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[BOAI] Re: Origin of "green" and "gold" OA
From: Shigeki Sugita <ssugita AT chiba-u.jp>
Dear Jean-Claude and Stevan, Thank you for explaining. Days ago, one of my colleagues here in Japan asked me if gold OA is the royal ↵ road in highest grade over all flavors of OA. He wondered so by analogy to "Gold Medals". I could not answered to it with clarity. So I'd like to know furthermore, not their definitions but the etymology of the ↵ words. As for "green", > an ecological, self-help solution it seems satisfactory and conclusive! Then, why is OA journals publishing named "gold", not red, blue, ↵ white, etc? Shigeki (2013/04/19 21:32), Stevan Harnad wrote: > On 2013-04-18, at 11:59 PM, Shigeki Sugita <ssugita AT chiba-u.jp ↵ <mailto:ssugita AT chiba-u.jp>> wrote: > >> Someone please teach me about the original meanings or implications of ↵ "green" and "gold" at the time of the first BOAI ↵ recommendation. Why was self-archving named as "green" and OA ↵ journals as "gold"? >> >> green: green light? "RoMEO-green"? >> gold: highest grade? (like "Gold Medal") > > The original BOAI ↵ <http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/openaccess/read>in 2002 consisted ↵ of two strategies, BOAI-1 and BOAI-2: > > To achieve open access to scholarly journal literature, we recommend ↵ two complementary strategies. > > *I. *Self-Archiving ↵ <http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/%7Eharnad/Tp/nature4.htm>: First, scholars ↵ need the tools and assistance ↵ <http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=g20#6> to deposit their ↵ refereed journal articles in open electronic archives, a practice commonly ↵ called, self-archiving*.* When these archives conform to standards created by ↵ the Open Archives Initiative <http://www.openarchives.org/>, then search ↵ engines and other tools can treat the separate archives as one. Users then need ↵ not know which archives exist or where they are located in order to find and ↵ make use of their contents. > > *II. *Open-access Journals <http://www.doaj.org/>: Second, ↵ scholars need the means to launch a new generation of journals committed to ↵ open access, and to help existing journals that elect to make the transition to ↵ open access. Because journal articles should be disseminated as widely as ↵ possible, these new journals will no longer invoke copyright to restrict access ↵ to and use of the material they publish. Instead they will use copyright and ↵ other tools to ensure permanent open access to all the articles they publish. ↵ Because price is a barrier to access, these new journals will not charge ↵ subscription or access fees, and will turn to other methods for covering their ↵ expenses. There are many alternative sources of funds for this purpose, ↵ including the foundations and governments that fund research, the universities ↵ and laboratories that employ researchers, endowments set up by discipline or ↵ institution, friends of the cause of open access, profits from the sale of > add-ons to the basic texts, funds freed up by the demise or ↵ cancellation of journals charging traditional subscription or access fees, or ↵ even contributions from the researchers themselves. There is no need to favor ↵ one of these solutions over the others for all disciplines or nations, and no ↵ need to stop looking for other, creative alternatives. > > > These were then dubbed Green OA and Gold OA, respectively, in 2004: > > Harnad, S., Brody, T., Vallieres, F., Carr, L., Hitchcock, S., Gingras, Y, ↵ Oppenheim, C., Stamerjohanns, H., & Hilf, E. (2004) The Access/Impact ↵ Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access ↵ <http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10209/>./ Serials Review/ 30. *Shorter ↵ version:* The green and the gold roads to Open Access ↵ <http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/21.html>. /Nature Web ↵ Focus/.** > * > * > > None of this has anything to do with "highest grade" or ↵ "Gold Medals". > > And SHERPA Romeo's colour-code is regrettably (but incorrigibly, despite ↵ repeated requests across the years) at odds with the BOAI distinction, because ↵ it arbitrarily restricts "green" to publishers who endorse the ↵ self-archiving of both unrefereed preprints and refereed postprints, and ↵ "blue" for publishers who endorse the self-archiving of regereed ↵ postprints only, but not preprints: Both SHERPA/Romeo "green" and ↵ SHERPA/Romeo "blue" are of course BOAI Green. > > Metaphorically, one can say that Green OA is an ecological, self-help ↵ solution, on the part of the research community. Gold OA is a "de ↵ luxe" solution that also depends on the conversion of publishers to ↵ another cost-recovery model. > > My own view is that Globally Green OA mandates will first provide 100% OA ↵ and then induce publishers to convert to Gold OA (at a fair price: Fair Gold). > > Stevan Harnad > > > > > -- > To unsubscribe from the BOAI Forum, use the form on this page: > http://www.soros.org/openaccess/forum.shtml?f > -- Shigeki Sugita <ssugita AT chiba-u.jp> Chiba University Library, Japan -- To unsubscribe from the BOAI Forum, use the form on this page: http://www.soros.org/openaccess/forum.shtml?f
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