Budapest Open Access Initiative      

Budapest Open Access Initiative: BOAI Forum Archive

[BOAI] [Forum Home] [index] [prev] [next] [options] [help]

boaiforum messages

[BOAI] How Flexibility Supports the Goals of Copyright Law: Fair use and the U.S. Library Experience

From: Carolina Rossini <carolina.rossini AT gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:38:05 -0400


--047d7bd75ebaafb45404da805811
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=windows-1252
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

How Flexibility Supports the Goals of Copyright Law: Fair use and the U.S.
Library Experience <http://infojustice.org/archives/29214>
Posted by Elizabeth
Hadzima<http://infojustice.org/archives/author/elizabeth-hadzima> on
April 4, 2013Add comments <http://infojustice.org/archives/29214#respond>


[image: bl] 
<http://infojustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/bl.jpg>*[Exc=
erpt
from a white paper<http://infojustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Hadzim=
a-and-Wood-How-Flexibility-Supports-the-Goals-of-Copyright-Law.pdf>
prepared
by Elizabeth Hadzima, Alexandra Wood, Lila Bailey, and Jennifer Urban]  *

This briefing paper describes how the flexibility of the fair use doctrine
in United States (U.S.) copyright law helps U.S. libraries fulfill their
missions and offers suggestions for how flexible limitations and
exceptions, when used in conjunction with purpose-specific exceptions or
other approaches, might similarly benefit libraries outside of the United
States. The experience of U.S. libraries may be beneficial in understanding
the valuable role that flexibility can play in creating robust copyright
frameworks that can assist libraries in performing their vital public
responsibilities. Increasing libraries=92 capacity to perform their key
activities allows the public to realize its investment in libraries and
also benefits society as a whole.

Because libraries gather, store, exhibit, and provide access to resources
and information, copyright law affects librarians=92 work extensively and i=
n
complex ways. In conducting their work, librarians may use purpose-specific
exceptions, which define specific carve-outs for certain uses of
copyrighted materials, or a combination of purpose-specific exceptions
along with flexible limitations, depending on the jurisdiction.

This paper first describes the experience of U.S. libraries in applying
flexible limitations, specifically fair use, under U.S. copyright law. This
paper=92s focus on the importance of fair use to U.S. libraries should not =
be
interpreted as suggesting that the other, more purpose-specific exceptions
in the U.S. Copyright Act are not important to libraries. Rather, this
paper aims to illustrate how flexibility can complement purpose-specific
exceptions to help libraries fulfill their missions by allowing them to
perform their key functions, adapt quickly to changing circumstances such
as new technologies, and provide the public with greater access to
information.

The paper also suggests that the benefits conferred on the public by
providing libraries with flexible limitations and exceptions are not
limited to the experience of U.S. libraries. The paper concludes that
communities around the world stand to benefit from incorporating into their
copyright laws flexible limitations and exceptions, of which fair use is
but one example, alongside purpose-specific exceptions.

FULL PAPER: How Flexibility Supports the Goals of Copyright Law: Fair use
and the U.S. Library
Experience<http://infojustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Hadzima-and-Wo=
od-How-Flexibility-Supports-the-Goals-of-Copyright-Law.pdf>


--=20
*Carolina Rossini*
http://carolinarossini.net/
+ 1 6176979389
*carolina.rossini AT gmail.com*
skype: carolrossini
 AT carolinarossini

--047d7bd75ebaafb45404da805811
Content-Type: text/html; charset=windows-1252
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

