*from the peer-reviewed journal publisher: only the need
for peer review (which is only a fraction of the cost of subscription
publishing today).

And no thought of the real "market" that could indeed decide whether 
in a
100% Green OA world there will be any real demand left for anything else
that peer-reviewed journal publishers offer, forcibly co-bundled with the
peer review.

UK publicly funded research is being conceived by the UK Government as if
it were primarily an investment in the journal publishing industry rather
in research productivity, applications and progress.

Some "nudge"! Some notion!

*UKGOV: "...96% of journals have an embargo period of 24 months or less;
64% of journals have an embargo period of 12 months or less=85 This
illustrates the extent to which the Government's policy already is being
complied with=85"*

Hardly. The effect of the UK policy has been precisely the opposite. More
and longer embargoes have been adopted by publishers since the new UK
policy was announced and began to be implemented.

Yet despite this perverse effect, the percentage of publishers that endorse
immediate, unembargoed Green OA remains over
60%<http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/statistics.php?la=3Den&fIDnum=3D|&mode=3D=
simple>according
to SHERPA Romeo data (much as it was before the Finch/RCUK policy). (This
figure is camouflaged in the Government's composite category of 64% with
"an embargo period of 12 months *or less *.")

*UKGOV: "...The Government, through HEFCE and the Research Councils, will
continue to encourage Jisc, the Open Access Implementation Group (OAIG) and
others to promote standardisation and compliance across subject and
institutional repositories=85"*

Far more important for the UK Government to promote would be the
institutional adoption of a mechanism for verifying compliance with its OA
policy<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%=
20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=
=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=
=3D&q=3Dmechanism+compliance++blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&safe=
=3Dactive&tbas=3D0&tbm=3Dblg>
--
in particular, its Green option (rather than just focusing on how the Gold
is spent). 
HEFCE<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR=
%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=
=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D=
1&hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dhefce+immediate+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints=
.org%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
has
provided a potential mechanism, in requiring immediate
deposit<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad=
%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tb=
m=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&l=
r=3D&q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.or=
g%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
(whether
or not OA to the deposit is embargoed) for REF eligibility. Institutions
(ever eager to ensure compliance with funders' conditions) will thereby be
recruited and strongly motivated to monitor and ensure timely compliance.
(Funding that would be a constructive use for unspent RCUK Gold OA funding.=
)

*UKGOV: "...RCUK have balanced the objective of timely OA to all users 
with
the need to respect, through a mutually acceptable embargo period,
sustainable business models=85"*

Translation: RCUK has collaborated with publishers in embargoing OA to make
sure that OA is only provided on publishers' terms and timetable. (This is
the UK/publishing-industry "re-engineering" plan.)

Fortunately, there is a remedy for this, and that is the HEFCE
immediate-deposit
mandate<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad=
%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tb=
m=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&l=
r=3D&q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.or=
g%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>,
plus the institutional repositories' automatedrequest-a-copy
Button<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%=
20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=
=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=
=3D&q=3Dbutton+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&safe=3Dactive&tbas=3D=
0&tbm=3Dblg>,
which allows users to request and authors to provide (with one click each)
a copy for research or educational purposes during any embargo (i.e.,
the Liege-model
mandate <http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/102031>, which is the one the 
UK
should adopt.)

*UKGOV: "...A re-engineering of the research publications market entails a
journey not an event. Necessarily it requires a period of transition for
the process of change. Longer embargo periods, as illustrated below, play
an important part under some circumstances during the transition process=85=
"*

Translation: RCUK has collaborated with publishers in embargoing OA to make
sure that OA is only provided on publishers' terms and timetable.

This "journey" to "re-engineer the research publications 
market" is
actually a government-funded business trip to guarantee publishers' current
income at UK tax-payers' expense (and at the cost of lost research usage
and impact). Not a happy "event" for UK research and researchers -- 
or for
global OA.

*UKGOV: "...Government believes that the first signs of the impact of its
OA policy on embargo periods have been beneficial=85"*

Beneficial for publishers, perhaps, but certainly not for researchers, nor
for OA, since the policy's perverse effect has been to encourage publishers
to adopt and extend embargoes, not to shorten or drop them. (Nevertheless,
over 60% of journal still do not embargo Green OA, despite the UK OA
policy.)

*UKGOV: "...as stated in David Willetts' letter of 20 June 2013, UK policy
already is leading to shorter embargo periods for Green OA=85"*

It is very hard to imagine what David Willetts is imagining here: The
adoption of a Green OA embargo that is within Finch/RCUK's current
allowable limits is hardly a triumph for OA if the publisher formerly did
not embargo Green OA at all (or had not yet formulated a policy).

Moreover, an embargo of a year or longer is no boon at all for OA. It is
unspoken, but I think it's fairly clear that *most publishers are by now
resigned to one-year embargoes on Green*, along with a mandated push toward
hybrid Gold. They know that most of the revenue in question comes from that
first year.

So a "deal" to let publishers hold OA hostage to that one-year 
embargo (or
else pay Gold) is not good news for research and research progress in an
era where immediate 100% Green OA is fully within reach, technically and
practically speaking, and where the costs of peer-reviewed journal
publishing could be radically reduced if freed from the grip of publisher
Green OA embargoes.

But again, there is a remedy for this, and that remedy is the
HEFCE<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%2=
0OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=
=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=
=3D&q=3Dhefce+immediate+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&safe=
=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
 immediate-deposit
mandate<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad=
%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tb=
m=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&l=
r=3D&q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.or=
g%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>,
plus the institutional repositories' automated request-a-copy
Button<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%=
20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=
=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=
=3D&q=3Dbutton+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&safe=3Dactive&tbas=3D=
0&tbm=3Dblg>,
which allows users to request and authors to provide (with one click each)
a copy for research or educational purposes during any embargo. (This is
again the Liege-model mandate <http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/102031>,
which is the one the UK should adopt.)

*UKGOV: "...Publication of the results of publicly funded research is an
integral part of the research process=85"*

This re-statement of the Wellcome Trust
mantra<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%=
20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=
=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=
=3D&q=3Dwellcome+publication+research+costs+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess=
.eprints.org%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
continues
to ignore the fact that *the UK (but not Wellcome) also has to pay the
costs of journal subscriptions*. Hence the Gold APC costs are over and
above subscription costs (which are likewise "a legitimate part of the 
cost
of undertaking research").

