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[BOAI] Re: Message from Emerald for Librarians

From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum AT gmail.com>
Date: Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:15:56 -0400


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*Rebecca Marsh *Director of External Relations and Services* *| Emerald
Group Publishing Limited

& *Tony Roche *Publishing Director* *| Emerald Group Publishing Limited 
hav=
e
posted their defence of the Emerald policy changes reported by Richard
Poynder: "Open Access: Emerald's Green Starts to
Fade"<http://poynder.blogspot.ca/2013/06/open-access-emeralds-green-starts-=
to.html>


First, a paraphrase of what Marsh & Roche wrote:


"(1) All Emerald authors may do immediate, unembargoed open access
self-archiving if they *wish*, but (2) not if they *must*. If they must
self-archive, they must wait 24 months or ask individually for 
permission."


The sensible Emerald author will self-archive immediately, and ignore
clause (2) completely. It is empty, unverifiable, unenforceable,
pseudo-legal FUD
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fear,_uncertainty_and_doubt> that
has been added as a perverse effect of the folly of the UK Finch
Committee<http://www.google.ca/#output=3Dsearch&sclient=3Dpsy-ab&q=3Dharnad=
+finch+folly&oq=3Dharnad+finch+folly&gs_l=3Dhp.3...2883.5878.0.6372.18.18.0=
.0.0.0.169.1777.13j5.18.0...0.0...1c.1.17.psy-ab.bMKSMmcpmzo&pbx=3D1&bav=3D=
on.2,or.r_cp.r_qf.&bvm=3Dbv.48293060,d.dmg&fp=3Db516a1fd1cf6ebe7&biw=3D1137=
&bih=3D688>recommendations.


The Emerald policy tweak is obviously to cash in on the money that the UK
has decided to squander on pre-emptive "Fools Gold" OA, as well as to 
try
to fend off universal Green OA as long as is humanly possible.


Below I reproduce the Emerald representatives' posting's text, cutting out
the empty verbiage, to make the double-talk clearly visible and
comprehensible.

 *Apologies for cross-posting*****
>
>  ****
>
> "...Emerald has had a Green Open Access [OA] policy for over a 
decade.
> [All Emerald] authors who personally wish to self-archive the pre- or
> post-print version of their article on their own website or in a
> repository... can do this immediately upon official publication of their
> paper. This principle continues to underpin our Green OA policy and remai=
ns
> unchanged....
>
**
>
>  ****
>
> "...[Emerald] has provided an alternative route to OA for researchers 
who
> are mandated to make their papers Open Access immediately, or after a
> specified period. We also set the Article Processing Charge (APC) at a
> relatively low level to assist authors...
>
****
>
>  ****
>
> "Emerald has... requested that authors wait 24 months before 
depositing
> their post-prints if a mandate is in place. Where a mandate exists for
> deposit immediately on publication or with a shorter mandate but no APC
> fund is provided, we invite all authors to contact us..."
>

Plans by universities and research funders to pay the costs of Gold OA
pre-emptively today are premature.

Funds are short; 80% of journals (including virtually all the top journals)
are still subscription-based, tying up the potential funds to pay for Gold
OA. Hence, for institutions, paying pre-emptively for Gold OA today means
double-paying -- subscriptions for their incoming articles plus APCs for
their outgoing articles-- and in the case of "hybrid Gold," when both 
sums
are paid to the very same journal, it also means double-dipping by
publishers.

Even apart from double-paying and double-dipping, the asking APC price per
article for Gold OA today (whether "pure" or "hybrid") is 
still inflated;
and there is concern that paying to publish may also inflate acceptance
rates as well as lower quality standards to maximize revenue in the case of
"pure Gold" OA.

What is needed now is for all universities and funders worldwide to mandate
OA self-archiving (of authors' final peer-reviewed drafts, immediately upon
acceptance for publication) ("Green OA").

That will provide immediate OA; and if and when universal Green OA goes on
to make subscriptions unsustainable (because users are satisfied with just
the Green OA versions) that will in turn induce journals to cut costs
(phasing out the print edition and online edition, offloading
access-provision and archiving onto the worldwide network of Green OA
Institutional Repositories), downsize to just providing the service of peer
review, and convert to the Gold OA cost-recovery model; meanwhile, the
subscription cancellations will have released the funds to pay this
residual service cost.

The natural way to charge for the service of peer review then will be on a
"no-fault basis," with the author's institution or funder paying for 
each
round of refereeing, regardless of outcome (acceptance,
revision/re-refereeing, or rejection). This will minimize cost while
protecting against inflated acceptance rates and decline in quality
standards.

This is the difference between today's pre-emptive pre-Green double-paid,
double-dipped over-priced pre-Green "Fools Gold" and tomorrow's 
affordable,
sustainable, post-Green Fair Gold.

