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[BOAI] Developing a unified rule for openness: Interview with Alek Tarkowski

From: Iryna Kuchma <iryna.kuchma AT eifl.net>
Date: Fri, 31 May 2013 14:23:03 +0300


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[Forwarded message from Richard Poynder]

Twenty years ago the European Organisation for Nuclear Research =97 better
known as CERN =97 published a statement that made the technology that
underpins the Web available on a royalty-free basis. By making the software
required to run a web server, along with a basic browser and a library of
code, free for all CERN paved the way for a revolution in innovation and
creativity.****

As a result, the Web has impacted the world in many varied ways =97 not lea=
st
by generating a stream of new products and services, and by allowing the
creation of a multitude of novel new ways for sharing information and
knowledge, and on a global basis.

It has also seen the emergence of an accompanying flood of free and open
movements committed to promoting greater sharing of ideas and content, and
for increased transparency and civic participation in organisations, in
communities, and in government. We have seen, for instance, the emergence
of the open access, free and open-source software, open data, open science,
open politics, and open government movements.****

And to facilitate the free flow of information and creativity enabled by
the Web, Creative Commons was founded, and tasked with developing new-style
licences to make sharing as frictionless as possible.****

Initially these movements were bottom-up, citizen-led developments. More
recently, governments have become interested in greater openness and
sharing too, and begun to encourage and even require it, particularly where
resources are created from public funds. Thus we have seen the US National
Institutes of Health (NIH) introduce its Public Access Policy, the EU
introduce its OA Policy, and we have seen the proposed FASTR Act and the
recently announced US Open Data Policy.****

To date, these top-down initiatives have tended to be piecemeal, and
invariably focused on one type of public resource =97 e.g. publicly funded
research or government data.****

At the end of last year, however, a new bill was proposed in Poland that
would aim to adopt a more joined-up approach to the openness of public
resources. If enacted, the Open Public Resources Act would provide =93a
unified rule for as large a part of Poland=92s public resources as possible=
=94,
says Alek Tarkowski an activist for greater openness in Poland.****

Given its radical approach, the proposed bill has attracted a good deal of
criticism, and it remains unclear how =97 or even whether =97 it will becom=
e
law. If it does pass, says Tarkowski, it will doubtless be watered down in
the process.****

Whatever its fate, the proposed bill raises some interesting and complex
issues. As such, it is worth reviewing its aspirations and objectives, and
the nature of the criticism it attracted. In order to do this I conducted
an email interview with Tarkowski recently.****

Tarkowski was a member of the Board of Strategic Advisors to the Prime
Minister of Poland that drafted the initial concept of the proposed bill.
He is also the director of Centrum Cyfrowe Projekt: Polska and co-founder
and Public Lead of Creative Commons Poland.****

The interview can be read here: ****

http://poynder.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/developing-unified-rule-for-openness.=
html
****

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<div dir=3D"ltr">[Forwarded message from <b 
class=3D"gmail_sendername">Rich=
ard Poynder</b><span 
dir=3D"ltr">]</span><br><div 
class=3D"gmail_quote"><di=
v link=3D"#0563C1" vlink=3D"#954F72" 
lang=3D"EN-GB"><div><p class=3D""><spa=
n style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;ser=
if&quot;">Twenty years ago the European Organisation for Nuclear 
Research =
=97 better known as CERN =97 published a statement that made the technology=
 that underpins the Web available on a royalty-free basis. By making the so=
ftware required to run a web server, along with a basic browser and a libra=
ry of code, free for all CERN paved the way for a revolution in innovation =
and creativity.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">As a result, the Web has 
impacted the world in =
many varied ways =97 not least by generating a stream of new products and s=
ervices, and by allowing the creation of a multitude of novel new ways for =
sharing information and knowledge, and on a global 
basis.</span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"></span></p><p 
class=3D""><span style=3D"font-si=
ze:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">It has a=
lso seen the emergence of an accompanying flood of free and open movements =
committed to promoting greater sharing of ideas and content, and for increa=
sed transparency and civic participation in organisations, in communities, =
and in government. We have seen, for instance, the emergence of the open ac=
cess, free and open-source software, open data, open science, open politics=
, and open government 
movements.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"></span></p><p 
class=3D""><span style=3D"font-si=
ze:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">And to f=
acilitate the free flow of information and creativity enabled by the Web, C=
reative Commons was founded, and tasked with developing new-style licences =
to make sharing as frictionless as 
possible.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"></span></p><p 
class=3D""><span style=3D"font-si=
ze:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">Initiall=
y these movements were bottom-up, citizen-led developments. More recently, =
governments have become interested in greater openness and sharing too, and=
 begun to encourage and even require it, particularly where resources are c=
reated from public funds. Thus we have seen the US National Institutes of H=
ealth (NIH) introduce its Public Access Policy, the EU introduce its OA Pol=
icy, and we have seen the proposed FASTR Act and the recently announced US =
Open Data Policy.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"></span></p><p 
class=3D""><span style=3D"font-si=
ze:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">To date,=
 these top-down initiatives have tended to be piecemeal, and invariably foc=
used on one type of public resource =97 e.g. publicly funded research or go=
vernment data.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"></span></p><p 
class=3D""><span style=3D"font-si=
ze:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">At the e=
nd of last year, however, a new bill was proposed in Poland that would aim =
to adopt a more joined-up approach to the openness of public resources. If =
enacted, the Open Public Resources Act would provide =93a unified rule for =
as large a part of Poland=92s public resources as possible=94, says Alek Ta=
rkowski an activist for greater openness in 
Poland.<u></u><u></u></span></p=
>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"></span></p><p 
class=3D""><span style=3D"font-si=
ze:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">Given it=
s radical approach, the proposed bill has attracted a good deal of criticis=
m, and it remains unclear how =97 or even whether =97 it will become law. I=
f it does pass, says Tarkowski, it will doubtless be watered down in the pr=
ocess.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"></span></p><p 
class=3D""><span style=3D"font-si=
ze:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">Whatever=
 its fate, the proposed bill raises some interesting and complex issues. As=
 such, it is worth reviewing its aspirations and objectives, and the nature=
 of the criticism it attracted. In order to do this I conducted an email in=
terview with Tarkowski 
recently.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"></span></p><p 
class=3D""><span style=3D"font-si=
ze:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">Tarkowsk=
i was a member of the Board of Strategic Advisors to the Prime Minister of =
Poland that drafted the initial concept of the proposed bill. He is also th=
e director of Centrum Cyfrowe Projekt: Polska and co-founder and Public Lea=
d of Creative Commons 
Poland.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"></span></p><p 
class=3D""><span style=3D"font-si=
ze:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New 
Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;">The inte=
rview can be read here: 
<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><span 
style=3D"font-size:12pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Rom=
an&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;"><a 
href=3D"http://poynder.blogspot.co.uk/2013/0=
5/developing-unified-rule-for-openness.html" 
target=3D"_blank">http://poynd=
er.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/developing-unified-rule-for-openness.html</a><u><=
/u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D""><br></p></div></div>
<br></div><br></div>

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