That means Gold OA APCs today are needless double-payments, over and above
uncancellable subscriptions: "Fool's
Gold<https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=3Dcr&ei=3Db-CUUuTZNM-3kQeAj4CACA#q=3Dhar=
nad+(fools+OR+fool's)+gold>."
The only way they can turn into "Fair
Gold<https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=3Dcr&ei=3Db-CUUuTZNM-3kQeAj4CACA#q=3Dhar=
nad+%22fair+gold%22>"
is if mandatory Green OA first prevails, eventually allowing subscriptions
to be 
cancelled<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%=
20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3D=
UTF-8&tbm=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&h=
l=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dtransition+green+gold+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.epri=
nts.org%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
(and
driving down publication costs by offloading access-provision and archiving
onto Green OA repositories).

Then the price of Gold will drop to a fair, affordable, sustainable level,
single-paid out of the institutional subscription cancellation savings,
instead of double-paid, needlessly, as now, out of scarce UK research
funds. -- Needless, because while subscriptions are still being paid (fully
and fulsomely), Green OA can provide the OA.

*UKGOV: "...HEFCE and other Funding Councils have agreed that QR funding
may be used [to pay for Gold] at the discretion of the HEIs. Hence, HEIs
have access to the necessary public funds to cover the cost of implementing
the Government's and RCUK's OA policy=85"*

For UK researchers and institutions who deplore wasting research funds to
pay publishers even more money, it is hardly solace to tell them that if
their UK Gold allotment runs out, they can squander their research money
from other sources too.

(But fortunately, be the Government ever so grudging about it, freedom of
author choice between Green and Gold is now restored by RCUK, so the best
protection against wasting UK research funds on Gold is to provide Green
instead, via 
immediate-deposit<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=
=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.epr=
ints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dacti=
ve#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%=
2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>,
irrespective of embargo-length.)

*UKGOV: "...The Government is aware of the reluctance of some HEIs to
promote the Government's preference for Gold OA, on the grounds that it
represents a reduction in funding available for research, but the cost of
the Government's funded OA policy is estimated to be=85 approximately one p=
er
cent of the science budget=85 This is a marginal cost expected to be
outweighed by the benefits to the economy arising from direct innovation
and spill over benefits=85"*

(1) As noted, the UK's designated funding for outgoing UK Gold is far from
being the whole of the UK's publication funding: The UK continues to pay
for essential incoming journal subscriptions. And it is that level of
spending that the UK is collaborating with publishers to 
"re-engineer" so
as to sustain it whether it's paid in the form of subscriptions or in the
form of Gold APCs.

(2) So the extra marginal costs of the UK Gold subsidy (a further 1% of the
UK's research spend) are over and above the existing UK publication spend.

(3) Researchers cannot be expected to welcome the loss of yet another 1% of
their already sparse research funding -- and especially not when it is lost
just for the purpose of propping up publishers' already inflated revenue
levels, come what may, in exchange for an OA that researchers could have at
no further expense (beyond the existing UK subscription spend) via Green OA
-- *if it were not for the publisher embargo on it* -- an embargo that the
UK government is reinforcing, with its joint "re-engineering" plans 
to
"nudge" researchers toward Gold OA.

Fortunately, there is a remedy for this, and that is the
HEFCE<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%2=
0OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=
=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=
=3D&q=3Dhefce+immediate+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&safe=
=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
 immediate-deposit
mandate<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad=
%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tb=
m=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&l=
r=3D&q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.or=
g%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
--
plus the institutional repositories' automatedrequest-a-copy
Button<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%=
20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=
=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=
=3D&q=3Dbutton+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&safe=3Dactive&tbas=3D=
0&tbm=3Dblg>,
which allows users to request and authors to provide (with one click each)
a copy for research or educational purposes during any publisher embargo
(i.e., the Liege-model mandate 
<http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/102031>,
which is the one the UK should adopt.)

Because RCUK has restored authors' freedom of choice of journal, and
because 
HEFCE<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20=
Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUT=
F-8&tbm=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=
=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dhefce+immediate+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org=
%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
proposes
requiring 
immediate-deposit<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3D=
harnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprint=
s.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#=
c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fo=
penaccess.eprints.org%2F&safe=3Dactive&tbm=3Dblg>
for
REF eligibility, UK researchers can choose to publish in any journal and
can fulfill the RCUK mandate through immediate deposit in their
institutional repository, whether or not OA to the deposit is embargoed. It
is this immediate deposit that can -- with the help of the repository's
automated request-a-copy
Button<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%=
20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=
=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=
=3D&q=3Dbutton+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&safe=3Dactive&tbas=3D=
0&tbm=3Dblg>
during
any embargo period -- "re-engineer" publishing to Fair
Gold<https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=3Dcr&ei=3Db-CUUuTZNM-3kQeAj4CACA#q=3Dhar=
nad+%22fair+gold%22>
(after
100% Green OA has prevailed, and made it possible for publishers to
downsize to an affordable, sustainable price for peer review alone) instead
of theFool's 
Gold<https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=3Dcr&ei=3Db-CUUuTZNM-3kQeAj=
4CACA#q=3Dharnad+(fools+OR+fool's)+gold>
toward
which the UK government has set the "direction" for the UK's 
"journey"
toward OA.

*BISCOM:* "The Government and RCUK should clarify that Gold open access is
the ultimate goal of, rather than the primary route to, their open access
policies. We recommend that the Government and RCUK reconsider their
preference for Gold open access during the five year transition period, and
give due regard to the evidence of the vital role that Green open access
and repositories have to play as the UK moves towards full open access.
(Paragraph 70)"

*UKGOV: "...Gold OA, at 12 per cent, is now proving to be the dominant 
form
of OA.*

Gold OA the dominant form of OA? Far from the truth.

