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[BOAI] Major new bill mandating open access introduced in Congress

From: Peter Suber <peter.suber AT gmail.com>
Date: Thu, 14 Feb 2013 15:42:02 -0500


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I just posted this news to my blog.
https://plus.google.com/109377556796183035206/posts/FZFvDhBLTzE


A new bill mandating OA to federally-funded research was just introduced
into both houses of Congress. It's called the Fair Access to Science and
Technology Research, or FASTR. It was introduced in the Senate by John
Cornyn (R-TX) and Ron Wyden (D-OR), and in the House by Mike Doyle (D-PA),
Zoe Lofgren (D-CA), and Kevin Yoder (R-KS).

The quickest possible introduction is to say that FASTR is a strengthened
version of FRPAA.

FRPAA was introduced in three earlier sessions of Congress (May 2006, April
2009, and February 2012), with growing momentum each time. But it never
came up for a vote. In the new session, Congressional supporters of OA
decided to up the game and introduce a strengthened version of the bill
rather than the same language. Both FRPAA and FASTR would essentially
strengthen the OA mandate at the NIH, by shortening the maximum embargo to
six months, and then extend the strengthened policy across the federal
government. FASTR goes one step further by requiring libre OA, not merely
gratis OA.

Because FRPAA is generally well-known among OA supporters, let me introduce
FASTR by comparing it to FRPAA.

Here's how FASTR and FRPAA are alike. (Section numbers in parentheses refer
to FASTR, not FRPAA.)

* Both cover the same set of agencies, namely, all those spending at least
$100 million/year to fund extramural research (Section 4.a).

* Both give agencies one year from the passage of the bill (4.a) to develop
their policies in conformity with the guidelines laid down in the bill.

* Both mandate "public access" (4.a.1, 4.b, 4.f.2.A), "free 
online public
access" (4.b.4), and "free public access" (4.b.7.B,4.f.2.A) 
without
defining these terms. I'll call this kind of access "open access" 
("OA")
here for convenience.

* Both mandate green OA (through repositories) (4.b.7.A), and are silent on
gold OA (through journals).

* Both require deposit of the final version of the author's peer-reviewed
manuscript (4.b.1). Both allow consenting publishers to replace that
version with the published version (4.b.3).

* Both give agencies freedom to designate a suitable repository for the
mandatory deposits, when suitability includes "free public access,
interoperability, and long-term preservation" (4.b.7). Agencies may host
their own repositories, the way NIH hosts PubMed Central, or ask grantees
to deposit in suitable institutional or disciplinary repositories.

* Both apply to research funded "in whole or in part" (4.b.1) by one 
of the
covered federal agencies.

* Both ask for OA "as soon as practicable" after publication in a
peer-reviewed journal, and both require it "no later than 6 months" 
after
publication (4.b.4). Both require immediate OA (unembargoed OA) for works
by government-employed researchers (4.c).

* Both avoid copyright problems by requiring agency policies to "make
effective use of any law or guidance relating to the creation and
reservation of a Government license that provides for the reproduction,
publication, release, or other uses of a final manuscript for Federal
purposes" (4.c.3). In writing about FRPAA, I've pointed out that this
allows agencies to use the NIH method for avoiding copyright problems, or
other methods not chosen by the NIH, including the use of certain, codified
government-purpose licenses.

* Both exempt classified research, unpublished research, royalty-producing
research such as books, and patentable discoveries (4.d.3).

* Both are explicit in not amending copyright law or patent law (4.e).

Here's how FASTR differs from FRPAA:

* FASTR contains a provision on coordinating agency policies (4.a 2): "To
the extent practicable, Federal agencies required to develop a
policy...shall follow common procedures for the collection and depositing
of research papers." This will reduce the burden on universities that need
to comply with procedures at all the covered agencies, and should have no
detrimental effect on OA. Indeed, it should improve compliance with agency
OA policies.

