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[BOAI] =?iso-8859-2?q?Open_Access_in_Poland=3A_Interview_with_Bo=BFena?=

From: "Richard Poynder" <ricky AT>
Date: Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:21:55 +0100

Bożena Bednarek-Michalska is an information specialist and deputy director
of the Nicolaus Copernicus University Library in Torun, Poland. She is also
a member of Poland's Open Education Coalition (KOED), a board member of
SPARC Europe, and the EIFL-OA country coordinator for Poland.


While conducting the interview with Bednarek-Michalska three things struck
me as noteworthy about the current state of Open Access in Poland.


First, Bednarek-Michalska reports that access to research information in
Poland is "not bad". In light of Harvard University's 2012 Memorandum
arguing that subscription-based scholarly publishing is now "fiscally
unsustainable" this is striking. Harvard is the world's wealthiest
university. If Harvard is struggling, why are Polish universities not
struggling too?




The second thing to strike me was that, unlike most journals published in
Western Europe and North America, Polish journals are not viewed as a source
of revenue. Indeed, since it is assumed that the role of scholarly journals
is to disseminate research, rather than make money, they tend to be
subsidised. For this reason, no doubt, many Polish journals are produced not
by commercial publishers, but by the organisations that generate the
research in the first place - universities and institutes.




Third, it would appear that activists in Poland tend to view OA as just one
component of a much broader movement for openness. This is perhaps because
they became interested in the topic at a later stage than those in the West
(where OA has been an issue for some twenty years now). As a result, they
entered the debate at a point where a number of different open movements
were beginning to coalesce.


This broader approach is reflected in a new draft bill called the "Act on
Open Public Resources". If the bill were to become a reality it would 
to all publicly-funded scientific, educational and cultural resources. That
is, it would cover not just scholarly papers and scientific data, but (where
they were publicly-funded, or produced by a  public institution) "maps and
plans, photographs, films and microfilms, audio and video recordings,
opinions, analysis, reports and other works and subject-matter of related
rights in the meaning of the law of 1994 on copyright and related rights, as
well as databases in the meaning of the law of 2001 on the legal protection
of databases." (As translated by Tomasz Targosz of Jagiellonian 


The interview can be read here:


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