Spontaneous, unmandated Green OA is already twice that figure, and if
effectively mandated (on the
HEFCE<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&lr=3D&q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%2=
0OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=3DUTF-8&tbm=
=3Dblg&tbs=3Dqdr:m&num=3D100&c2coff=3D1&safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&hl=3Den&lr=
=3D&q=3Dharnad+hefce+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&safe=3Dactive&t=
bas=3D0&tbm=3Dblg>
/Liege <http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/102031> model) Green OA is over 
1=
0
times that figure <http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/358882/>, with the majority
of deposits being done even before the date of publication.

*UKGOV: "...the Government and RCUK would maintain that the merits of Gold
OA (immediate, final published version, compatibility with data mining,
unrestricted access and re-use, with attribution) mean that it is preferred
to Green OA.*

Preferred by whom? Finch/RCUK or UK researchers (and the rest of the world)=
?

(1) Much of today's Green OA is immediate; some of today's Gold OA is
delayed. The embargoes are a result of publisher preference to sustain
their current revenue levels come what may.

(2) To researchers who are denied access to unaffordable publishers'
versions, toll-free online access to the author's Green OA final draft is
the difference between night and day, insofar as research applications and
progress are concerned.

(3) While access itself is restricted (both by publishers' subscription
access tolls and by publishers' OA embargoes) freeing access is
incomparably more important and urgent than paying publishers still more
for further re-use rights.

(4) The fastest, fairest and surest way to reach Fair Gold OA and all the
re-use rights users need and authors want to provide is to first mandate
that authors provide Green OA -- rather than to require pre-emptive
double-payment, over and above uncancellable subscriptions, out of scarce
research funds, for Fool's Gold OA, at arbitrarily inflated prices, on the
pretext of needing to sustain publishers' current revenue streams
(otherwise peer-reviewed publishing will perish).

*UKGOV: "...The use of repositories is a feature of both Gold and Green 
OA.
In terms of the sustainability of long term access to published research
and data=85"*

Before institutional repositories can *preserve* access they must first
*provide* it.

(There are no publisher embargoes holding up data-archiving, so it is a red
herring to mention data in this context.)

The remedy is again obvious (to all but the UK Government: the publishing
lobby is certainly fully aware of it, because it is fighting it tooth and
nail):

Mandate immediate-deposit of all articles, whether published in a
subscription journal or a Gold OA journal, whether OA is embargoed or
immediate, whether the OA is Gratis (toll-free online access) or Libre
(toll-free online access plus various re-use rights such as text-mining,
re-mixing and re-publication).

That, with the help of the Button, will ensure that 100% Green Gratis OA --
and eventually Fair Libre Gold OA -- will come to pass as quickly as
possible: affordably, scalably and sustainably.

*UKGOV: "...the UK OA Decision Tree sets out clearly the direction of
travel. This is not incompatible with researchers having a free choice as
to whether or not to follow the preferred path. Government and RCUK hope
they will choose to do so. Government welcomes RCUK retaining this decision
tree. It has been agreed by all affected parties, and does not simply
reflect the publishers' position, but the consensus position arrived at by
members of the Finch Group=85"*

I suppose it's enough that the Government agrees that UK researchers and
institutions are free not to follow the preferred path, hence can ignore
the decision tree.

But it would have been more forthright and sensible to abandon the decision
tree altogether, rather than leave it as a misleading sign-post.

It is indeed true that the UK-Government/Publishing-Lobby joint
"re-engineering" plan for "nudging" UK researchers toward 
(Fool's) Gold
Open Access "does not simply reflect the publishers' position, but the
consensus position arrived at by members of the Finch Group."

But what is patently false is that it has "been agreed by all affected
parties."

*UKGOV: "...Government believes that by [funding hybrid Gold] the rate of
adoption of Gold OA by publishers and researchers alike will 
accelerate=85"=
*

No doubt it will. But the goal of UK research, researchers, their
institutions and the UK tax-payers who are funding the research is not to
accelerate the UK rate of adoption of Gold OA but to accelerate the
worldwide rate of provision of OA.

*UKGOV: "...Evidence quoted above from the Publishers Association suggests
that this is already proving to be the case. Researchers would be
disappointed to have publication in their favoured journals denied to them
if they opt for Gold OA and publishers would not want the inefficiencies,
or brand dilution effects, of always putting publication of Gold OA
material in to a new and separate journal=85"*

This ludicrous and embarassing piece self-promotional spin is so obviously
a page borrowed from the publishers' agenda that it does not deserve a
reply. It is shameful that the Government of the United Kingdom is echoing
this tendentious sales pitch as its own.

*UKGOV: "...Government does not consider it appropriate for publishers to
rely on retrospectively amortising their APC revenue to discount global
subscription rates, as some now do. This may address 'double-dipping' in
one sense, (no increase in total revenue to the publisher) but it does
nothing to address the concerns of research intensive individual
institutions, wherever they are located around the world. Such institutions
paying APCs for Gold OA publication in particular journals should see some
related and proportional discount in their total subscription fees, with
the same publisher, to avoid them disproportionately funding the
translation to Gold OA=85"*

This pious homily is actually masking a piece of uncritical, unreflective
and unrealistic nonsense:

If the Government agrees that a UK subscription rebate of only 6% of a UK
Gold OA 6% overspend (i.e., 6% of 6%), over and above the UK's 100%
subscription spend, is not an "appropriate" way to abstain from
double-dipping, what on earth does the UK imagine publishers will do
instead? Because if publishers simply deduct the fee for UK hybrid Gold OA
from UK subscription fees, that's just tantamount to say the UK can have
hybrid Gold OA for free.

That would be just fine (since subscription fees are already paying the
costs of publication in full): UK authors would automatically be free of
embargoes and would automatically retain all desired re-use rights for the
hybrid Gold journals in question.

But that's not at all what publishers have in mind (so I suggest that the
UK re-discuss their joint "re-engineering" plans in this regard).

Here's a hint: *Publishers are only interested in a transition scenario
that guarantees sustaining their current revenue levels*. They are just as
averse to immediate-Gold OA as to immediate-Green OA, because it is the
sustainability of their current revenue levels that is at risk. So unless
the hybrid Gold fees are real and sustainable -- which they are not, if
they are merely funny-money available to every subscribing institution as a
free bonus -- publishers will not budge on the UK Government's plaintive
nudge for "proportional discount in their total subscription fees."