* FASTR contains three provisions calling for libre OA or open licensing:
--FASTR includes a new "finding" in its preamble (2.3): "the 
United States
has a substantial interest in maximizing the impact and utility of the
researchit funds by enabling a wide range of reuses of the peer-reviewed
literature that reports the results of such research, including by enabling
computationalanalysis by state-of-the-art technologies."
--FASTR includes a formatting and licensing provision (4.b.5): the versions
deposited in repositories and made OA shall be distributed "in formats and
under terms that enable productive reuse, including computational analysis
by state-of-the-art technologies."
--FASTR requires that the annual report from each covered agency include a
statement from the agency on "whether the terms of use applicable to such
research papers are effective in enabling productive reuse and
computational analysis by state-of-the-art technologies" (4.f.2.B.i) and
the results of the agency's "examination of whether such research papers
should include a royalty-free copyright license that is available to the
public and that permits the reuse of those research papers, on the
condition that attribution is given to the author or authors of the
research and any others designated by the copyright owner" (4.f.2.B.ii).

The Senate and House versions of FASTR are identical.

FASTR would apply to the Department of Health and Human Services, among
other agencies. Because HHS subsumes the NIH, FASTER would strengthen the
NIH policy both by shortening the embargo to six months and by requiring
open licenses. The NIH is already, by far, the world's largest funder of
non-classified research, with a research budget larger than the GDP of 140
nations. Because FASTR applies to more than a dozen other federal
departments as well, I can reaffirm my assessment from August 2009: "FRPAA
[and now FASTR] would mandate OA for more research literature than any
other policy ever adopted or ever proposed. It would significantly increase
both the corpus of OA literature and the worldwide momentum for funder OA
mandates. It would come as close as any single step could to changing the
default for the way we disseminate new scientific work, especially
publicly-funded work."
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/08-02-09.htm#frpaa

The NIH budget alone is more than six times larger than the budgets of all
seven of the UK research councils put together. Hence, it's significant
that FASTR disregards or repudiates the gold-oriented RCUK/Finch policy in
the UK, and sticks to the FRPAA model of a pure green mandate. For some of
the reasons why I think OA mandates should be green and not gold, or green
first, see my critique of the RCUK/Finch policy from September 2012.
http://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/9723075

Note that the bill was introduced not only on Valentine's Day, but on the
11th anniversary of the Budapest Open Access Initiative. It's fitting that
FASTR recommends libre OA, essentially CC-BY, and the ten-year anniversary
statement from the BOAI did the same in Recommendation 2.1: "We recommend
CC-BY or an equivalent license as the optimal license for the publication,
distribution, use, and reuse of scholarly work."
http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/openaccess/boai-10-recommendations

I wrote a "reference page" on FRPAA <http://bit.ly/hoap-frpaa> 
and have
started a similar one on FASTR <http://bit.ly/hoap-fastr>. So far it's 
got
little more than the summary of the bill I've written here. But I'll
enlarge the page over time with the bill's co-sponsors, major statements of
support and opposition, ways to help. Take a look and share the URL.

This is Part 1 in a series of blog posts on FASTR and other federal actions
to support OA to federally-funded research. I'll pull the series of posts
together for an article in the March issue of the SPARC Open Access
Newsletter.

Happy Valentines-BOAI day!

     Peter

Peter Suber
Director, Harvard Open Access Project
Fellow, Berkman Center for Internet & Society
Senior Researcher, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition
(SPARC)
bit.ly/suber-gplus

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<div dir=3D"ltr"><div class=3D"gmail_default" 
style=3D"font-family:&#39;tre=
buchet 
ms&#39;,sans-serif;font-size:small"><br></div><div 
class=3D"gmail_de=
fault" style=3D"font-family:&#39;trebuchet 
ms&#39;,sans-serif;font-size:sma=
ll">I just posted this news to my blog.</div>

<div class=3D"gmail_default"><font face=3D"trebuchet 
ms, sans-serif"><a hre=
f=3D"https://plus.google.com/109377556796183035206/posts/FZFvDhBLTzE">https=
://plus.google.com/109377556796183035206/posts/FZFvDhBLTzE</a></font><br></=
div>

