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[BOAI] News release: Text mining promises huge economic and research benefit, but copyright law and other barriers are limiting its use, says JISC report

From: Peter Suber <peter.suber AT gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 14 Mar 2012 10:38:31 -0400


Threading:      • This Message
             [BOAI] Re: News release: Text mining promises huge economic and research benefit, but copyright law and other barriers are limiting its use, says JISC report from holloway.julia AT tiscali.it

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[Forwarding from JISC, via the Open-Science list.  --Peter Suber.]


News release
14 March 2012

Text mining promises huge economic and research benefit, but copyright law
and other barriers are limiting its use, says JISC report

A new JISC report shows that text mining - a complex and innovative method
of searching and analysing data - has huge potential benefits for the UK
economy and knowledge base, but its use is being held back by copyright law
and other barriers.

Read the report <
http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/reports/2012/value-and-benefits-of-text-=
mining.aspx
>

Sir Mark Walport, the director of the Wellcome Trust, said at a related
event last night: "This is a complete no-brainer. This is scholarly
research funded from the public purse, largely from taxpayer and
philanthropic organisations. The taxpayer has the right to have maximum
benefit extracted and that will only happen if there is maximum access to
it."

Text mining draws on data analysis techniques such as natural language
processing and information extraction to find new knowledge and meaningful
patterns within large collections.

Torsten Reimer, JISC programme manager, explains, =93Text mining is already
producing efficiencies and new knowledge in areas as diverse as biological
science, particle physics, media and communications. It has been used to
hypothesise the causes of rare diseases and how pre-existing drugs could be
used to target different diseases.

=93The technique was also used recently to analyse the vast amount of text
produced on websites, blogs and social media such as Twitter - where
copyright holders allowed - and showed that the messages exchanged on
Twitter during the English riots of 2011 were not to blame for inciting
riots," added Torsten.

The business benefit of text mining is in identifying emerging trends, and
to explore consumer preferences and competitor developments. Text mining is
particularly used in larger companies as part of their customer
relationship management strategy and in the pharmaceutical industry as part
of their research and development strategy.

The report shows that such techniques could enable researchers in UK
universities to gain new knowledge that would otherwise remain undiscovered
because there is just too much relevant literature for any one person to
read. Such discoveries could lead to benefits for society and the economy.

The UK has a number of strengths that put it in a good position to be a key
player in text mining development, such as the existence of good framework
conditions for innovation and the natural advantage of its native language.

Professor Douglas Kell, chief executive of the BBSRC says, =93This report
shows the importance of implementing the recommendations of the Hargreaves
Review  as current copyright law is also imposing restrictions, since text
mining involves a range of computerised analytical processes which are not
all readily permitted within UK intellectual property law. In order to be
=91mined=92, text must be accessed, copied, analysed, annotated and related=
 to
existing information and understanding.  Even if the user has access rights
to the material, making annotated copies can be illegal under current
copyright law without the permission of the copyright holder.

=93The report also shows that text mining can add enormous value to the
benefit of the UK economy, as long as the text is freely available and
unencumbered. Otherwise there is a real risk that we will miss discoveries
that could have significant social and economic impact.=94

Torsten added, =93These laws are inhibiting text mining=92s wider usage and
making academic institutions nervous of taking it up. Without wider usage,
the potential for text mining to generate gains for the economy and society
cannot be exploited and the UK economy will be less able to take advantage
of its strong public research base. There is a danger that the UK may be
left behind as other countries such as Japan adopt a more liberal approach
that encourages text mining usage.=94

The report identifies a number of barriers that we need to overcome to make
best use of text mining tools in the future.  Firstly, text mining is a
complex technical process that requires skilled staff; secondly it requires
unrestricted access to information sources; thirdly copyright can be a
barrier.

The report authors conclude that more work needs to be undertaken to raise
awareness of the potential benefits and value of text mining to UK further
and higher education.

An event at the Wellcome Trust last night started the process of looking at
how publishers, researchers and policy makers can make this happen.

Read a blog post about the event <http://www.jisc.ac.uk/blog/textmining/>

Read the report <
http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/reports/2012/value-and-benefits-of-text-=
mining.aspx
>

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<font><font face=3D"trebuchet ms,sans-serif">[Forwarding 
from JISC, via the=
 Open-Science list. =A0--Peter 
Suber.]<br></font></font><br><div class=3D"g=
mail_quote"><div 
style=3D"word-wrap:break-word"><div><br>News 
release<br>14=
 March 2012<br>

<br>Text mining promises huge economic and research benefit, but 
copyright =
law and other barriers are limiting its use, says JISC 
report<br><br>A new =
JISC report shows that text mining - a complex and innovative method of sea=
rching and analysing data - has huge potential benefits for the UK economy =
and knowledge base, but its use is being held back by copyright law and oth=
er barriers.<br>