*Stevan Harnad*

--14dae9cdc8ff754f2e04ec2c8cd9
Content-Type: text/html; charset=windows-1252
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

<div dir=3D"ltr"><center 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><strong>Critique of 
excerpts from=
=A0<a 
href=3D"http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cm=
bis/833/83304.htm" style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102)">UK 
Government</a>=A0Respon=
se to=A0<a 
href=3D"http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/1040-.=
html" style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102)">BIS 
Committee</a>=A0</strong><br>
<br><big><big><strong>Joint 
&quot;Re-Engineering&quot; Plan=A0<br>of UK Gov=
ernment and UK Publisher Lobby=A0<br>for &quot;Nudging&quot; UK 
Researchers=
=A0<br>Toward Gold Open 
Access</strong></big></big></center><br 
style=3D"co=
lor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:=
13px">
<blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetic=
a,sans-serif;font-size:13px"><em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...in the =
long term the most effective form of OA will be Gold OA=85. there is no dis=
tinction to be made between the Government&#39;s and BISCOM&#39;s 
direction=
 of travel for OA. The envisaged final destination is likely to be what the=
 Finch Group termed a &#39;mixed economy&#39; of Gold and Green OA, the 
pro=
portions of which the decisions of researchers and behaviour in the market =
will decide=85&quot;</em></blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">Throughout its response, it is evident that the 
UK G=
overnment is not perceiving OA primarily as a means of maximizing UK resear=
ch uptake and impact -- for the benefit of the UK tax-payers that fund the =
research, and for the progress and productivity of research, in the UK and =
world-wide -- but as a means of sustaining the current revenue streams of p=
eer-reviewed journal publishers, come what may.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">That is why the 
Government&#39;=
s &quot;travel&quot; plans tend to be framed far less in terms of the 
real =
needs of UK research and researchers and far more in terms of 
&quot;busines=
s models,&quot; &quot;market,&quot; a &quot;mixed 
economy,&quot; and how th=
ese can be &quot;re-engineered&quot; to keep them congruent with 
publishers=
&#39; terms and timetable.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-f=
amily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">There seems to be little 
room i=
n the UK Government&#39;s vision for even considering the following 
conting=
encies:</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,he=
lvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">-- that 100% OA is not only 
alr=
eady fully feasible today, thanks to the online medium, but also urgent for=
 research and researchers, indeed already overdue;=A0</span><br 
style=3D"co=
lor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:=
13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">-- that the online era has 
alre=
ady made a lot of the traditional products and services of journal publishe=
rs (and their costs) obsolete;=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fo=
nt-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">-- that publishers&#39; 
current=
 revenue streams are greatly and needlessly inflated;=A0</span><br 
style=3D=
"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">-- and that the embargoes 
and o=
ther retardants that publishers are themselves placing in the path of OA ar=
e not, in reality, necessities, to sustain the essential functions of peer-=
reviewed journal publishing, as publishers claim=F9; they are merely contri=
ved to prop up the expensive and obsolescent functions of publishers=A0</sp=
an><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,san=
s-serif;font-size:13px">in order to sustain publishers&#39; current 
highly =
inflated levels of income</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-famil=
y:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0at all costs, 
come =
what may.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,=
helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">What is keeping the economy 
&qu=
ot;mixed&quot; and slow to provide OA, in other words, is 
that=A0</span><em=
 style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-seri=
f;font-size:13px">publishers are holding OA hostage to their current 
revenu=
e streams</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,=
helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">, by embargoing Green, and 
transitioni=
ng to Gold only on terms and on a timetable that guarantee those revenue st=
reams.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,hel=
vetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The UK Government&#39;s 
&quot;r=
e-engineering&quot; plans are designed to make sure any transition stays 
on=
 that track.</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:ver=
dana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...Government&#39;s approach, therefore=
, amounts to a subtle re-engineering of the present market. By 
&#39;nudging=
&#39; the flow of revenue for the publishing industry towards it becoming 
i=
ncome from Article Publication Charges (APCs) for Gold 
OA=85&quot;</em></bl=
ockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">This &quot;subtle re-engineering of the 
present mark=
et&quot; consists of sustaining current publisher income streams 
(and=A0</s=
pan><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:13px">modera operandi</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51=
,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">) 
by on=
ly providing OA on condition that current subscription revenue levels per a=
rticle are sustained, and continue to be collectable in the form of Gold AP=
Cs in place of subscriptions.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fon=
t-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The is no thought given to 
the=
=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july10/harnad/07harnad.html" =
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px">distinct possibility</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51)=
;font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0that=A0<=
/span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,=
sans-serif;font-size:13px">with all peer-reviewed final drafts 
deposited in=
 institutional Green OA repositories, there will no longer be any need or d=
emand for a print edition, online edition, access-provision or archiving (a=
nd their associated costs)</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fami=
ly:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">from the 
peer-reviewe=
d journal publisher: only the need for peer review (which is only a fractio=
n of the cost of subscription publishing today).</span><br 
style=3D"color:r=
gb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"=
>
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">And no thought of the real 
&quo=
t;market&quot; that could indeed decide whether in a 100% Green OA world 
th=
ere will be any real demand left for anything else that peer-reviewed journ=
al publishers offer, forcibly co-bundled with the peer 
review.</span><br st=
yle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;f=
ont-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">UK publicly funded research 
is =
being conceived by the UK Government as if it were primarily an investment =
in the journal publishing industry rather in research productivity, applica=
tions and progress.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Some 
&quot;nudge&quot;! Some no=
tion!</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ar=
ial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...96% of journals 
have an embargo peri=
od of 24 months or less; 64% of journals have an embargo period of 12 month=
s or less=85 This illustrates the extent to which the Government&#39;s 
poli=
cy already is being complied with=85&quot;</em></blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">Hardly. The effect of the UK policy has been 
precise=
ly the opposite. More and longer embargoes have been adopted by publishers =
since the new UK policy was announced and began to be 
implemented.</span><b=
r 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Yet despite this perverse 
effec=
t, the percentage of publishers that endorse immediate, unembargoed Green O=
A=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/statistics.php?la=3Den&=
amp;fIDnum=3D|&amp;mode=3Dsimple" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:=
verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">remains over 
60%</a><spa=
n 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">according to SHERPA Romeo data (much as it was 
before th=
e Finch/RCUK policy). (This figure is camouflaged in the Government&#39;s 
c=
omposite category of 64% with &quot;an embargo period of 12 
months=A0</span=
><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-=
serif;font-size:13px">or less=A0</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fon=
