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[BOAI] The Journal Publisher Lobby in the UK & Netherlands: Part I

From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum AT gmail.com>
Date: Sat, 16 Nov 2013 15:49:35 -0500


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The UK and the Netherlands -- not coincidentally, the home bases of Big
Publishing for refereed research -- have issued coordinated statements in
support of what cannot be described other than as a publisher's nocturnal
fantasy, in the face of the unstoppable worldwide clamour for Open Access.

Here are the components of the publishers' nocturnal:

(1) Do whatever it takes to sustain or increase your current revenue
streams.

(2) Your current revenue streams come mainly from subscriptions.

(3) Claim far and wide that everything has to be done to sustain
publishers' subscription revenue, otherwise publishing will be destroyed,
and with it so will peer review, and research itself.

(4) With (3) as your justification, embargo Green OA self-archiving for as
long as possible, and fight against Green OA self-archiving mandates -- or
make sure allowable embargoes are as long as possible.

(5) Profess a fervent commitment to a transition to full 100% immediate OA
-- but Gold OA, on your terms, in such a way as to ensure that you sustain
or increase your current revenue streams.

(6) Offer hybrid Gold OA and promise not to "double-dip." That will 
ensure
that your subscription revenues segue seamlessly into Gold OA revenues
while maintaining their current levels.

(7) To hasten the transition, offer even Bigger Big Deals to cover
subscriptions at the national level (as you had always dreamt of doing)
until all payment is safely converted (Gold) OA.

(8) Encourage centralized, collective payment of Gold OA fees too, in even
Bigger Deals, so Gold OA can continue to be treated as annual institutional
-- preferably national -- payments rather than as piecewise payments per
individual article.

(9) Persuade governments to mandate, subsidize and prefer Gold OA rather
than mandating Green OA

(10) Make sure Green OA is perceived as delayed OA (because of your
embargoes!), so that only Gold OA can be immediate.

(11) Mobilize the minority OA advocates who are in a great hurry for re-use
rights (CC-BY, text-mining, republication) to support you in your promotion
of Gold OA and demotion and embargoing of Green OA.

(12) Cross your fingers and hope that the research community will be
gullible enough to buy it all.

There is, however, a compeletely effective prophylactic against this
publisher fantasy (but it has to be adopted by the research community,
because British and Dutch Ministers are apparently too vulnerable to the
publishing lobby):

(a) Research funders and institutions worldwide adopt an immediate-deposit
mandate, requiring, as a condition of funding, employment and evaluation,
that all researchers deposit their final, peer-reviewed drafts in their
institutional repositories immediately upon acceptance for publication,
regardless of whether they are published in a subscription journal or a
Gold OA journal -- and regardless of whether access to the deposit is made
Green OA immediately or only after a publisher embargo.

(b) Do not mandate or designate any extra money to pay for Gold OA: let
that come from the subscription cancellation savings -- if and when Green
OA actually releases institutions to cancel subscriptions.

(c) To tide over research access needs during any embargo, make sure to
implement the institutional repository's automated copy-request Button so
that any user can request -- and any author can provide -- a single copy
for research purposes with just one click each.

------------------------------

Now please read how fully the Dutch government fell for the publishing
lobby's nocturnal fantasy. (Tomorrow you will see the same from the UK.)

Here is a quick google translation of excerpts from Sander Dekker,
Secretary of Education, Culture and Science, Netherlands on "Commitment to
further developments in open access scientific
publication<https://t.co/redirect?url=3Dhttp%3A%2F%2Ft.co%2FBCEXH3YmCd&sig=
=3D4f5a508aa12ff21e4d4aea3110c4ac4b87ad91ea&uid=3D18504532&iid=3D16196ef599=
5a423ca9dd4975e16e0a1d&nid=3D136+1028&t=3D1>
"


*Sander Dekker, Secretary of Education, Culture and Science, Netherlands:*
"A clear choice in favour of Open Access publications; the transition
process provides the necessary speed and shortens the transition period,
thus avoiding unnecessary additional costs... .

"The Green road is the form in which the author publishes an article in a
journal. In addition, the author deposits a version of the article in Open
Access electronic archive ( repository ). There are both discipline-based
and university-based repositories. The system of paid subscriptions to
journals continues. Publishers often negotiate embargo periods that can
range from several months to several years before an article can be made OA
through a repository. During the embargo period, only the paid version of
the journal accessible. This constitutes a source of revenue for
publishers. Moreover, there are publisher restrictions on the version of an
article in the repository. Sometimes this may only be the version that has
not yet been peer reviewd...

"Netherlands is in a special position because it has a number of major
scientific publishers within its borders. That makes dialogue between
science and the Dutch publishing possible...

"In the UK, a national committee chaired by Dame Janet Finch laid the
foundation for the Open Access policy of the United Kingdom. The report of
the Commission Finch serves as a solid standard . It contains a thorough
analysis of developments and progress. The Committee notes that due to the
major changes it is imperative that all players act together and she
advises to achieve by focusing on Open Access journals. Transition
Following this advice, the British government earmarked 10 million pounds
for Open Access. The initial signs indicate that this has not led to an
accelerated transition , but rather a continuation of the transition...