<div class=3D"title" 
style=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px=
;font-size:12px;float:left;width:740px"><h1 
class=3D"posttitle" style=3D"ma=
rgin:3px 0px 2px;padding:0px 0px 4px;border-width:0px 0px 1px;border-bottom=
-style:dotted;border-bottom-color:rgb(204,204,204);outline:0px;font-size:24=
px;line-height:1.1em;font-weight:normal">
<a href=3D"http://infojustice.org/archives/29214" 
class=3D"entry-title" rel=
=3D"bookmark" title=3D"How Flexibility Supports the Goals of 
Copyright Law:=
 Fair use and the U.S. Library Experience" 
style=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px;=
border:0px;outline:0px;text-decoration:none;color:rgb(120,120,120)">How 
Fle=
xibility Supports the Goals of Copyright Law: Fair use and the U.S. Library=
 Experience</a></h1>
<div class=3D"postdata fix" 
style=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;outl=
ine:0px;font-size:10.666666984558105px;color:rgb(153,153,153)"><span 
class=
=3D"author" style=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px 10px 0px 
0px;border:0px;outline=
:0px;float:left;display:inline-block;color:rgb(170,170,170);max-width:250px=
">Posted by=A0<span class=3D"vcard" 
style=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px;border:=
0px;outline:0px"><a 
href=3D"http://infojustice.org/archives/author/elizabet=
h-hadzima" class=3D"url fn" rel=3D"author" 
style=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px;=
border:0px;outline:0px;text-decoration:none;color:rgb(153,153,153)">Elizabe=
th Hadzima</a></span>=A0on April 4, 2013</span><span 
class=3D"comments" sty=
le=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px 10px 0px 
0px;border:0px;outline:0px;float:righ=
t"><a 
href=3D"http://infojustice.org/archives/29214#respond" 
style=3D"margi=
n:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px;text-decoration:none;color:rgb(153=
,153,153)">Add comments</a></span></div>
</div><span class=3D"post-format-icon" 
style=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px;bord=
er:0px;outline:0px;font-size:12px;width:50px;height:50px;background-repeat:=
no-repeat no-repeat">=A0</span><div 
class=3D"entry-container fix" style=3D"=
margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px;font-size:12px">
<div class=3D"entry fix" style=3D"margin:0px 0px 
1em;padding:15px 0px 5px;b=
order:0px;outline:0px;clear:both;line-height:1.6em;overflow:hidden"><p clas=
s=3D"first-para" style=3D"margin:0px 0px 
1.5em;padding:0px;border:0px;outli=
ne:0px;font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;background-color:rgb(255,255,=
255)">
<a 
href=3D"http://infojustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/bl.jpg" 
style=
=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px;text-decoration:none;colo=
r:rgb(0,142,208)"><img class=3D"alignleft size-full 
wp-image-29215" alt=3D"=
bl" 
src=3D"http://infojustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/bl.jpg" 
width=
=3D"159" style=3D"margin: 0px 10px 5px 0px; padding: 0px; 
border: none; out=
line: 0px; float: left; max-width: 100%;"></a><em 
style=3D"margin:0px;paddi=
ng:0px;border:0px;outline:0px">[Excerpt from a=A0<a 
href=3D"http://infojust=
ice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Hadzima-and-Wood-How-Flexibility-Support=
s-the-Goals-of-Copyright-Law.pdf" 
style=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0p=
x;outline:0px;text-decoration:none;color:rgb(0,142,208)">white 
paper</a>=A0=
prepared by Elizabeth Hadzima, Alexandra Wood, Lila Bailey, and Jennifer Ur=
ban] =A0</em></p>
<p style=3D"margin:0px 0px 
1.5em;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px;font-fa=
mily:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">This 
bri=
efing paper describes how the flexibility of the fair use doctrine in Unite=
d States (U.S.) copyright law helps U.S. libraries fulfill their missions a=
nd offers suggestions for how flexible limitations and exceptions, when use=
d in conjunction with purpose-specific exceptions or other approaches, migh=
t similarly benefit libraries outside of the United States. The experience =
of U.S. libraries may be beneficial in understanding the valuable role that=
 flexibility can play in creating robust copyright frameworks that can assi=
st libraries in performing their vital public responsibilities. Increasing =
libraries=92 capacity to perform their key activities allows the public to =
realize its investment in libraries and also benefits society as a whole.<s=
pan id=3D"more-29214" 
style=3D"margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0p=
x"></span></p>
<p style=3D"margin:0px 0px 
1.5em;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px;font-fa=
mily:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">Because =
libraries gather, store, exhibit, and provide access to resources and infor=
mation, copyright law affects librarians=92 work extensively and in complex=
 ways. In conducting their work, librarians may use purpose-specific except=
ions, which define specific carve-outs for certain uses of copyrighted mate=
rials, or a combination of purpose-specific exceptions along with flexible =
limitations, depending on the jurisdiction.</p>
<p style=3D"margin:0px 0px 
1.5em;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px;font-fa=
mily:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">This 
pap=
er first describes the experience of U.S. libraries in applying flexible li=
mitations, specifically fair use, under U.S. copyright law. This paper=92s =
focus on the importance of fair use to U.S. libraries should not be interpr=
eted as suggesting that the other, more purpose-specific exceptions in the =
U.S. Copyright Act are not important to libraries. Rather, this paper aims =
to illustrate how flexibility can complement purpose-specific exceptions to=
 help libraries fulfill their missions by allowing them to perform their ke=
y functions, adapt quickly to changing circumstances such as new technologi=
es, and provide the public with greater access to information.</p>
<p style=3D"margin:0px 0px 
1.5em;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px;font-fa=
mily:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">The 
pape=
r also suggests that the benefits conferred on the public by providing libr=
aries with flexible limitations and exceptions are not limited to the exper=
ience of U.S. libraries. The paper concludes that communities around the wo=
rld stand to benefit from incorporating into their copyright laws flexible =
limitations and exceptions, of which fair use is but one example, alongside=
 purpose-specific exceptions.</p>
<p style=3D"margin:0px 0px 
1.5em;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px;font-fa=
mily:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">FULL 
PAP=
ER:=A0<a 
href=3D"http://infojustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Hadzima-=
and-Wood-How-Flexibility-Supports-the-Goals-of-Copyright-Law.pdf" 
style=3D"=
margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;outline:0px;text-decoration:none;color:rg=
b(0,142,208)">How Flexibility Supports the Goals of Copyright Law: Fair 
use=
 and the U.S. Library Experience</a></p>
<div><br></div></div></div><div><br></div>-- <br><div><b>Carolina Rossini</=
b>=A0<div><div><font color=3D"#3333ff"><a 
href=3D"http://carolinarossini.ne=
t/" 
target=3D"_blank">http://carolinarossini.net/</a></font></div><div><fon=
t color=3D"#666666">+ 1 6176979389</font><br>
<font color=3D"#666666">*</font><a 
href=3D"mailto:carolina.rossini AT gmail.co=
m" style=3D"color:rgb(102,102,102)" 
target=3D"_blank">carolina.rossini AT gmai=
l.com</a><font 
color=3D"#666666">*</font></div></div></div><div><font color=
=3D"#666666">skype: carolrossini</font></div>
<div><font color=3D"#666666"> AT 
carolinarossini</font></div><div><br></div>

--047d7bd75ebaafb45404da805811--

        
--      
To unsubscribe from the BOAI Forum, use the form on this page:
http://www.soros.org/openaccess/forum.shtml?f


[BOAI] [Forum Home] [index] [prev] [next] [options] [help]

 E-mail:  openaccess@soros.org .