t-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">.&quot;)</span>=
<blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetic=
a,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...The Government, 
through HEFCE and th=
e Research Councils, will continue to encourage Jisc, the Open Access Imple=
mentation Group (OAIG) and others to promote standardisation and compliance=
 across subject and institutional 
repositories=85&quot;</em></blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">Far more important for the UK Government to 
promote =
would be the institutional adoption of a mechanism for=A0</span><a 
href=3D"=
https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad=
%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-=
8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dact=
ive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dmechanism+compliance++blogurl:=
http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbas=3D0&amp;tbm=3Dblg=
" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">verifying compliance with its OA 
policy</a><span style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">=A0-- in particular, its Green option (rather than just 
focusin=
g on how the Gold is spent).=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/sear=
ch?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blo=
gurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3D=
qdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den=
&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dhefce+immediate+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.=
org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-f=
amily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">HEFCE</a><span sty=
le=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fo=
nt-size:13px">=A0has provided a potential mechanism, in 
requiring=A0</span>=
<a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20=
OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&am=
p;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp=
;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3D%22immediate+deposi=
t%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;t=
bm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,=
sans-serif;font-size:13px">immediate deposit</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51=
,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0(=
whether or not OA to the deposit is embargoed) for REF eligibility. Institu=
tions (ever eager to ensure compliance with funders&#39; conditions) will 
t=
hereby be recruited and strongly motivated to monitor and ensure timely com=
pliance. (Funding that would be a constructive use for unspent RCUK Gold OA=
 funding.)</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verda=
na,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...RCUK have balanced 
the objective of =
timely OA to all users with the need to respect, through a mutually accepta=
ble embargo period, sustainable business 
models=85&quot;</em></blockquote><=
span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-=
serif;font-size:13px">Translation: RCUK has collaborated with 
publishers in=
 embargoing OA to make sure that OA is only provided on publishers&#39; 
ter=
ms and timetable. (This is the UK/publishing-industry 
&quot;re-engineering&=
quot; plan.)</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Fortunately, there is a 
remedy =
for this, and that is the HEFCE=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/s=
earch?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+=
blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=
=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=
=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenac=
cess.eprints.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,5=
1,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">immed=
iate-deposit mandate</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">, plus the institutional 
rep=
ositories&#39; automated</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=
=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:=
http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m=
&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;=
lr=3D&amp;q=3Dbutton+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;safe=3Dacti=
ve&amp;tbas=3D0&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:ver=
dana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">request-a-copy 
Button</a><s=
pan 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px">, which allows users to request and authors to 
provide=
 (with one click each) a copy for research or educational purposes during a=
ny embargo (i.e., the=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268=
/102031" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,s=
ans-serif;font-size:13px">Liege-model mandate</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(5=
1,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">, w=
hich is the one the UK should adopt.)</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...A re-engineering 
of the research pub=
lications market entails a journey not an event. Necessarily it requires a =
period of transition for the process of change. Longer embargo periods, as =
illustrated below, play an important part under some circumstances during t=
he transition process=85&quot;</em></blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">Translation: RCUK has collaborated with 
publishers i=
n embargoing OA to make sure that OA is only provided on publishers&#39; 
te=
rms and timetable.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verda=
na,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">This 
&quot;journey&quot; to &qu=
ot;re-engineer the research publications market&quot; is actually a 
governm=
ent-funded business trip to guarantee publishers&#39; current income at UK 
=
tax-payers&#39; expense (and at the cost of lost research usage and 
impact)=
. Not a happy &quot;event&quot; for UK research and researchers -- or 
for g=
lobal OA.</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdan=
a,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...Government 
believes that the first s=
igns of the impact of its OA policy on embargo periods have been beneficial=
=85&quot;</em></blockquote><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Beneficial for 
publishers=
, perhaps, but certainly not for researchers, nor for OA, since the 
policy&=
#39;s perverse effect has been to encourage publishers to adopt and extend =
embargoes, not to shorten or drop them. (Nevertheless, over 60% of journal =
still do not embargo Green OA, despite the UK OA 
policy.)</span><blockquote=
 style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-seri=
f;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...as stated in David 
Willetts&#39; let=
ter of 20 June 2013, UK policy already is leading to shorter embargo period=
s for Green OA=85&quot;</em></blockquote><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51)=
;font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">It is 
very =
hard to imagine what David Willetts is imagining here: The adoption of a Gr=
een OA embargo that is within Finch/RCUK&#39;s current allowable limits is 
=
hardly a triumph for OA if the publisher formerly did not embargo Green OA =
at all (or had not yet formulated a policy).=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rg=
b(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Moreover, an embargo of a 
year =
or longer is no boon at all for OA. It is unspoken, but I think it&#39;s 
fa=
irly clear that=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verda=
na,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">most publishers are by 
now re=
signed to one-year embargoes on Green</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">, 
along wi=
th a mandated push toward hybrid Gold. They know that most of the revenue i=
n question comes from that first year.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,5=
1,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">So a 
&quot;deal&quot; to let pu=
blishers hold OA hostage to that one-year embargo (or else pay Gold) is not=
 good news for research and research progress in an era where immediate 100=
% Green OA is fully within reach, technically and practically speaking, and=
 where the costs of peer-reviewed journal publishing could be radically red=
uced if freed from the grip of publisher Green OA embargoes.</span><br 
styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">But again, there is a 
remedy fo=
r this, and that remedy is the=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/se=
arch?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+b=
logurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=
=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=
=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dhefce+immediate+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.epr=
ints.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);f=
ont-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">HEFCE</a><spa=
