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[BOAI] Worldwide open access: UK leadership?

From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum AT gmail.com>
Date: Mon, 4 Mar 2013 07:20:56 -0500


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Harnad, Stevan (2013) Worldwide open access: UK leadership? *UKSG Insights*
, 26, (1), Winter Issue, 14-21.
http://uksg.metapress.com/content/h53758314051l327/fulltext.pdf

*Abstract: *The web is destined to become humankind's cognitive commons,
where digital knowledge is jointly created and freely shared. The UK has
been a leader in the global movement toward open access (OA) to research
but recently its leadership has been derailed by the joint influence of the
publishing industry lobby from without and well-intentioned but premature
and unhelpful over-reaching from within the OA movement itself. The result
has been the extremely counterproductive =91Finch Report=92 followed by a n=
ew
draft of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) OA mandate, downgrading the role
of cost-free OA self-archiving of research publications (=91green OA=92) in
favor of paying subscription publishers over and above subscriptions, out
of scarce research funds, in exchange for making single articles OA
(=91hybrid gold OA=92). The motivation of the new policy is to reform
publication and to gain certain re-use rights (CC-BY), but the likely
effect would be researcher resistance, very little OA and a waste of
research funds. There is still time to fix the RCUK mandate and restore the
UK's leadership by taking a few very specific steps to clarify and
strengthen the green component by adding a mechanism for monitoring and
verifying compliance, with consequences for non-compliance, along lines
also being adopted in the EC and the US.

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<span class=3D"creators" 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;bac=
kground-color:rgb(255,255,255)"><span 
class=3D"person_name">Harnad, Stevan<=
/span></span><span 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;backgroun=
d-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0</span><span 
class=3D"date" style=3D"font-fami=
ly:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">(2013)=A0</=
span><span 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:=
rgb(255,255,255)"></span><span class=3D"title" 
style=3D"font-family:sans-se=
rif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">Worldwide open 
access=
: UK leadership?</span><span 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px=
;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">=A0</span><span 
class=3D"publication" s=
tyle=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,=
255)"><em>UKSG Insights</em></span><span 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;fo=
nt-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">,=A0</span><span class=3D"v=
olume" 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(=
255,255,255)">26</span><span 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px=
;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">,=A0</span><span 
class=3D"number" style=
=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)=
">(1)</span><span 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background=
-color:rgb(255,255,255)">,=A0</span><span 
class=3D"season" style=3D"font-fa=
mily:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">Winter</s=
pan><span 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:r=
gb(255,255,255)">=A0Issue,=A0</span><span 
class=3D"pagerange" style=3D"font=
-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color:rgb(255,255,255)">14-21<=
/span><span 
style=3D"font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;background-color=
:rgb(255,255,255)">.</span><div>
<a 
href=3D"http://uksg.metapress.com/content/h53758314051l327/fulltext.pdf"=
>http://uksg.metapress.com/content/h53758314051l327/fulltext.pdf</a></div><=
div><br></div><div><b>Abstract:=A0</b><span 
style=3D"background-color:rgb(2=
48,248,248);font-family:helvetica;font-size:12px;line-height:18px">The 
web =
is destined to become humankind&#39;s cognitive commons, where digital 
know=
ledge is jointly created and freely shared. The UK has been a leader in the=
 global movement toward open access (OA) to research but recently its leade=
rship has been derailed by the joint influence of the publishing industry l=
obby from without and well-intentioned but premature and unhelpful over-rea=
ching from within the OA movement itself. The result has been the extremely=
 counterproductive =91Finch Report=92 followed by a new draft of the Resear=
ch Councils UK (RCUK) OA mandate, downgrading the role of cost-free OA self=
-archiving of research publications (=91green OA=92) in favor of paying sub=
scription publishers over and above subscriptions, out of scarce research f=
unds, in exchange for making single articles OA (=91hybrid gold OA=92). The=
 motivation of the new policy is to reform publication and to gain certain =
re-use rights (CC-BY), but the likely effect would be researcher resistance=
, very little OA and a waste of research funds. There is still time to fix =
the RCUK mandate and restore the UK&#39;s leadership by taking a few very 
s=
pecific steps to clarify and strengthen the green component by adding a mec=
hanism for monitoring and verifying compliance, with consequences for non-c=
ompliance, along lines also being adopted in the EC and the 
US.</span></div=
>

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