<div class=3D"gmail_default"><font face=3D"trebuchet 
ms, sans-serif"><br></=
font></div><div class=3D"gmail_default" 
style=3D"font-family:&#39;trebuchet=
 ms&#39;,sans-serif;font-size:small"><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-fam=
ily:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
;line-height:18px">A new bill mandating OA to federally-funded research 
was=
 just introduced into both houses of Congress. It&#39;s called the Fair 
Acc=
ess to Science and Technology Research, or FASTR. It was introduced in the =
Senate by John Cornyn (R-TX) and Ron Wyden (D-OR), and in the House by Mike=
 Doyle (D-PA), Zoe Lofgren (D-CA), and Kevin Yoder 
(R-KS).=A0</span><br sty=
le=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-hei=
ght:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">The quickest possible introduction 
is t=
o say that FASTR is a strengthened version of FRPAA.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"=
color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18=
px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">FRPAA was introduced in three 
earlier s=
essions of Congress (May 2006, April 2009, and February 2012), with growing=
 momentum each time. But it never came up for a vote. In the new session, C=
ongressional supporters of OA decided to up the game and introduce a streng=
thened version of the bill rather than the same language. Both FRPAA and FA=
STR would essentially strengthen the OA mandate at the NIH, by shortening t=
he maximum embargo to six months, and then extend the strengthened policy a=
cross the federal government. FASTR goes one step further by requiring libr=
e OA, not merely gratis OA.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family=
:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">Because FRPAA is generally 
well-known a=
mong OA supporters, let me introduce FASTR by comparing it to FRPAA.=A0</sp=
an><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13p=
x;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">Here&#39;s how FASTR and FRPAA 
are alik=
e. (Section numbers in parentheses refer to FASTR, not 
FRPAA.)</span><br st=
yle=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-he=
ight:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both cover the same set of 
agencies, =
namely, all those spending at least $100 million/year to fund extramural re=
search (Section 4.a).</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both give agencies one year from 
the =
passage of the bill (4.a) to develop their policies in conformity with the =
guidelines laid down in the bill.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-=
family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both mandate &quot;public 
access&quot=
; (4.a.1, 4.b, 4.f.2.A), &quot;free online public access&quot; (4.b.4), 
and=
 &quot;free public access&quot; (4.b.7.B,4.f.2.A) without defining 
these te=
rms. I&#39;ll call this kind of access &quot;open access&quot; 
(&quot;OA&qu=
ot;) here for convenience.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:=
arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both mandate green OA (through 
reposi=
tories) (4.b.7.A), and are silent on gold OA (through 
journals).=A0</span><=
br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;li=
ne-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both require deposit of the final 
ver=
sion of the author&#39;s peer-reviewed manuscript (4.b.1). Both allow 
conse=
nting publishers to replace that version with the published version (4.b.3)=
.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-siz=
e:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both give agencies freedom to 
designa=
te a suitable repository for the mandatory deposits, when suitability inclu=
des &quot;free public access, interoperability, and long-term 
preservation&=
quot; (4.b.7). Agencies may host their own repositories, the way NIH hosts =
PubMed Central, or ask grantees to deposit in suitable institutional or dis=
ciplinary repositories.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:ari=
al,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both apply to research funded 
&quot;i=
n whole or in part&quot; (4.b.1) by one of the covered federal 
agencies.</s=
pan><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13=
px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both ask for OA &quot;as soon 
as prac=
ticable&quot; after publication in a peer-reviewed journal, and both 
requir=
e it &quot;no later than 6 months&quot; after publication (4.b.4). Both 
req=
uire immediate OA (unembargoed OA) for works by government-employed researc=
hers (4.c).</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-seri=
f;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both avoid copyright problems by 
requ=
iring agency policies to &quot;make effective use of any law or guidance 
re=
lating to the creation and reservation of a Government license that provide=
s for the reproduction, publication, release, or other uses of a final manu=
script for Federal purposes&quot; (4.c.3). In writing about FRPAA, 
I&#39;ve=
 pointed out that this allows agencies to use the NIH method for avoiding c=
opyright problems, or other methods not chosen by the NIH, including the us=
e of certain, codified government-purpose licenses.</span><br 
style=3D"colo=
r:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both exempt classified research, 
unpu=
blished research, royalty-producing research such as books, and patentable =
discoveries (4.d.3).</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,=
sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* Both are explicit in not amending 
cop=
yright law or patent law (4.e).</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-fa=
mily:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">Here&#39;s how FASTR differs 
from FRPAA=
:</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-siz=
e:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* FASTR contains a provision on 
coordin=
ating agency policies (4.a 2): &quot;To the extent practicable, Federal 
age=
ncies required to develop a policy...shall follow common procedures for the=
 collection and depositing of research papers.&quot; This will reduce the 
b=
urden on universities that need to comply with procedures at all the covere=
d agencies, and should have no detrimental effect on OA. Indeed, it should =
improve compliance with agency OA policies.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,=
0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">* FASTR contains three provisions 
calli=
ng for libre OA or open licensing:</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font=
-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
;line-height:18px">--FASTR includes a new &quot;finding&quot; 
in its preamb=
le (2.3): &quot;the United States has a substantial interest in maximizing 
=
the impact and utility of the researchit funds by enabling a wide range of =
reuses of the peer-reviewed literature that reports the results of such res=
earch, including by enabling computationalanalysis by state-of-the-art tech=
nologies.&quot;</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-=
serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
;line-height:18px">--FASTR includes a formatting and licensing 
provision (4=
.b.5): the versions deposited in repositories and made OA shall be distribu=
ted &quot;in formats and under terms that enable productive reuse, 
includin=
g computational analysis by state-of-the-art 
technologies.&quot;</span><br =
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-=
height:18px">

