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[BOAI] 1st-Party Give-Aways vs. 3rd-Party Rip-Offs

From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum AT gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 7 Aug 2013 10:37:29 -0400


Threading:      • This Message
             [BOAI] Re: 1st-Party Give-Aways vs. 3rd-Party Rip-Offs from amsciforum AT gmail.com

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If supplying eprints to requesters could be delegated to 3rd parties like
Repository 
Managers<https://theconversation.com/neuroscientists-need-to-embrace-open-access-publishing-too-16736#comment_198916>
to
perform automatically, then they would become violations of copyright
contracts.

What makes the eprint-request
Button<https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/DSPACE/RequestCopy> legal
is the fact that it is the *author* who decides, in each individual
instance, whether or not to comply with an individual eprint request for
his own work; *it does not happen automatically*.

Think about it: If it were just the fact of requesters having to do two
keystrokes for access instead of just one (OA), then the compliance
keystroke might as well have been done by software rather than the
Repository Manager! And that would certainly not be compliance with a
publisher OA embargo. "Almost OA" would just become 2-stroke OA.

No. What makes the eprint-request
Button<https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/DSPACE/RequestCopy> both
legal and subversive is that it is not 3rd-party
piracy<http://users.ecs.soton.ac.uk/harnad/Hypermail/Amsci/0671.html>
(by
either a Repository Manager or an automatic computer programme) but 1st-party
provision of individual
copies<http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/262893/1/resolution.html#9.1>,
to individual requesters, for research purposes, by the author, in each
individual instance: the latter alone continues the long accepted tradition
of reprint-provision by scholars and scientists to their own work.

If reprint-request cards had been mailed instead to 3rd-parties who simply
photocopied anyone's articles and mailed them to requesters (with or
without a fee) the practice would have been attacked in the courts by
publishers as piracy long ago.

*The best way to undermine the Button as a remedy against publisher OA
mandates, and to empower the publishing lobby to block it, would be to
conflate it with 2-stroke 3rd-party OA!*

That practice should never be recommended.

Rather, make crystal clear the fundamental difference between 1st-party
give-away and 3rd-party rip-off.


[Parenthetically: Of course it is true that all these legal and technical
distinctions are trivial nonsense! It is an ineluctable fact that the
online PostGutenberg medium has made technically and economically possible
and easily feasible what was technically and economically impossible in the
Gutenberg medium: *to make all refereed research articles* -- each, without
exception, an author give-away, written purely for research impact rather
than royalty income -- *immediately accessible to all would-be users*, not
just to subscribers: OA. That outcome is both optimal and inevitable for
research; researchers; their institutions; their funders; the R&D industry;
students; teachers; journalists; the developing world; access-denied
scholars and scientists; the general public; research uptake, productivity,
impact and progress; and the tax-payers who fund the research. *The only
parties with whose interests that optimal outcome is in conflict are the
refereed-research publishers* who had been providing an essential service
to research in the Gutenberg era. It is that publishing "tail" that 
is now
trying to wag the research "dog," to deter and delay what is optimal 
and
inevitable for research for as long as possible, by invoking Gutenberg-era
pseudo-legal pseudo-technicalities to try to embargo OA, by holding it
hostage to their accustomed revenue streams and *modus operandi*. OA
mandates, the immediate-deposit clause, and the eprint-request Button are
the research community's means of mooting these delay tactics and hastening
the natural evolution to the optimal and inevitable outcome in the
PostGutenberg era.]

Sale, A., Couture, M., Rodrigues, E., Carr, L. and Harnad, S. (2012) Open
Access Mandates and the "Fair Dealing"
Button<http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18511/>.
In: *Dynamic Fair Dealing: Creating Canadian Culture
Online<http://www.utppublishing.com/Dynamic-Fair-Dealing-Creating-Canadian-Culture-Online.html>
* (Rosemary J. Coombe & Darren Wershler, Eds.)

--047d7b33daf22636f204e35c7b0c
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Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

