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[BOAI] Re: House of Lords Sci/Tech C'tee's report on RCUK Open Access Policy published today!

From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum AT gmail.com>
Date: Fri, 22 Feb 2013 04:28:54 -0500


Threading: [BOAI] RCUK & HEFCE CEOs Misinterpret Economist John Houghton's Findings on Open Access Cost/Benefits from amsciforum AT gmail.com
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UK OA: TIME'S 'A WASTING


1. The House of Lords recommends determining whether other countries are
mandating gold OA or green OA.


(The finding will be that other countries are mandating green, and not
funding or preferring gold, as the RCUK has proposed to do. The outcome
will be that the UK mandates green and drops its preference [and perhaps
its funding] for gold, as it should have done in the first place.)


2. The Lords also recommend looking into discipline differences.


(The finding will be that all disciplines want and need OA and that
publishers differ in whether and how long an embargo they want on green OA.
The solution will be to mandate immediate, unembargoed deposit of all
peer-reviewed journal articles in institutional repositories, but to allow
an embargo of 6 months for making deposits in science, technology,
engineering and medical research OA and perhaps a somewhat longer embargo
for making arts, humanities and social science deposits OA. During the
embargo, the repositories will automatically facilitate authors' providing
individual emailed copies of the deposit to individual users for research
purposes on individual request.)


The Lords' data on current journal green OA embargo lengths (Figure 3),
focusing as it does on journal compliance with RCUK paid gold and embargoed
green policy, fails to show the most relevant data: the proportion of
journals already endorsing immediate, un-embargoed green OA, which is over
60% and includes almost all the top journals in most fields. The issue is
not crucial, however, because an immediate-deposit mandate moots any
indecision about embargo lengths: the immediate-deposit component -- if not
the embargo length -- is indeed one-size-fits-all.


The Lords' call for an examination of whether and which disciplines want
and need CC-BY licences for re-mix, re-use and re-publication is welcome.
(The finding will be that most if not all disciplines don't need it, and
certainly not as urgently as all disciplines want and need free online
access; hence CC-BY is no justification for double-paying publishers gold
OA.)


3. The only disappointment in the Lords' report is the treatment of
"compliance."


There are two independent aspects of compliance: Journal compliance and
author compliance. A policy mandating immediate deposit with no preference
for gold moots the major concerns about journal compliance.


But "slow implementation" is not the solution for ensuring author
compliance with green (immediate deposit).


This is the part of UK OA policy that needs the most attention, but it is
easily solved: Require institutional deposit, thereby recruiting
institutions to monitor and ensure immediate deposit; make grant
instalments and renewal contingent on compliance with the immediate
deposit-requirement (as many mandates worldwide are now doing); and
designate deposit as the sole route for submitting publications for
performance evaluation, research assessment and grant applications.


The remedies for the flaws in the proposed new RCUK policy are simple and
obvious, but they need to be attended to promptly now, otherwise the UK
will be the odd man out in the worldwide movement toward OA, instead of the
leader it had formerly been.

On Fri, Feb 22, 2013 at 3:47 AM, Richard Poynder <
richard.poynder AT btinternet.com> wrote:

> The House of Lords Science & Technology Committee has today published 
its
> report on implementation of the UK government=92s Open Access policy.****
>
> ** **
>
> Commenting, Lord Krebs, Chairman of the House of Lords Science and
> Technology Committee, said:****
>
> ** **
>
> =93RCUK did not consult or communicate effectively with key stakeholders =
in
> the publishing and academic communities when implementing its open access
> policy. While we are delighted that our inquiry has shown that RCUK are
> proposing to phase in their open access policy during the initial five-ye=
ar
> implementation phase, this should have been made clear much earlier. That
> is why we call upon the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills to
> review how RCUK communicated this important change.****
>
> ** **
>
> =93There are still many unknowns concerning the impact of the open access
> policy, which is why RCUK must commit to a wide rangeing review of its
> policy in 2014, 2016 and before it expects full compliance in 2018. We
> heard significant concern about the policy=92s =91one-size-fits-all=92 ap=
proach,
> and are pleased that RCUK are both aware of these concerns and prepared t=
o
> act on them.****
>
> ** **
>
> =93Open access is an inexorable trend. The Government must ensure that in
> further developing our capabilities to share research they do not
> inadvertently damage the =91complex ecosystem=92 of research communicatio=
n in
> the UK.=94****
>
> ** **
>
> The report is available here: http://ow.ly/hWw0f****
>
> ** **
>
> RCUK=92s response is here: http://ow.ly/hWwaE****
>
> ** **
>
> Times Higher news story here: http://ow.ly/hWxbT****
>
> ** **
>
> A background piece here: http://j.mp/11XPsoX****
>
> ** **
>
> ** **
>
> ** **
>
> *From:* Repositories discussion list [mailto:
> JISC-REPOSITORIES AT JISCMAIL.AC.UK] *On Behalf Of *CHARLES OPPENHEIM
> *Sent:* 22 February 2013 09:46
> *To:* JISC-REPOSITORIES AT JISCMAIL.AC.UK
> *Subject:* House of Lords Sci/Tech C'tee's report on RCUK Open Access
> Policy published today!****
>
> ** **
>
> Don't have a URL for it, and have not yet read it, but rumour has it that
> it is critical of RCUK's commitment to Gold****
>
> ** **
>
> Charles****
>
>  ****
>
> Professor Charles Oppenheim****
>
> ** **
>
> ** **
>