<span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px=
;line-height:18px">--FASTR requires that the annual report from each 
covere=
d agency include a statement from the agency on &quot;whether the terms of 
=
use applicable to such research papers are effective in enabling productive=
 reuse and computational analysis by state-of-the-art technologies&quot; 
(4=
.f.2.B.i) and the results of the agency&#39;s &quot;examination of 
whether =
such research papers should include a royalty-free copyright license that i=
s available to the public and that permits the reuse of those research pape=
rs, on the condition that attribution is given to the author or authors of =
the research and any others designated by the copyright owner&quot; 
(4.f.2.=
B.ii).</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;fon=
t-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">The Senate and House versions of 
FASTR =
are identical.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-s=
erif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">FASTR would apply to the Department 
of =
Health and Human Services, among other agencies. Because HHS subsumes the N=
IH, FASTER would strengthen the NIH policy both by shortening the embargo t=
o six months and by requiring open licenses. The NIH is already, by far, th=
e world&#39;s largest funder of non-classified research, with a research 
bu=
dget larger than the GDP of 140 nations. Because FASTR applies to more than=
 a dozen other federal departments as well, I can reaffirm my assessment fr=
om August 2009: &quot;FRPAA [and now FASTR] would mandate OA for more 
resea=
rch literature than any other policy ever adopted or ever proposed. It woul=
d significantly increase both the corpus of OA literature and the worldwide=
 momentum for funder OA mandates. It would come as close as any single step=
 could to changing the default for the way we disseminate new scientific wo=
rk, especially publicly-funded work.&quot; =A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb=
(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<a 
href=3D"http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/08-02-09.htm#frpaa=
" class=3D"" rel=3D"nofollow" 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,102,204);text-decoratio=
n:initial;font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">htt=
p://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/08-02-09.htm#frpaa</a><br 
style=
=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-heigh=
t:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">The NIH budget alone is more than 
six t=
imes larger than the budgets of all seven of the UK research councils put t=
ogether. Hence, it&#39;s significant that FASTR disregards or repudiates 
th=
e gold-oriented RCUK/Finch policy in the UK, and sticks to the FRPAA model =
of a pure green mandate. For some of the reasons why I think OA mandates sh=
ould be green and not gold, or green first, see my critique of the RCUK/Fin=
ch policy from September 2012.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-fam=
ily:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<a href=3D"http://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/9723075" 
class=3D"" rel=3D"nofo=
llow" 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,102,204);text-decoration:initial;font-family:ar=
ial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">http://dash.harvard.edu/han=
dle/1/9723075</a><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif=
;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">Note that the bill was introduced 
not o=
nly on Valentine&#39;s Day, but on the 11th anniversary of the Budapest 
Ope=
n Access Initiative. It&#39;s fitting that FASTR recommends libre OA, 
essen=
tially CC-BY, and the ten-year anniversary statement from the BOAI did the =
same in Recommendation 2.1: &quot;We recommend CC-BY or an equivalent 
licen=
se as the optimal license for the publication, distribution, use, and reuse=
 of scholarly work.&quot;</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:a=
rial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<a 
href=3D"http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/openaccess/boai-10-recomme=
ndations" class=3D"" rel=3D"nofollow" 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,102,204);text-d=
ecoration:initial;font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:1=
8px">http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/openaccess/boai-10-recommendatio=
ns</a><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:=
13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">I wrote a &quot;reference 
page&quot; on=
 FRPAA &lt;</span><a href=3D"http://bit.ly/hoap-frpaa" 
class=3D"" rel=3D"no=
follow" 
style=3D"color:rgb(51,102,204);text-decoration:initial;font-family:=
arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">http://bit.ly/hoap-frpaa<=
/a><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:1=
3px;line-height:18px">&gt; and have started a similar one on FASTR 
&lt;</sp=
an><a href=3D"http://bit.ly/hoap-fastr" class=3D"" 
rel=3D"nofollow" style=
=3D"color:rgb(51,102,204);text-decoration:initial;font-family:arial,sans-se=
rif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">http://bit.ly/hoap-fastr</a><span styl=
e=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-heig=
ht:18px">&gt;. So far it&#39;s got little more than the summary 
of the bill=
 I&#39;ve written here. But I&#39;ll enlarge the page over time with 
the bi=
ll&#39;s co-sponsors, major statements of support and opposition, ways to 
h=
elp. Take a look and share the URL.=A0</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);=
font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">This is Part 1 in a series of blog 
post=
s on FASTR and other federal actions to support OA to federally-funded rese=
arch. I&#39;ll pull the series of posts together for an article in the 
Marc=
h issue of the SPARC Open Access Newsletter.</span><br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0=
,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">