Harnad, S. (2010) No-Fault Peer Review Charges: The Price of Selectivity
Need Not Be Access Denied or
Delayed<http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july10/harnad/07harnad.html>.
D-Lib Magazine 16 (7/8).

Houghton, J. & Swan, A. (2013) Planting the Green Seeds for a Golden
Harvest: Comments and Clarifications on "Going for
Gold"<http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january13/houghton/01houghton.html>.
D-Lib Magazine 19 (1/2)

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<div><b><span lang=3D"EN-US" 
style=3D"font-size:10pt;font-family:Arial,sans=
-serif">Rebecca Marsh</span><span 
lang=3D"EN-US"><u>=A0</u></span></b><span=
 style=3D"font-family:Arial,sans-serif;font-size:10pt">Director of 
External=
 Relations and Services</span><i 
style=3D"font-family:Arial,sans-serif;font=
-size:10pt">=A0</i><span 
style=3D"font-family:Arial,sans-serif;font-size:10=
pt">| Emerald Group Publishing Limited</span></div>
<div><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
lang=3D"EN-US" style=3D"font-size:10pt;fo=
nt-family:Arial,sans-serif">&amp;=A0</span><b><span 
lang=3D"EN-US" style=3D=
"font-size:10pt;font-family:Arial,sans-serif">Tony 
Roche</span><span lang=
=3D"EN-US"><u>=A0</u></span></b><span 
style=3D"font-family:Arial,sans-serif=
;font-size:10pt">Publishing Director</span><i 
style=3D"font-family:Arial,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:10pt">=A0</i><span 
style=3D"font-family:Arial,sans-serif=
;font-size:10pt">| Emerald Group Publishing Limited=A0</span>have 
posted th=
eir defence of the Emerald policy changes reported by Richard Poynder: 
&quo=
t;<a 
href=3D"http://poynder.blogspot.ca/2013/06/open-access-emeralds-green-=
starts-to.html">Open Access: Emerald&#39;s Green Starts to 
Fade&quot;</a></=
p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><br></p><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal">First, a paraphrase o=
f what Marsh &amp; Roche wrote: =A0</p><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><br></p></div=
><blockquote style=3D"margin:0 0 0 
40px;border:none;padding:0px"><div><p cl=
ass=3D"MsoNormal">
&quot;(1) All Emerald authors may do immediate, unembargoed open access 
sel=
f-archiving if they <i>wish</i>, but (2) not if they 
<i>must</i>. If they m=
ust self-archive, they must wait 24 months or ask individually for permissi=
on.&quot;</p>
</div></blockquote><div><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><br></p><p 
class=3D"MsoNorma=
l">The sensible Emerald author will self-archive immediately, and 
ignore cl=
ause (2) completely. It is empty, unverifiable, unenforceable, pseudo-legal=
 <a 
href=3D"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fear,_uncertainty_and_doubt">FUD</=
a>=A0that has been added as a perverse effect of the <a 
href=3D"http://www.=
google.ca/#output=3Dsearch&amp;sclient=3Dpsy-ab&amp;q=3Dharnad+finch+folly&=
amp;oq=3Dharnad+finch+folly&amp;gs_l=3Dhp.3...2883.5878.0.6372.18.18.0.0.0.=
0.169.1777.13j5.18.0...0.0...1c.1.17.psy-ab.bMKSMmcpmzo&amp;pbx=3D1&amp;bav=
=3Don.2,or.r_cp.r_qf.&amp;bvm=3Dbv.48293060,d.dmg&amp;fp=3Db516a1fd1cf6ebe7=
&amp;biw=3D1137&amp;bih=3D688">folly of the UK Finch 
Committee</a> recommen=
dations.=A0</p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><br></p><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal">The Emerald policy tw=
eak is obviously to cash in on the money that the UK has decided to squande=
r on pre-emptive &quot;Fools Gold&quot; OA, as well as to try to fend 
off u=
niversal Green OA as long as is humanly possible.</p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><br></p><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"></p><p class=3D"MsoNo=
rmal">Below I reproduce the Emerald representatives&#39; 
posting&#39;s text=
, cutting out the empty verbiage, to make the double-talk clearly visible a=
nd comprehensible.=A0</p>
<div><br></div><p></p><div 
class=3D"gmail_quote"><blockquote class=3D"gmail=
_quote" style=3D"margin:0 0 0 .8ex;border-left:1px #ccc 
solid;padding-left:=
1ex">