<p style=3D"margin:0px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,=
255)">If supplying eprints to requesters could be=A0</span><a 
href=3D"https=
://theconversation.com/neuroscientists-need-to-embrace-open-access-publishi=
ng-too-16736#comment_198916" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verda=
na,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,2=
55)">delegated to 3rd parties like Repository 
Managers</a><span style=3D"co=
lor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:=
13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0to perform automatically, 
then t=
hey would become violations of copyright contracts.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"c=
olor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size=
:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">What makes 
the=A0</span><a href=3D"htt=
ps://wiki.duraspace.org/display/DSPACE/RequestCopy" 
style=3D"font-size:13px=
;color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;backgro=
und-color:rgb(255,255,255)">eprint-request Button</a><span 
style=3D"color:r=
gb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;=
background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0legal is the fact that it is 
the=A0</=
span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,s=
ans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">author</em><spa=
n 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0who decides, in 
eac=
h individual instance, whether or not to comply with an individual eprint r=
equest for his own work;=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-fam=
ily:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(=
255,255,255)">it does not happen automatically</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb=
(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;ba=
ckground-color:rgb(255,255,255)">.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51=
);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-=
color:rgb(255,255,255)">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">Think about it: If it were just 
the fa=
ct of requesters having to do two keystrokes for access instead of just one=
 (OA), then the compliance keystroke might as well have been done by softwa=
re rather than the Repository Manager! And that would certainly not be comp=
liance with a publisher OA embargo. &quot;Almost OA&quot; would just 
become=
 2-stroke OA.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,ar=
ial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">No. What makes 
the=A0</span><a href=3D=
"https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/DSPACE/RequestCopy" 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;bac=
kground-color:rgb(255,255,255)">eprint-request Button</a><span 
style=3D"col=
or:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:1=
3px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0both legal and subversive is 
that=
=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://users.ecs.soton.ac.uk/harnad/Hypermail/Amsci/06=
71.html" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,s=
ans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">it is not 
3rd-p=
arty piracy</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial=
,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0=
(by either a Repository Manager or an automatic computer programme) but=A0<=
/span><a 
href=3D"http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/262893/1/resolution.html#9.1" s=
tyle=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;=
font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">1st-party provision 
of in=
dividual copies</a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,a=
rial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)"=
>, to individual requesters, for research purposes, by the author, in each =
individual instance: the latter alone continues the long accepted tradition=
 of reprint-provision by scholars and scientists to their own work.=A0</spa=
n><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">If reprint-request cards had been 
mail=
ed instead to 3rd-parties who simply photocopied anyone&#39;s articles and 
=
mailed them to requesters (with or without a fee) the practice would have b=
een attacked in the courts by publishers as piracy long ago.</span><br 
styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><em 
style=3D"color:r=
gb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;=
background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">The best way to undermine the Button 
as =
a remedy against publisher OA mandates, and to empower the publishing lobby=
 to block it, would be to conflate it with 2-stroke 3rd-party 
OA!</em><br s=
tyle=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;=
font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">That practice should never be 
recommen=
ded.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helve=
tica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">Rather, make crystal clear the 
fundame=
ntal difference between 1st-party give-away and 3rd-party 
rip-off.</span></=
p>
<p style=3D"margin:0px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verd=
ana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,=
255)"><br></span></p><p 
style=3D"margin:0px"><span style=3D"color:rgb(51,51=
,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;backgrou=
nd-color:rgb(255,255,255)">[Parenthetically: Of course it is true that 
all =
these legal and technical distinctions are trivial nonsense! It is an inelu=
ctable fact that the online PostGutenberg medium has made technically and e=
conomically possible and easily feasible what was technically and economica=
lly impossible in the Gutenberg medium:=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,=
51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;backgr=
ound-color:rgb(255,255,255)">to make all refereed research 
articles</em><sp=
an 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-se=
rif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0-- each, 
without e=
xception, an author give-away, written purely for research impact rather th=
an royalty income --=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:=
verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,=
255,255)">immediately accessible to all would-be 
users</em><span style=3D"c=
olor:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size=
:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">, not just to subscribers: OA. 
Tha=
t outcome is both optimal and inevitable for research; researchers; their i=
nstitutions; their funders; the R&amp;D industry; students; teachers; 
journ=
alists; the developing world; access-denied scholars and scientists; the ge=
neral public; research uptake, productivity, impact and progress; and the t=
ax-payers who fund the research.=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);=
font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-co=
lor:rgb(255,255,255)">The only parties with whose interests that 
optimal ou=
tcome is in conflict are the refereed-research publishers</em><span 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font=
-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0who had been providing 
an =
essential service to research in the Gutenberg era. It is that publishing 
&=
quot;tail&quot; that is now trying to wag the research 
&quot;dog,&quot; to =
deter and delay what is optimal and inevitable for research for as long as =
possible, by invoking Gutenberg-era pseudo-legal pseudo-technicalities to t=
ry to embargo OA, by holding it hostage to their accustomed revenue streams=
 and=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,he=
lvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">modus =
operandi</em><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,h=
elvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">. 
OA =
mandates, the immediate-deposit clause, and the eprint-request Button are t=
he research community&#39;s means of mooting these delay tactics and 
hasten=
ing the natural evolution to the optimal and inevitable outcome in the Post=
Gutenberg era.]</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,=
arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)=
">
<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">Sale, A., Couture, M., Rodrigues, 
E., =
Carr, L. and Harnad, S. (2012)=A0</span><a 
href=3D"http://eprints.ecs.soton=
.ac.uk/18511/" 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,51,102);font-family:verdana,arial,helve=
tica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">Open 
Acce=
ss Mandates and the &quot;Fair Dealing&quot; Button</a><span 
style=3D"color=
:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">. In:=A0</span><em 
style=3D"color:rgb(=
51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:13px;bac=
kground-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><a 
href=3D"http://www.utppublishing.com/Dyn=
amic-Fair-Dealing-Creating-Canadian-Culture-Online.html" 
style=3D"color:rgb=
(0,51,102)">Dynamic Fair Dealing: Creating Canadian Culture 
Online</a></em>=
<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,51,51);font-family:verdana,arial,helvetica,sans=
-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0(Rosemary 
J. Co=
ombe &amp; Darren Wershler, Eds.)</span></p>


--047d7b33daf22636f204e35c7b0c--

        
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