<br>Read the report &lt;<a 
href=3D"http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/repor=
ts/2012/value-and-benefits-of-text-mining.aspx" 
target=3D"_blank">http://ww=
w.jisc.ac.uk/publications/reports/2012/value-and-benefits-of-text-mining.as=
px</a>&gt;<br>

<br>Sir Mark Walport, the director of the Wellcome Trust, said at a 
related=
 event last night: &quot;This is a complete no-brainer. This is scholarly 
r=
esearch funded from the public purse, largely from taxpayer and philanthrop=
ic organisations. The taxpayer has the right to have maximum benefit extrac=
ted and that will only happen if there is maximum access to 
it.&quot;<br>

<br>Text mining draws on data analysis techniques such as natural 
language =
processing and information extraction to find new knowledge and meaningful =
patterns within large collections.=A0<br><br>Torsten Reimer, JISC 
programme=
 manager, explains, =93Text mining is already producing efficiencies and ne=
w knowledge in areas as diverse as biological science, particle physics, me=
dia and communications. It has been used to hypothesise the causes of rare =
diseases and how pre-existing drugs could be used to target different disea=
ses.<br>

<br>=93The technique was also used recently to analyse the vast amount of 
t=
ext produced on websites, blogs and social media such as Twitter - where co=
pyright holders allowed - and showed that the messages exchanged on Twitter=
 during the English riots of 2011 were not to blame for inciting 
riots,&quo=
t; added Torsten.<br>

<br>The business benefit of text mining is in identifying emerging 
trends, =
and to explore consumer preferences and competitor developments. Text minin=
g is particularly used in larger companies as part of their customer relati=
onship management strategy and in the pharmaceutical industry as part of th=
eir research and development strategy. =A0<br>

<br>The report shows that such techniques could enable researchers in UK 
un=
iversities to gain new knowledge that would otherwise remain undiscovered b=
ecause there is just too much relevant literature for any one person to rea=
d. Such discoveries could lead to benefits for society and the 
economy.<br>

<br>The UK has a number of strengths that put it in a good position to be 
a=
 key player in text mining development, such as the existence of good frame=
work conditions for innovation and the natural advantage of its native lang=
uage.<br>

<br>Professor Douglas Kell, chief executive of the BBSRC says, =93This 
repo=
rt shows the importance of implementing the recommendations of the Hargreav=
es Review =A0as current copyright law is also imposing restrictions, since =
text mining involves a range of computerised analytical processes which are=
 not all readily permitted within UK intellectual property law. In order to=
 be =91mined=92, text must be accessed, copied, analysed, annotated and rel=
ated to existing information and understanding. =A0Even if the user has acc=
ess rights to the material, making annotated copies can be illegal under cu=
rrent copyright law without the permission of the copyright 
holder.=A0<br>

<br>=93The report also shows that text mining can add enormous value to 
the=
 benefit of the UK economy, as long as the text is freely available and une=
ncumbered. Otherwise there is a real risk that we will miss discoveries tha=
t could have significant social and economic impact.=94<br>

<br>Torsten added, =93These laws are inhibiting text mining=92s wider 
usage=
 and making academic institutions nervous of taking it up. Without wider us=
age, the potential for text mining to generate gains for the economy and so=
ciety cannot be exploited and the UK economy will be less able to take adva=
ntage of its strong public research base. There is a danger that the UK may=
 be left behind as other countries such as Japan adopt a more liberal appro=
ach that encourages text mining usage.=94<br>

<br>The report identifies a number of barriers that we need to overcome 
to =
make best use of text mining tools in the future. =A0Firstly, text mining i=
s a complex technical process that requires skilled staff; secondly it requ=
ires unrestricted access to information sources; thirdly copyright can be a=
 barrier.<br>

<br>The report authors conclude that more work needs to be undertaken to 
ra=
ise awareness of the potential benefits and value of text mining to UK furt=
her and higher education.<br><br>An event at the Wellcome Trust 
last night =
started the process of looking at how publishers, researchers and policy ma=
kers can make this happen.<br>

<br>Read a blog post about the event &lt;<a 
href=3D"http://www.jisc.ac.uk/b=
log/textmining/" 
target=3D"_blank">http://www.jisc.ac.uk/blog/textmining/</=
a>&gt;<br><br><div>Read the report &lt;<a 
href=3D"http://www.jisc.ac.uk/pub=
lications/reports/2012/value-and-benefits-of-text-mining.aspx" 
target=3D"_b=
lank">http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/reports/2012/value-and-benefits-of=
-text-mining.aspx</a>&gt;<br>

</div></div></div><br>
<br></div><br>

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