n 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3De=
n&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http=
://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp=
;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=
=3D&amp;q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints=
.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-=
family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">immediate-deposit=
 mandate</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,he=
lvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">, plus the institutional 
repositories&#3=
9; automated=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;l=
r=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://open=
access.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D=
100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=
=3Dbutton+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbas=
=3D0&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,=
helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">request-a-copy 
Button</a><span style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">, which allows users to request and authors to provide 
(with on=
e click each) a copy for research or educational purposes during any embarg=
o. (This is again the=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268=
/102031" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,s=
ans-serif;font-size:13px">Liege-model mandate</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(5=
1,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">, w=
hich is the one the UK should adopt.)</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...Publication of the 
results of public=
ly funded research is an integral part of the research 
process=85&quot;</em=
></blockquote><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,=
helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">This re-statement of 
the=A0</span><a h=
ref=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%2=
0Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=
=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;saf=
e=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dwellcome+publication+re=
search+costs+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dacti=
ve&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,he=
lvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Wellcome Trust 
mantra</a><span style=3D"=
color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-siz=
e:13px">=A0continues to ignore the fact that=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rg=
b(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=
the UK (but not Wellcome) also has to pay the costs of journal subscription=
s</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetic=
a,sans-serif;font-size:13px">. Hence the Gold APC costs are over and 
above =
subscription costs (which are likewise &quot;a legitimate part of the cost 
=
of undertaking research&quot;).=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);f=
ont-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">That means Gold OA APCs 
today a=
re needless double-payments, over and above uncancellable subscriptions: 
&q=
uot;</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=3Dcr&amp;ei=3Db-CUUuTZN=
M-3kQeAj4CACA#q=3Dharnad+(fools+OR+fool&#39;s)+gold" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,5=
1,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Fool&=
#39;s Gold</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,=
helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">.&quot; The only way they can 
turn int=
o &quot;</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=3Dcr&amp;ei=3Db-CUU=
uTZNM-3kQeAj4CACA#q=3Dharnad+%22fair+gold%22" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);=
font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Fair 
Gold</a=
><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,san=
s-serif;font-size:13px">&quot; is if mandatory Green OA first 
prevails, eve=
ntually allowing=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&a=
mp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://=
openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;nu=
m=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&a=
mp;q=3Dtransition+green+gold+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F=
&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:=
verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">subscriptions to be 
canc=
elled</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helve=
tica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0(and driving down publication costs 
by o=
ffloading access-provision and archiving onto Green OA repositories).=A0</s=
pan><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Then the price of Gold will 
dro=
p to a fair, affordable, sustainable level, single-paid out of the institut=
ional subscription cancellation savings, instead of double-paid, needlessly=
, as now, out of scarce UK research funds. -- Needless, because while subsc=
riptions are still being paid (fully and fulsomely), Green OA can provide t=
he OA.</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...HEFCE and other 
Funding Councils hav=
e agreed that QR funding may be used [to pay for Gold] at the discretion of=
 the HEIs. Hence, HEIs have access to the necessary public funds to cover t=
he cost of implementing the Government&#39;s and RCUK&#39;s OA 
policy=85&qu=
ot;</em></blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">For UK researchers and institutions who deplore 
wast=
ing research funds to pay publishers even more money, it is hardly solace t=
o tell them that if their UK Gold allotment runs out, they can squander the=
ir research money from other sources too.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(5=
1,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(But fortunately, be the 
Govern=
ment ever so grudging about it, freedom of author choice between Green and =
Gold is now restored by RCUK, so the best protection against wasting UK res=
earch funds on Gold is to provide Green instead, via=A0</span><a 
href=3D"ht=
tps://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%2=
0OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&=
amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactiv=
e#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:=
http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" sty=
le=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fo=
nt-size:13px">immediate-deposit</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-=
family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">, 
irrespective of=
 embargo-length.)</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-famil=
y:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...The Government is 
aware of the reluc=
tance of some HEIs to promote the Government&#39;s preference for Gold OA, 
=
on the grounds that it represents a reduction in funding available for rese=
arch, but the cost of the Government&#39;s funded OA policy is estimated 
to=
 be=85 approximately one per cent of the science budget=85 This is a margin=
al cost expected to be outweighed by the benefits to the economy arising fr=
om direct innovation and spill over 
benefits=85&quot;</em></blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">(1) As noted, the UK&#39;s designated 
funding for ou=
tgoing UK Gold is far from being the whole of the UK&#39;s publication 
fund=
ing: The UK continues to pay for essential incoming journal subscriptions. =
And it is that level of spending that the UK is collaborating with publishe=
rs to &quot;re-engineer&quot; so as to sustain it whether it&#39;s 
paid in =
the form of subscriptions or in the form of Gold APCs.</span><br 
style=3D"c=
olor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size=
:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(2) So the extra marginal 
costs=
 of the UK Gold subsidy (a further 1% of the UK&#39;s research spend) are 
o=
ver and above the existing UK publication spend.</span><br 
style=3D"color:r=
gb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"=
>
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(3) Researchers cannot be 
expec=
ted to welcome the loss of yet another 1% of their already sparse research =
funding -- and especially not when it is lost just for the purpose of propp=
ing up publishers&#39; already inflated revenue levels, come what may, in 
e=
xchange for an OA that researchers could have at no further expense (beyond=
 the existing UK subscription spend) via Green OA --=A0</span><em 
style=3D"=
color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-siz=
e:13px">if it were not for the publisher embargo on 
it</em><span style=3D"c=
olor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size=
:13px">=A0-- an embargo that the UK government is reinforcing, with its 
joi=
nt &quot;re-engineering&quot; plans to &quot;nudge&quot; 
researchers toward=
 Gold OA.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,=
helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Fortunately, there is a 
remedy =
