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[BOAI] Is Green Open Access in the process of fading away?

From: "Richard Poynder" <richard.poynder AT>
Date: Mon, 17 Jun 2013 22:22:09 +0100

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             [BOAI] Re: Is Green Open Access in the process of fading away? from harnad AT

When last July Research Councils UK (RCUK) announced its new Open Access
(OA) policy it sparked considerable controversy, not least because the
policy required researchers to "prefer" Gold OA (OA publishing) over 
OA (self-archiving). The controversy was such that earlier this year the
House of Lords Science & Technology Committee launched an inquiry into the
implementation of the policy and the subsequent report was highly critical
of RCUK.


As a result of the criticism, RCUK published two clarifications. Amongst
other things, this has seen Green OA reinstated as a viable alternative to
Gold. At the same time, however, RCUK extended the permissible maximum
embargo before papers can be self-archived from 12 to 24 months. OA
advocates - who maintain that a six-month embargo is entirely adequate -
responded by arguing that this would simply encourage publishers who did not
have an embargo to introduce one, and those that did have one to lengthen
it. As a result, they added, many research papers would be kept behind
publishers' paywalls unnecessarily.


It has begun to appear that these warnings may have been right. Evidence
that publishers have indeed begun to respond to RCUK's policy in this way
was presented during a second inquiry into OA - this time by the House of
Commons Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS) Committee. The Committee cited
the case of a UK publisher who recently introduced a 24-month embargo where
previously it did not have one. The publisher was not named, but it turns
out to be a UK-based company called Emerald.


Why did Emerald decide that an embargo is now necessary where previously it
was not? Why do the details of the embargo on Emerald's web site differ from
the details sent to the publisher's journal editors? And what does Emerald's
decision to introduce a two-year embargo presage for the development of Open
Access? To my surprise, obtaining answers to the first two questions proved
more difficult than I had anticipated.


More here:


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