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[BOAI] Harvard Open Access and the significant move of Copyright Retention
From: "Armbruster, Chris" <Chris.Armbruster AT EUI.eu>
In a very interesting move, the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard ↵ University on 12 February 2008 not only adopted an open access mandate but also ↵ adopted the following [COPYRIGHT RETENTION POLICY] Each Faculty member grants to the President and Fellows of Harvard College permission to make available his or her scholarly articles and to exercise the copyright in those articles. In legal terms, the permission granted by each Faculty member is a nonexclusive, irrevocable, paid-up, worldwide license to exercise any and all rights under copyright relating to each of his or her scholarly articles, in any medium, and to authorize others to do the same, provided that the articles are not sold for a profit. I am particularly interested to see the effects of this over the coming years. ↵ In an article written for the Yale A2K2 conference, I advocated that ↵ universities should take a more pro-active approach to copyright and that ↵ nonexclusive licensing was the optimal way to create a competitive market that ↵ is highly compatible with open access to scientific knowledge (OA2SK). For now, ↵ the Havard copyright retention policy enables opt-out on a case-by-case basis ↵ (in writing, to the Dean). The policy will be reviewed in three years. To date, ↵ I consider this the most optimal university policy. The original pre-print of the Yale A2K2 paper (Winner of the A2K2 writing ↵ competition) is available here: http://ssrn.com/abstract=938119 "Cyberscience and the Knowledge-Based Economy, Open Access and Trade ↵ Publishing: from Contradiction to Compatibility with Nonexclusive Copyright ↵ Licensing" The article was subsequently published in IJCLP: http://www.ijclp.net/ Quote: What is required of universities and governments, scholars and publishers, is ↵ to clear the way for digital innovations in knowledge distribution and ↵ scholarly publishing by enabling the emergence of a competitive market that is ↵ based on nonexclusive rights. This requires no change in the law but merely an ↵ end to the praxis of copyright transfer and exclusive licensing. The best way ↵ forward for research organisations, universities and scientists is the adoption ↵ of standard copyright licenses that reserve some rights, namely Attribution and ↵ No Derivative Works, but otherwise will allow for the unlimited reproduction, ↵ dissemination and re-use of the research article, commercial uses included. Chris Armbruster
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