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<p style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">UK 
OA: TIME&#3=
9;S &#39;A WASTING</p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">1. 
The House o=
f Lords recommends determining whether other countries are mandating gold O=
A or green OA.=A0</p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">(The 
finding w=
ill be that other countries are mandating green, and not funding or preferr=
ing gold, as the RCUK has proposed to do. The outcome will be that the UK m=
andates green and drops its preference [and perhaps its funding] for gold, =
as it should have done in the first place.)</p>

<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">2. 
The Lords a=
lso recommend looking into discipline differences.=A0</p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">(The 
finding w=
ill be that all disciplines want and need OA and that publishers differ in =
whether and how long an embargo they want on green OA. The solution will be=
 to mandate immediate, unembargoed deposit of all peer-reviewed journal art=
icles in institutional repositories, but to allow an embargo of 6 months fo=
r making deposits in science, technology, engineering and medical research =
OA and perhaps a somewhat longer embargo for making arts, humanities and so=
cial science deposits OA. During the embargo, the repositories will automat=
ically facilitate authors&#39; providing individual emailed copies of the 
d=
eposit to individual users for research purposes on individual request.)</p=
>

<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">The 
Lords&#39;=
 data on current journal green OA embargo lengths (Figure 3), focusing as i=
t does on journal compliance with RCUK paid gold and embargoed green policy=
, fails to show the most relevant data: the proportion of journals already =
endorsing immediate, un-embargoed green OA, which is over 60% and includes =
almost all the top journals in most fields. The issue is not crucial, howev=
er, because an immediate-deposit mandate moots any indecision about embargo=
 lengths: the immediate-deposit component -- if not the embargo length -- i=
s indeed one-size-fits-all.=A0</p>

<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">The 
Lords&#39;=
 call for an examination of whether and which disciplines want and need CC-=
BY licences for re-mix, re-use and re-publication is welcome. (The finding =
will be that most if not all disciplines don&#39;t need it, and certainly 
n=
ot as urgently as all disciplines want and need free online access; hence C=
C-BY is no justification for double-paying publishers gold OA.)</p>

<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">3. 
The only di=
sappointment in the Lords&#39; report is the treatment of 
&quot;compliance.=
&quot;=A0</p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">There 
are two =
independent aspects of compliance: Journal compliance and author compliance=
. A policy mandating immediate deposit with no preference for gold moots th=
e major concerns about journal compliance.=A0</p>

<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">But 
&quot;slow=
 implementation&quot; is not the solution for ensuring author compliance 
wi=
th green (immediate deposit).=A0</p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">This is 
the pa=
rt of UK OA policy that needs the most attention, but it is easily solved: =
Require institutional deposit, thereby recruiting=A0 institutions to monito=
r and ensure immediate deposit; make grant instalments and renewal continge=
nt on compliance with the immediate deposit-requirement (as many mandates w=
orldwide are now doing); and designate deposit as the sole route for submit=
ting publications for performance evaluation, research assessment and grant=
 applications.</p>

