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[BOAI] Re: BiorXiv: Deposit Institutionally, Export Centrally

From: "Gerritsma, Wouter" <wouter.gerritsma AT>
Date: Wed, 13 Nov 2013 11:35:45 +0000


Another example of this principle is Agris from the FAO which is fed by local 
repositories and instutional bibliogrpahies. And this has been working for 
years already.


From: boai-forum-bounces AT [mailto:boai-forum-bounces AT] On Behalf Of Stevan Harnad
Sent: woensdag 13 november 2013 12:15
To: Global Open Access List (Successor of AmSci)
Cc: jisc-repositories
Subject: [BOAI] BiorXiv: Deposit Institutionally, Export Centrally

Physicists have been spontaneously self-archiving in Arxiv since 
1991<>, but most other 
disciplines have not followed suit, despite the demonstrated 
benefits<> of providing 
open access in terms of research uptake, usage and impact.

It is for this reason that research funders and institutions worldwide are (at 
last) beginning to mandate<> (i.e., require) 
that their fundees and faculty self-archive.

For open access mandates to work, however, it has to be possible to 
systematically monitor and verify 

Not all research is funded (and there are many different research funders); but 
virtually all research comes from institutions (universities and research 
institutes), most of which now have institutional 
repositories<> for their researchers to 
self-archive in.

Institutions are hence the natural (and eager) partners best placed to fulfill 
the all-important role of monitoring and ensuring 
compliance<> with the requirements of their own researchers' grant requirements, via their own institutional repositories. (This also gives institutions the incentive to adopt open access self-archiving mandates of their own, for all their research output, funded and unfunded, in all disciplines.)

Researchers, in turn, should only need to deposit their articles once, 
institutionally -- not willy-nilly, and multiply, in diverse 
institution-external repositories.

The solution is simple, since all open access repositories are interoperable, 
meaning they share the same core metadata-tagging system, and hence each 
institution's repository software can automatically export its metadata to any 
other institution-external repository desired.

That way researchers need only deposit once, in their own institutional 
repository; institutional and funder open access mandates areconvergent and 
cooperative<> rather than divergent and competitive; and mandate compliance can be reliably and systematically ensured by the author's institution.

So Biorxiv<> is a welcome addition to the growing list 
of disciplinary 
repositories<> for 
centralized search and retrieval, but deposit in Biorxiv should not be direct: 
researchers should export to it from their institutional repositories. (Biorxiv 
can also harvest from institutional repositories, just as Google and Google 
Scholar do.)

Biologists and biomedical scientists, unlike physicists, do not have a culture 
of spontaneous self-archiving. Hence open access mandates from funders and 
institutions are needed if there is to be open access to their research. And 
those mandates have to be readily complied with; and compliance has to be 
readily verifiable.

So let us not lose another quarter century hoping that biologists will at last 
do, of their own accord, what Arxiv users have already been doing, unmandated, 
since 1991. In 1994 there was already a "Subversive 
Proposal<>" -- 
unheeded -- that all disciplines should do as the Arxivers had done. Harold 
Varmus made a similar proposal<> 
("e-biomed") in 1999, likewise unheeded.

Let us start getting it right in 2013, the year that funders in the US, EU and 
UK have begun concertedly mandating open access, along with a growing number of 
institutions worldwide. But let us 
harmonize<> the mandates, to ensure that they work:

Arxiv has certainly earned the right to remain the sole 
exception<>, insofar as direct deposit is concerned, being the only institution-external repository in which authors have already been faithfully self-archiving, unmandated, for almost a quarter century:

For Arxiv, institutional repositories can import instead of export. But for the 
rest: Deposit institutionally, export centrally.

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