<div lang=3D"EN-GB" link=3D"blue" 
vlink=3D"purple">
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Ar=
ial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">*Apologies for 
cross-posting*</span><u></=
u><u></u></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Ar=
ial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">=A0</span><u></u><u></u></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-family:Arial,sans-serif;font-siz=
e:10pt">&quot;...Emerald has had a Green Open Access [OA] policy 
for over a=
 decade. [All Emerald] authors who personally wish to self-archive the pre-=
 or post-print version of their article on their
 own website or in a repository... can do this immediately upon official pu=
blication of their paper. This principle continues to underpin our Green OA=
 policy and remains 
unchanged....</span></p></div></div></blockquote><block=
quote class=3D"gmail_quote" style=3D"margin:0 0 0 
.8ex;border-left:1px #ccc=
 solid;padding-left:1ex">
<div lang=3D"EN-GB" link=3D"blue" 
vlink=3D"purple"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><=
u></u></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Ar=
ial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">=A0</span><u></u><u></u></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Ar=
ial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">&quot;...[Emerald] 
has provided an altern=
ative route to OA for researchers who are mandated to make their papers Ope=
n Access immediately, or after a specified period. We also set the Article =
Processing Charge (APC) at a relatively low level to assist authors...</spa=
n>=A0</p>
</div></blockquote><blockquote class=3D"gmail_quote" 
style=3D"margin:0 0 0 =
.8ex;border-left:1px #ccc solid;padding-left:1ex"><div 
lang=3D"EN-GB" link=
=3D"blue" vlink=3D"purple"><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:=
10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">
</span><u></u><u></u></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Ar=
ial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">=A0</span><u></u><u></u></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Ar=
ial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">&quot;Emerald has... 
requested that autho=
rs wait 24 months before depositing
 their post-prints if a mandate is in place. Where a mandate exists for dep=
osit immediately on publication or with a shorter mandate but no APC fund i=
s provided, we invite all authors to contact 
us...&quot;</span></p></div>
</blockquote><div><br></div><div>Plans by 
universities and research funders=
 to pay the costs of Gold OA pre-emptively today are 
premature.=A0</div><di=
v><br></div><div>Funds are short; 80% of journals 
(including virtually all =
the top journals) are still subscription-based, tying up the potential fund=
s to pay for Gold OA. Hence, for institutions, paying pre-emptively for Gol=
d OA today means double-paying -- subscriptions for their incoming articles=
 plus APCs for their outgoing articles-- and in the case of &quot;hybrid 
Go=
ld,&quot; when both sums are paid to the very same journal, it also means 
d=
ouble-dipping by publishers.</div>
<div><br></div><div>Even apart from double-paying and 
double-dipping, the a=
sking APC price per article for Gold OA today (whether &quot;pure&quot; 
or =
&quot;hybrid&quot;) is still inflated; and there is concern that paying 
to =
publish may also inflate acceptance rates as well as lower quality standard=
s to maximize revenue in the case of &quot;pure Gold&quot; 
OA.=A0</div>
<div><br></div><div>What is needed now is for all 
universities and funders =
worldwide to mandate OA self-archiving (of authors&#39; final 
peer-reviewed=
 drafts, immediately upon acceptance for publication) (&quot;Green 
OA&quot;=
).=A0</div>
<div><br></div><div>That will provide immediate OA; and 
if and when univers=
al Green OA goes on to make subscriptions unsustainable (because users are =
satisfied with just the Green OA versions) that will in turn induce journal=
s to cut costs (phasing out the print edition and online edition, offloadin=
g access-provision and archiving onto the worldwide network of Green OA Ins=
titutional Repositories), downsize to just providing the service of peer re=
view, and convert to the Gold OA cost-recovery model; meanwhile, the subscr=
iption cancellations will have released the funds to pay this residual serv=
ice cost.</div>
<div><br></div><div>The natural way to charge for the 
service of peer revie=
w then will be on a &quot;no-fault basis,&quot; with the 
author&#39;s insti=
tution or funder paying for each round of refereeing, regardless of outcome=
 (acceptance, revision/re-refereeing, or rejection). This will minimize cos=
t while protecting against inflated acceptance rates and decline in quality=
 standards.</div>
<div><br></div><div>This is the difference between 
today&#39;s pre-emptive =
pre-Green double-paid, double-dipped over-priced pre-Green &quot;Fools 
Gold=
&quot; and tomorrow&#39;s affordable, sustainable, post-Green Fair 
Gold.</d=
iv>
<div><br></div><div>Harnad, S. (2010) <a 
href=3D"http://www.dlib.org/dlib/j=
uly10/harnad/07harnad.html">No-Fault Peer Review Charges: The Price of 
Sele=
ctivity Need Not Be Access Denied or Delayed</a>. D-Lib Magazine 16 
(7/8).=
=A0</div>
<div><br></div><div>Houghton, J. &amp; Swan, A. 
(2013) <a href=3D"http://ww=
w.dlib.org/dlib/january13/houghton/01houghton.html">Planting the Green 
Seed=
s for a Golden Harvest: Comments and Clarifications on &quot;Going for 
Gold=
&quot;</a>. D-Lib Magazine 19 (1/2)=A0</div>
</div></div>

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