<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica;min-height:14px=
"><br></p>
<p 
style=3D"margin:0px;font-size:12px;font-family:Helvetica">The 
remedies f=
or the flaws in the proposed new RCUK policy are simple and obvious, but th=
ey need to be attended to promptly now, otherwise the UK will be the odd ma=
n out in the worldwide movement toward OA, instead of the leader it had for=
merly been.</p>
<br><div class=3D"gmail_quote">On Fri, Feb 22, 2013 at 
3:47 AM, Richard Poy=
nder <span dir=3D"ltr">&lt;<a 
href=3D"mailto:richard.poynder AT btinternet.com=
" target=3D"_blank">richard.poynder AT 
btinternet.com</a>&gt;</span> wrote:<br=
><blockquote class=3D"gmail_quote" style=3D"margin:0 0 0 
.8ex;border-left:1=
px #ccc solid;padding-left:1ex">
<div lang=3D"EN-GB" link=3D"blue" 
vlink=3D"purple"><div><p class=3D"MsoNorm=
al"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuchet 
MS&quot;,&q=
uot;sans-serif&quot;">The House of Lords Science &amp; 
Technology Committee=
 has today published its report on implementation of the UK government=92s =
Open Access policy.</span><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot=
;Trebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tr=
ebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuche=
t MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">Commenting, Lord Krebs, 
Chairman of the =
House of Lords Science and Technology Committee, 
said:<u></u><u></u></span>=
</p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tr=
ebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuche=
t MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">=93RCUK did not consult 
or communicate e=
ffectively with key stakeholders in the publishing and academic communities=
 when implementing its open access policy. While we are delighted that our =
inquiry has shown that RCUK are proposing to phase in their open access pol=
icy during the initial five-year implementation phase, this should have bee=
n made clear much earlier. That is why we call upon the Department for Busi=
ness, Innovation and Skills to review how RCUK communicated this important =
change.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tr=
ebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuche=
t MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">=93There are still many 
unknowns concern=
ing the impact of the open access policy, which is why RCUK must commit to =
a wide rangeing review of its policy in 2014, 2016 and before it expects fu=
ll compliance in 2018. We heard significant concern about the policy=92s =
=91one-size-fits-all=92 approach, and are pleased that RCUK are both aware =
of these concerns and prepared to act on 
them.<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tr=
ebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuche=
t MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">=93Open access is an 
inexorable trend. T=
he Government must ensure that in further developing our capabilities to sh=
are research they do not inadvertently damage the =91complex ecosystem=92 o=
f research communication in the 
UK.=94<u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tr=
ebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuche=
t MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">The report is available 
here: <a href=3D=
"http://ow.ly/hWw0f" 
target=3D"_blank">http://ow.ly/hWw0f</a><u></u><u></u>=
</span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tr=
ebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuche=
t MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">RCUK=92s response is 
here: <a href=3D"ht=
tp://ow.ly/hWwaE" 
target=3D"_blank">http://ow.ly/hWwaE</a><u></u><u></u></s=
pan></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tr=
ebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuche=
t MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">Times Higher news story 
here: <a href=3D=
"http://ow.ly/hWxbT" 
target=3D"_blank">http://ow.ly/hWxbT</a><u></u><u></u>=
</span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tr=
ebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuche=
t MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">A background piece 
here:</span> <span st=
yle=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-ser=
if&quot;"><a href=3D"http://j.mp/11XPsoX" 
target=3D"_blank">http://j.mp/11X=
PsoX</a><u></u><u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tr=
ebuchet 
MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:11.0pt;color:#1f497d"><u></u>=A0<=
u></u></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:11.0pt;color:#1f497d"><u></=
u>=A0<u></u></span></p><div><div 
style=3D"border:none;border-top:solid #e1e=
1e1 1.0pt;padding:3.0pt 0cm 0cm 0cm"><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><b><span lang=
=3D"EN-US" 
style=3D"font-size:11.0pt;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,&quot;=
sans-serif&quot;">From:</span></b><span 
lang=3D"EN-US" style=3D"font-size:1=
1.0pt;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"> Repositories=
 discussion list [mailto:<a href=3D"mailto:JISC-REPOSITORIES AT 
JISCMAIL.AC.UK=
" target=3D"_blank">JISC-REPOSITORIES AT 
JISCMAIL.AC.UK</a>] <b>On Behalf Of <=
/b>CHARLES OPPENHEIM<br>
<b>Sent:</b> 22 February 2013 09:46<br><b>To:</b> 
<a href=3D"mailto:JISC-RE=
POSITORIES AT JISCMAIL.AC.UK" 
target=3D"_blank">JISC-REPOSITORIES AT JISCMAIL.AC.=
UK</a><br><b>Subject:</b> House of Lords Sci/Tech 
C&#39;tee&#39;s report on=
 RCUK Open Access Policy published 
today!<u></u><u></u></span></p>
</div></div><p 
class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=A0<u></u></p><div><div><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal" style=3D"background:white"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;f=
ont-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">Don&#39;t have a URL f=
or it, and have not yet read it, but rumour has it that it is critical of R=
CUK&#39;s commitment to 
Gold<u></u><u></u></span></p>
</div><div><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-fami=
ly:&quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><u></u>=A0<u></u></span></p></=
div><div><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family=
:&quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">Charles<u></u><u></u></span></p>
</div><div><p class=3D"MsoNormal" 
style=3D"background:white"><span style=3D=
"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;">=A0=
<u></u><u></u></span></p></div><div><p class=3D"MsoNormal" style=3D"backgro=
und:white">
<span 
style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-se=
rif&quot;">Professor Charles 
Oppenheim<u></u><u></u></span></p></div><div><=
div><div><p class=3D"MsoNormal" 
style=3D"background:white"><span style><u><=
/u>=A0<u></u></span></p>
</div><p class=3D"MsoNormal" 
style=3D"background:white"><span style><u></u>=
=A0<u></u></span></p></div></div></div></div></div></blockquote></div><br>

--047d7b66f1c7e5e03004d64cd195--

        
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