"The transition to the Golden Road: My preference is for Open Access
publishing in journals that make their articles accessible free, the Golden
road. My aim is to achieve OA within ten years: a full transition to Open
Access Golden Road by 2024. to achieve this, at least 60 percent of the
scientific publications Open Access should be available in about five years
through the Gold OA journals...

"The real change can only be achieved if we work together at the
international level with National cooperation and coordination equally
important...

"Open Access in the coming years: Dutch universities, KNAW and NWO should
give priority to Open Access Golden road...

"While the publishers have not yet made the transition to Open Access
Golden road I prefer hybrid Open Access, where the institution pays for
publication in a traditional journal...

"For disciplines where the potential for Gold Open Access journals is 
still
limited, it is possible to provide OA via the Green road...

"1. Consultation with likeminded countries: I will get in touch with a
number of like-minded countries to promote and acceleration Open Access. I
refer primarily to the United Kingdom and Germany . This is because there
are a large number of important commercial and academic publishers in the
Netherlands and in these two countries i. In addition, Denmark, Finland,
Belgium and France are leading like-minded countries...

"2. Create conditions under which open access possible: An important
momentum in the transition to Open Access publications when the scientific
organizations and major scientific publishers agree on subscriptions to
scientific journals . This 'big deals' always apply for some years=85."

"3. reports: If the parties concerned are not sufficiently committed , or
developments in insufficient progress , the minister and I imagine that the
obligation to publish Gold OA to be included in the Law on Higher Education
in 2016 Open Access and Research Act (WHW )=85."

*Sander Dekker, Secretary of Education, Culture and Science, Netherlands*

--001a11c2b01cd9472904eb517394
Content-Type: text/html; charset=windows-1252
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