for this, and that is the=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?=
hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogur=
l:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr=
:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&am=
p;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dhefce+immediate+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org=
%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-fami=
ly:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">HEFCE</a><span style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;l=
r=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://open=
access.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D=
100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=
=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&a=
mp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:ve=
rdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">immediate-deposit 
mandate<=
/a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,s=
ans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0-- plus the institutional 
repositories&#39; au=
tomated</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp=
;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.e=
prints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;=
c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dbutto=
n+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbas=3D0&amp=
;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetic=
a,sans-serif;font-size:13px">request-a-copy Button</a><span 
style=3D"color:=
rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
">, which allows users to request and authors to provide (with one 
click ea=
ch) a copy for research or educational purposes during any publisher embarg=
o (i.e., the=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/102031" =
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px">Liege-model mandate</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);=
font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">, which 
is t=
he one the UK should adopt.)</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Because RCUK has restored 
autho=
rs&#39; freedom of choice of journal, and because=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https=
://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR=
%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp=
;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#c=
2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dhefce+immediate+blogurl:http%3A%2F%=
2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x">HEFCE</a><a 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helve=
tica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0proposes requiring=A0</a><a 
href=3D"http=
s://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%20Harnad%20O=
R%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=3DUTF-8&am=
p;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;safe=3Dactive#=
c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3D%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:ht=
tp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbm=3Dblg" style=
=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">immediate-deposit</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fa=
mily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0for REF 
eligibil=
ity, UK researchers can choose to publish in any journal and can fulfill th=
e RCUK mandate through immediate deposit in their institutional repository,=
 whether or not OA to the deposit is embargoed. It is this immediate deposi=
t that can -- with the help of the repository&#39;s 
automated=A0</span><a h=
ref=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%20OR%2=
0Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;ie=
=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&amp;saf=
e=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dbutton+blogurl:http://o=
penaccess.eprints.org/&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbas=3D0&amp;tbm=3Dblg" style=
=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">request-a-copy Button</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);fon=
t-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0during 
any e=
mbargo period -- &quot;re-engineer&quot; publishing 
to=A0</span><a href=3D"=
https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=3Dcr&amp;ei=3Db-CUUuTZNM-3kQeAj4CACA#q=3Dharn=
ad+%22fair+gold%22" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,=
helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Fair Gold</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=
=A0(after 100% Green OA has prevailed, and made it possible for publishers =
to downsize to an affordable, sustainable price for peer review alone) inst=
ead of the</span><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=3Dcr&amp;ei=3Db-C=
UUuTZNM-3kQeAj4CACA#q=3Dharnad+(fools+OR+fool&#39;s)+gold" 
style=3D"color:r=
gb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"=
>Fool&#39;s Gold</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,=
arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0toward which the UK 
governmen=
t has set the &quot;direction&quot; for the UK&#39;s 
&quot;journey&quot; to=
ward OA.</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<blockquote><strong>BISCOM:</strong>=A0&quot;The 
Government and RCUK should=
 clarify that Gold open access is the ultimate goal of, rather than the pri=
mary route to, their open access policies. We recommend that the Government=
 and RCUK reconsider their preference for Gold open access during the five =
year transition period, and give due regard to the evidence of the vital ro=
le that Green open access and repositories have to play as the UK moves tow=
ards full open access. (Paragraph 70)&quot;</blockquote>
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...Gold OA, at 12 per 
cent, is now prov=
ing to be the dominant form of OA.</em></blockquote><span 
style=3D"color:rg=
b(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=
Gold OA the dominant form of OA? Far from the truth.</span><br 
style=3D"col=
or:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:1=
3px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Spontaneous, unmandated 
Green O=
A is already twice that figure, and if effectively mandated (on the=A0</spa=
n><a 
href=3D"https://www.google.ca/search?hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad%=
20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&=
amp;ie=3DUTF-8&amp;tbm=3Dblg&amp;tbs=3Dqdr:m&amp;num=3D100&amp;c2coff=3D1&a=
mp;safe=3Dactive#c2coff=3D1&amp;hl=3Den&amp;lr=3D&amp;q=3Dharnad+hefce+blog=
url:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&amp;safe=3Dactive&amp;tbas=3D0&amp;tbm=
=3Dblg" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:13px">HEFCE</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-f=
amily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">/</span><a href=3D=
"http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/102031" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);fon=
t-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Liege</a><span =
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px">=A0model) Green OA is over=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://epri=
nts.soton.ac.uk/358882/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">10 times that 
figure</a><span sty=
le=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fo=
nt-size:13px">, with the majority of deposits being done even before 
the da=
te of publication.</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fami=
ly:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...the Government and 
RCUK would mainta=
in that the merits of Gold OA (immediate, final published version, compatib=
ility with data mining, unrestricted access and re-use, with attribution) m=
ean that it is preferred to Green OA.</em></blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">Preferred by whom? Finch/RCUK or UK researchers 
(and=
 the rest of the world)?</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family=
:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(1) Much of today&#39;s 
Green O=
A is immediate; some of today&#39;s Gold OA is delayed. The embargoes are 
a=
 result of publisher preference to sustain their current revenue levels com=
e what may.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,aria=
l,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(2) To researchers who are 
deni=
ed access to unaffordable publishers&#39; versions, toll-free online 
access=
 to the author&#39;s Green OA final draft is the difference between night 
a=
nd day, insofar as research applications and progress are 
concerned.</span>=
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(3) While access itself is 
rest=
ricted (both by publishers&#39; subscription access tolls and by 
publishers=
&#39; OA embargoes) freeing access is incomparably more important and 
urgen=
t than paying publishers still more for further re-use 
rights.</span><br st=
yle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;f=