<br 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-serif;font-size:13px;l=
ine-height:18px"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial,sans-ser=
if;font-size:13px;line-height:18px">Happy Valentines-BOAI 
day!</span><br></=
div>

<div class=3D"gmail_default" 
style=3D"font-family:&#39;trebuchet ms&#39;,sa=
ns-serif;font-size:small"><span 
style=3D"color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:arial=
,sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:18px"><br></span></div><div class=3D=
"gmail_default">

<font color=3D"#000000" face=3D"arial, 
sans-serif"><span style=3D"line-heig=
ht:18px">=A0 =A0 =A0Peter</span></font></div><div 
class=3D"gmail_default"><=
font color=3D"#000000" face=3D"arial, 
sans-serif"><span style=3D"line-heigh=
t:18px"><br></span></font></div>

<div class=3D"gmail_default" style><font 
color=3D"#000000" face=3D"arial, s=
ans-serif"><span style=3D"line-height:18px">Peter 
Suber</span></font></div>=
<div class=3D"gmail_default" style><font 
color=3D"#000000" face=3D"arial, s=
ans-serif"><span style=3D"line-height:18px">Director, 
Harvard Open Access P=
roject</span></font></div>

<div class=3D"gmail_default" style><font 
color=3D"#000000" face=3D"arial, s=
ans-serif"><span style=3D"line-height:18px">Fellow, 
Berkman Center for Inte=
rnet &amp; Society</span></font></div><div 
class=3D"gmail_default" style><f=
ont color=3D"#000000" face=3D"arial, 
sans-serif"><span style=3D"line-height=
:18px">Senior Researcher, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources 
Coali=
tion (SPARC)</span></font></div>

<div class=3D"gmail_default" style><font 
color=3D"#000000" face=3D"arial, s=
ans-serif"><span style=3D"line-height:18px"><a 
href=3D"http://bit.ly/suber-=
gplus">bit.ly/suber-gplus</a></span></font></div><div class=3D"gmail_defaul=
t" style>

<br></div></div>

--e89a8fb1f820e3f93e04d5b54cd8--

        
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