<div dir=3D"ltr"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">The UK and the Netherlands -- 
not c=
oincidentally, the home bases of Big Publishing for refereed research -- ha=
ve issued coordinated statements in support of what cannot be described oth=
er than as a publisher&#39;s nocturnal fantasy, in the face of the 
unstoppa=
ble worldwide clamour for Open Access.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,5=
1,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Here are the components of 
the =
publishers&#39; nocturnal:</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);f=
ont-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
(1) Do whatever it takes to sustain or increase your current revenue stream=
s.<br><br>(2) Your current revenue streams come mainly from 
subscriptions.<=
br><br>(3) Claim far and wide that everything has to be done to 
sustain pub=
lishers&#39; subscription revenue, otherwise publishing will be destroyed, 
=
and with it so will peer review, and research itself.<br>
<br>(4) With (3) as your justification, embargo Green OA self-archiving 
for=
 as long as possible, and fight against Green OA self-archiving mandates --=
 or make sure allowable embargoes are as long as 
possible.<br><br>(5) Profe=
ss a fervent commitment to a transition to full 100% immediate OA -- but Go=
ld OA, on your terms, in such a way as to ensure that you sustain or increa=
se your current revenue streams.<br>
<br>(6) Offer hybrid Gold OA and promise not to 
&quot;double-dip.&quot; Tha=
t will ensure that your subscription revenues segue seamlessly into Gold OA=
 revenues while maintaining their current levels.<br><br>(7) To 
hasten the =
transition, offer even Bigger Big Deals to cover subscriptions at the natio=
nal level (as you had always dreamt of doing) until all payment is safely c=
onverted (Gold) OA.<br>
<br>(8) Encourage centralized, collective payment of Gold OA fees too, in 
e=
ven Bigger Deals, so Gold OA can continue to be treated as annual instituti=
onal -- preferably national -- payments rather than as piecewise payments p=
er individual article.<br>
<br>(9) Persuade governments to mandate, subsidize and prefer Gold OA 
rathe=
r than mandating Green OA=A0<br><br>(10) Make sure Green OA is 
perceived as=
 delayed OA (because of your embargoes!), so that only Gold OA can be immed=
iate.<br>
<br>(11) Mobilize the minority OA advocates who are in a great hurry for 
re=
-use rights (CC-BY, text-mining, republication) to support you in your prom=
otion of Gold OA and demotion and embargoing of Green 
OA.<br><br>(12) Cross=
 your fingers and hope that the research community will be gullible enough =
to buy it all.</blockquote>
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px">There is, however, a compeletely effective 
prophylac=
tic against this publisher fantasy (but it has to be adopted by the researc=
h community, because British and Dutch Ministers are apparently too vulnera=
ble to the publishing lobby):</span><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<blockquote>(a) Research funders and institutions worldwide adopt an 
immedi=
ate-deposit mandate, requiring, as a condition of funding, employment and e=
valuation, that all researchers deposit their final, peer-reviewed drafts i=
n their institutional repositories immediately upon acceptance for publicat=
ion, regardless of whether they are published in a subscription journal or =
a Gold OA journal -- and regardless of whether access to the deposit is mad=
e Green OA immediately or only after a publisher embargo.<br>
<br>(b) Do not mandate or designate any extra money to pay for Gold OA: 
let=
 that come from the subscription cancellation savings -- if and when Green =
OA actually releases institutions to cancel 
subscriptions.<br><br>(c) To ti=
de over research access needs during any embargo, make sure to implement th=
e institutional repository&#39;s automated copy-request Button so that any 
=
user can request -- and any author can provide -- a single copy for researc=
h purposes with just one click each.<br>
<br><hr></blockquote></blockquote><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-f=
amily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Now please 
read ho=
w fully the Dutch government fell for the publishing lobby&#39;s nocturnal 
=
fantasy. (Tomorrow you will see the same from the UK.)</span><br 
style=3D"c=
olor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size=
:13px">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana=
,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Here is a quick google 
translat=
ion of excerpts from Sander Dekker, Secretary of Education, Culture and Sci=
ence, Netherlands on &quot;</span><a 
href=3D"https://t.co/redirect?url=3Dht=
tp%3A%2F%2Ft.co%2FBCEXH3YmCd&amp;sig=3D4f5a508aa12ff21e4d4aea3110c4ac4b87ad=
91ea&amp;uid=3D18504532&amp;iid=3D16196ef5995a423ca9dd4975e16e0a1d&amp;nid=
=3D136+1028&amp;t=3D1" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,ari=
al,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">Commitment to further 
developments =
in open access scientific publication</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51)=
;font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">&quot;</spa=
n><blockquote 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvet=
ica,sans-serif;font-size:13px">
<strong>Sander Dekker, Secretary of Education, Culture and Science, 
Netherl=
ands:<br></strong><br>&quot;A clear choice in favour of 
Open Access publica=
tions; the transition process provides the necessary speed and shortens the=
 transition period, thus avoiding unnecessary additional costs... .<br>
<br>&quot;The Green road is the form in which the author publishes an 
artic=
le in a journal. In addition, the author deposits a version of the article =
in Open Access electronic archive ( repository ). There are both discipline=
-based and university-based repositories. The system of paid subscriptions =
to journals continues. Publishers often negotiate embargo periods that can =
range from several months to several years before an article can be made OA=
 through a repository. During the embargo period, only the paid version of =
the journal accessible. This constitutes a source of revenue for publishers=
. Moreover, there are publisher restrictions on the version of an article i=
n the repository. Sometimes this may only be the version that has not yet b=
een peer reviewd...<br>
<br>&quot;Netherlands is in a special position because it has a 
number of m=
ajor scientific publishers within its borders. That makes dialogue between =
science and the Dutch publishing possible...<br><br>&quot;In 
the UK, a nati=
onal committee chaired by Dame Janet Finch laid the foundation for the Open=
 Access policy of the United Kingdom. The report of the Commission Finch se=
rves as a solid standard . It contains a thorough analysis of developments =
and progress. The Committee notes that due to the major changes it is imper=
ative that all players act together and she advises to achieve by focusing =
on Open Access journals. Transition Following this advice, the British gove=
rnment earmarked 10 million pounds for Open Access. The initial signs indic=
ate that this has not led to an accelerated transition , but rather a conti=
nuation of the transition...<br>
<br>&quot;The transition to the Golden Road: My preference is for 
Open Acce=
ss publishing in journals that make their articles accessible free, the Gol=
den road. My aim is to achieve OA within ten years: a full transition to Op=
en Access Golden Road by 2024. to achieve this, at least 60 percent of the =
scientific publications Open Access should be available in about five years=
 through the Gold OA journals...<br>
<br>&quot;The real change can only be achieved if we work together at 
the i=
nternational level with National cooperation and coordination equally impor=
tant...<br><br>&quot;Open Access in the coming years: Dutch 
universities, K=
NAW and NWO should give priority to Open Access Golden road...<br>
<br>&quot;While the publishers have not yet made the transition to 
Open Acc=
ess Golden road I prefer hybrid Open Access, where the institution pays for=
 publication in a traditional journal...<br><br>&quot;For 
disciplines where=
 the potential for Gold Open Access journals is still limited, it is possib=
le to provide OA via the Green road...<br>
<br>&quot;1. Consultation with likeminded countries: I will get in 
touch wi=
th a number of like-minded countries to promote and acceleration Open Acces=
s. I refer primarily to the United Kingdom and Germany . This is because th=
ere are a large number of important commercial and academic publishers in t=
he Netherlands and in these two countries i. In addition, Denmark, Finland,=
 Belgium and France are leading like-minded countries...<br>
<br>&quot;2. Create conditions under which open access possible: An 
importa=
nt momentum in the transition to Open Access publications when the scientif=
ic organizations and major scientific publishers agree on subscriptions to =
scientific journals . This &#39;big deals&#39; always apply for some 
years=
=85.&quot;<br>
<br>&quot;3. reports: If the parties concerned are not sufficiently 
committ=
ed , or developments in insufficient progress , the minister and I imagine =
that the obligation to publish Gold OA to be included in the Law on Higher =
Education in 2016 Open Access and Research Act (WHW )=85.&quot;<br>
<br><strong>Sander Dekker, Secretary of Education, Culture and 
Science, Net=
herlands</strong></blockquote></div>

--001a11c2b01cd9472904eb517394--

        
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