ont-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(4) The fastest, fairest 
and su=
rest way to reach Fair Gold OA and all the re-use rights users need and aut=
hors want to provide is to first mandate that authors provide Green OA -- r=
ather than to require pre-emptive double-payment, over and above uncancella=
ble subscriptions, out of scarce research funds, for Fool&#39;s Gold OA, 
at=
 arbitrarily inflated prices, on the pretext of needing to sustain publishe=
rs&#39; current revenue streams (otherwise peer-reviewed publishing will 
pe=
rish).</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...The use of 
repositories is a feature=
 of both Gold and Green OA. In terms of the sustainability of long term acc=
ess to published research and 
data=85&quot;</em></blockquote><span style=3D=
"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-si=
ze:13px">Before institutional repositories can=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:=
rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
">preserve</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial=
,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0access they must 
first=A0</span><e=
m 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px">provide</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fami=
ly:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">=A0it.</span><br styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">(There are no publisher 
embargo=
es holding up data-archiving, so it is a red herring to mention data in thi=
s context.)</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,aria=
l,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The remedy is again obvious 
(to=
 all but the UK Government: the publishing lobby is certainly fully aware o=
f it, because it is fighting it tooth and nail):</span><br 
style=3D"color:r=
gb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px"=
>
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Mandate immediate-deposit 
of al=
l articles, whether published in a subscription journal or a Gold OA journa=
l, whether OA is embargoed or immediate, whether the OA is Gratis (toll-fre=
e online access) or Libre (toll-free online access plus various re-use righ=
ts such as text-mining, re-mixing and re-publication).=A0</span><br 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">That, with the help of the 
Butt=
on, will ensure that 100% Green Gratis OA -- and eventually Fair Libre Gold=
 OA -- will come to pass as quickly as possible: affordably, scalably and s=
ustainably.</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...the UK OA Decision 
Tree sets out cle=
arly the direction of travel. This is not incompatible with researchers hav=
ing a free choice as to whether or not to follow the preferred path. Govern=
ment and RCUK hope they will choose to do so. Government welcomes RCUK reta=
ining this decision tree. It has been agreed by all affected parties, and d=
oes not simply reflect the publishers&#39; position, but the consensus 
posi=
tion arrived at by members of the Finch 
Group=85&quot;</em></blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">I suppose it&#39;s enough that the 
Government agrees=
 that UK researchers and institutions are free not to follow the preferred =
path, hence can ignore the decision tree.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,5=
1,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">But it would have been more 
for=
thright and sensible to abandon the decision tree altogether, rather than l=
eave it as a misleading sign-post.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);f=
ont-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">It is indeed true that the 
UK-G=
overnment/Publishing-Lobby joint &quot;re-engineering&quot; plan for 
&quot;=
nudging&quot; UK researchers toward (Fool&#39;s) Gold Open Access 
&quot;doe=
s not simply reflect the publishers&#39; position, but the consensus 
positi=
on arrived at by members of the Finch Group.&quot;</span><br 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">But what is patently false 
is t=
hat it has &quot;been agreed by all affected 
parties.&quot;</span><blockquo=
te 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-se=
rif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...Government 
believes that by [funding=
 hybrid Gold] the rate of adoption of Gold OA by publishers and researchers=
 alike will accelerate=85&quot;</em></blockquote><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(5=
1,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">No =
doubt it will. But the goal of UK research, researchers, their institutions=
 and the UK tax-payers who are funding the research is not to accelerate th=
e UK rate of adoption of Gold OA but to accelerate the worldwide rate of pr=
ovision of OA.</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:v=
erdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...Evidence quoted 
above from the Publi=
shers Association suggests that this is already proving to be the case. Res=
earchers would be disappointed to have publication in their favoured journa=
ls denied to them if they opt for Gold OA and publishers would not want the=
 inefficiencies, or brand dilution effects, of always putting publication o=
f Gold OA material in to a new and separate 
journal=85&quot;</em></blockquo=
te>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">This ludicrous and embarassing piece 
self-promotiona=
l spin is so obviously a page borrowed from the publishers&#39; agenda 
that=
 it does not deserve a reply. It is shameful that the Government of the Uni=
ted Kingdom is echoing this tendentious sales pitch as its 
own.</span><bloc=
kquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,san=
s-serif;font-size:13px">
<em><strong>UKGOV:=A0</strong>&quot;...Government does 
not consider it appr=
opriate for publishers to rely on retrospectively amortising their APC reve=
nue to discount global subscription rates, as some now do. This may address=
 &#39;double-dipping&#39; in one sense, (no increase in total revenue 
to th=
e publisher) but it does nothing to address the concerns of research intens=
ive individual institutions, wherever they are located around the world. Su=
ch institutions paying APCs for Gold OA publication in particular journals =
should see some related and proportional discount in their total subscripti=
on fees, with the same publisher, to avoid them disproportionately funding =
the translation to Gold OA=85&quot;</em></blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">This pious homily is actually masking a piece of 
unc=
ritical, unreflective and unrealistic nonsense:=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">If the Government agrees 
that a=
 UK subscription rebate of only 6% of a UK Gold OA 6% overspend (i.e., 6% o=
f 6%), over and above the UK&#39;s 100% subscription spend, is not an 
&quot=
;appropriate&quot; way to abstain from double-dipping, what on earth does 
t=
he UK imagine publishers will do instead? Because if publishers simply dedu=
ct the fee for UK hybrid Gold OA from UK subscription fees, that&#39;s 
just=
 tantamount to say the UK can have hybrid Gold OA for free.</span><br 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">That would be just fine 
(since =
subscription fees are already paying the costs of publication in full): UK =
authors would automatically be free of embargoes and would automatically re=
tain all desired re-use rights for the hybrid Gold journals in question.</s=
pan><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">But that&#39;s not at 
all what =
publishers have in mind (so I suggest that the UK re-discuss their joint 
&q=
uot;re-engineering&quot; plans in this regard).</span><br 
style=3D"color:rg=
b(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Here&#39;s a 
hint:=A0</span><em=
 style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-seri=
f;font-size:13px">Publishers are only interested in a transition 
scenario t=
hat guarantees sustaining their current revenue levels</em><span 
style=3D"c=
olor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size=
:13px">. They are just as averse to immediate-Gold OA as to 
immediate-Green=
 OA, because it is the sustainability of their current revenue levels that =
is at risk. So unless the hybrid Gold fees are real and sustainable -- whic=
h they are not, if they are merely funny-money available to every subscribi=
ng institution as a free bonus -- publishers will not budge on the UK Gover=
nment&#39;s plaintive nudge for &quot;proportional discount in their 
total =
subscription fees.&quot;</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family=
:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><strong 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verda=
na,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Stevan 
Harnad</strong><br></d=
iv>

--14dae9cdc8ff754f2e04ec2c8cd9--

        
--      
To unsubscribe from the BOAI Forum, use the form on this page:
http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/boai-forum

[BOAI] [Forum Home] [index] [prev] [next] [options] [help]

 E-mail:  openaccess@soros.org .